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Full text of "Southern Illinois University Information Service news release."

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

CARLI: Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois 



http://archive.org/details/southernilli1954sout 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale , 111. — Phones 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., SEPT. — - Southern Illinois University students 
nay enroll in some foreign language courses that do not teach any 
foreign tongue . 

This seeming paradox is explained by the language department »s 
recent policy of instituting courses designed primarily to Live 
students background in classical culture. 

This winter, for instance, Dr. Eileen Barry, who returned in 
August from a tour of Greece, will teach a new course, "Classical 
Mythology," which will offer students three credit hours in foreign 
language even though no foreign language will he studied, 

"We will read selections in English from both classical and 
modern works that have mythological themes," Dr. Barry explains. 
"The purpose of the course is to give students interested in literature 
and art a background in Greek and Latin story plots." 

Dr. Barry, who spent six weeks this summer studying and touring 
the sites of classical Greece with the American School in Athens, 
will illustrate her lectures with color slides she made of points 
of interest. 

During the winter term Dr. Barry also will again teach "Roman 
Private Life," the first non-foreign language course instituted 
several years ago in the foreign language department. 



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NEWS from Dill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111., — Phone; 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 

Number 31 in a weekly series— "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — 
a series consisting of regional folklore and historical accounts 
suitable for feature, column or editorial use. 

BIG AND_ LITTLE, IIARPE 

By John W. Allen (Please include 

Southern Illinois University this "credit "line) 

Perhaps this story implies so much horror that it should not be 
written. But the incidents related are accounted as true and the 
characters real. Moreover, some of the happenings occurred in 
Southern Illinois in the vicinity of Cave-in-Rock and are thus a 
part of the region's legend. 

The two men concerned, Micajah, generally know as Big Harpe and 
Wiley or Little Harpe are recorded as brothers, born in North 
Carolina about 1763 and 1770. While still young men, they joined 
a band of Cherokee and Creek Indians who, because of their general 
misconduct, had been disowned by their tribes. The degraded behavior 
of this group of Indians, however, did not equal that of the Harpe 
brothers in brutality and torture. 

They dressed as the Indians did, in the un tanned skins of 
animals they had killed. They are described as dirty and unkempt 
in appearance, bareheaded except in the very worst of weather. Both 
had dark hair that always appeared to need combing. Big Harpe was 
six feet or more tall, Little Harpe was some inches shorter. Together, 
they were a most disreputable-looking pair. 

Leaving the band of Indians with whom they had been associated, 
the brothers moved to Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1798. It was here 
that the recorded portion of their careers in crime began, The 
first charges against them were for stealing livestock and disturb- 
ing the peace. 

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2 

In a short time the brothers were charged with stealing horses and 
jailed. They escaped and left the vicinity to begin a series of 
murders that, for numbers and sheer brutality, remain unequalled 
in the annals of crime in America. 

The first murder recorded was that of a man named Johnson whom 
they killed near Knoxvillo. They slit his body, filled it with 
rocks and dumped it into a stream. Within a few days, they killed a 
peddler named Payton and two other men named Paea and Bates. In each 
case they evaded capture. 

They next killed a man named ^angford who had travelled with 
them for a day or so and had befriended them. For this murder they 
were arrested and placed in jail at Danville, Kentucky, on January 5 ? 
1799. Breaking jail again about two months later, they eluded a mob 
intent upon lynching them and continued on their way. Within a few 
days they killed a boy named John Trabue and chopped up his body, 
throwing the pieces into a sinkhole. 

After two other known murders in Kentucky they moved down the 
Ohio. On their way to Cave-in-Rock they came upon two or three people 
sitting about a campfire near the mouth of the Saline river and shot 
them without warning. At the same time three women and three children 
were found murdered in the vicinity. The manner of their killing in- 
dicated that it was the work of the Harpes. This was in the summer 
of 1799. 

Reaching th^j immediate vicinity of the cave the brothers came 

upon a youn£ man and his sx.'eetheart who had left a flatboat that was 

being repaired at the river bank and had tono to sit on the edge of 

the bluff at Cedar Point, about a fourth of a mile above the cave. 
Stealthily approaching the unsuspecting lovers, the brothers pushed 
them from the ledge to the sandy beach some kO feet below. Strance- 
ly, neither was killed. 

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3 

The Harpes next took one of the survivors of a crew from a 

flatboat that had been attacked and robbed near the cave, stripped 
him naked and tied him upon the back of a horse, ™his horse was 
taken to the top of the bluff near the cave, blindfolded and lashed 
until it ran over the cliff and fell upon the rocks a hundred feet 
below. Needless to say, both horse and rider were killed. This last 
deed so angered the outlaws gathered about the cave that the Harpes 
were forced to leave, Fro.u the vicinity of the cave the brothers 
moved back toward their old haunts near Knoxvillc committing many 
murders along the way. 

After killings at the home of a Mrs, Stegall, a posse was 
formed to pursue the Harpes. Little Iiarpe escaped but Bit Harpe was 
overtaken and killed. His head was cut off, carried for some distance 
and placed in the fork of a large tree about three miles north of 
the present town of Dixon in Webster county, Kentucky. Here it re- 
mained for many years. The place of its location is still referred 
to as Harpe' s Head and the roadway as Harpe' s Head Hoad. 

After his escape from the posse that killed his brother, Little 
Harpe continued his career of crime until captured in the state of 
Mississippi in January, loO 1 !-. He was charged with robbing and kill- 
ing Samuel Mason, the man who had established the "Liquor Vault and 
House of Entertainment" at Cave-in-Ilock in 1797. Found guilty, 
Little Iiarpe was hanged on the hill about a half mile north of 
Greenville on February 8, ISO 1 *. Little Harpe 's head was removed 
and placed on top of a pole beside the old Natchez Trace along which 
he had committed many of his crimes. Here it remained for many 
years. 



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NEVIS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — An increase of nor 6 than 1000 in 
full- tine, on- campus enrollment was reported today by Southern 
Illinois University. 

There were ¥+55 students, including 1736 freshmen, on the 
Southern campus at the close of the final registration period. 
The total was 3 1 +*+9 a year aco. 

Registrar Robert A. McGrath said 2978 men and lh77 vonon had 
enrolled by the end of the first week of classes Sept. 25. This 
is a 51.5 percent increase over two years aco and 29.2 percent over 
last fall. 

Uncounted were several thousand students already enrolled and 
still signing up for courses in adult education and extension and 
at the Belleville Residence Center, 

V/hile tabulators were busy sorting identification cards on 
the record fall enrollment, McGrath announced that advance registra- 
tion for the winter quarter would begin Monday (Oct. h) . 7ron that 
date until Nov. 20, registrations of new students and those already 
on campus will be accepted. 

McGrath cautioned new students, however, to write or phone the 
Admissions Office for clearance before cominc to the University to 
enroll. Anyone failing to get in under the Nov. 20 deadline will 
have to wait until the first day of the winter quarter Dec. 6. 



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NEWS froa Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondalo,Ill. — Phonos 1020 



Release; MEDIATE 



C..RBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — John Van Drutcn»s comedy, "Bell, 
Book and Candle", has been chosen as the annual honeconinc; play 
at Southern Illinois University Oct. 22. 

Dr. Archibald HcLeod, director of the Little Theater, said a 
cast of two won en and three nen had been selected for the play which 
will be presented in Shryock Auflitoriun on the eve of the hone- 
coninr football fane between Southern and Mlchi r an Normal. 

Dixie Luyan, Dowell, and Gene Penland, Carbondale, will fill 
leading roles created by Bex Harrison and Lilli Palner in the 
lone thy New York run of the play, becinnint in 1950. Others in 
the cast will bes Stephanie Kelsey, Greenville 3 Raymon Yancy, 
Paducah, Ky., and Don VJolfe, Wayne City. 

Described by Brooks Atkinson as a "suave and inpish fantasy," 
the three-act play tells the story of bewitching Gillian Holroyd, 
who casts a spell over an unattached publisher, partly to keep 
hin away from another woman. 

The comedy has becone a favorite stock production. On a recent 
engaeenenrfc in St. Louis, "Bell, Book and Candle" starred Sachary 
Scott and Joan Bennett. 

Southern's honeco.minc activities will continue fron Oct. 20 
to Oct. 23. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

ELIZABETHTOWN, ILL., OCT. — The Ohio River towns of Elizabeth- 
town and Rosiclare were being canvassed by census takers today pre- 
liminary to separate study programs aimed at pinpointing community 
problems for a redevelopment program. 

The towns are located only four miles apart in Hardin County 
where 300 persons have been out of wcrk since the Rcsiclare Lead 
and Fluorspar Mining Co, shut down last spring. With their un- 
employment compensation exhausted, these unemployed miners and their 
families face a tough winter. Several small mines have been working 
sporadically, waiting for the federal government to broaden its 
program of fluorspar stockpiling. 

Launched with the help of Southern Illinois University, the 
community development projects will seek to raise economic, social 
and cultural levels by democratic efforts of a united citizenry. 

At a public meeting here last Friday night, Ilayor Otis Lamar of 
Rosiclare urged closer cooperation between the towns on such problems 
of mutual interest as economic development, county government and 
schools. He indicated that past rivalry had blocked achievement of 
common goals. Lamar is chairman of the Rosiclare community study 
project. 

Harry L. Porter, publisher of the Hardin County Independent, 
said the mining situation had created a "crisis" in the county. He 
advised exploitation of the scenic and historical resources as one 
possible method of bolstering income. 



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<— O O • • • 

Richard 17. Poston, director of the SIU department of community 
development, told an audience of 200 in the county courthouse how 
citizens of other areas had improved living conditions by cooperative 
endeavor. He suggested that communities look first at their most 
basic problems in an effort to rebuild "from the ground up." 

Members of the SIU speech department will be in Rosiclare 
Friday evening and all da}^ Saturday to advise residents of both 
towns on techniques for ciscussing the shortcomings of the 
communities. 

About 20 census takers expect to complete their work in 
Elizabethtown and the neighboring areas of Peters Greek and HcFarland 
by Wednesday (Oct. 6). An organizational meeting and election of 
officiers for a six-month community research project will be held 
Oct. 15. Temporary chairman is Clyde Flynn, Sr., a rural mail 
carrier. 

Rosiclare, which started its project a little earlier, will 
hold a session Oct, 13 to look at some of the community character- 
istics turned up in the census there. 

Meanwhile, the Hardin County Welfare Committee has been 
tending to the most pressing problem— providing food for the families 
of the unemployed. The committee has been working with county 
commissioners and the state government to obtain surplus foodstuffs. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, Ill»-Phone 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



SPORTS DESK 

ChRBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Southern Illinois University : s Salukis, 
seeking their first 1954 win, invade Northern I] lino: s Saturday ! x 0et«9) 
for an IIAC battle with the Huskies. 

Coach Bill f Brien T s Salukis, who dropped their IIAC opener last 
weekend 2-7 to Illinois Normal, own a 0-2 record* The Huskies defeated 
Beloit 18-0 to pull even with a 1-1 mark. The contest will be the first 
IIAC encounter for Northern* 

Southern's fine line, which turned outstanding performances in the 
first two contests, will have its hands full stopping the thrusts of* 
the Huskies' pint-sized backfield* 

The Northern ball carriers f led by sophomore Tom SkubjLch, who 
scored 12 points against Beloit, include veterans Billy Graham, Wes 
Luedeking, and Jim Kuntzmiller. A big Huskie line, averaging almost 
200 pounds, will be led by veterans ^ndy Halle, Rocco Fiordelisi, Ralph 
Krupke, Bob Schulze, and John Smith. 

The Salukis may be due for a shake-up in the backfield after the 
poor showing of some of the starters* New throwing talent was discover- 
ed in reserve quarterback Gerry Hart, West Frankfort sophomore, who 

completed six of 10 tosses for 5# yards in the Normal game. 

Freshman end Lou Kahlenbeck, Newton, Mass., made his debut at end, 
catching four passes for 40 yards* The 6-1, 180-pound youngster had 
been sidelined with a broken bone in his foot* 

Big Bob Ems, Fisher junior, returned to his old pre-service form, 
blasting 54 yards in eight tries, and Joe Yusko, West Frankfort sopho- 
more, picked up 39 yards on eight carries* Capt* Jack Schneider, Glen 
Carbon junior, moved for 45 yards on nine trips. 

The contest will be the 23rd renewal of a rivalry that has seen 
Northern win 15 times, Southern 6 and one tie. 

By 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

(NOTE LOCAL NAMES) 

CARBONDALE, ILL,, OCT. — Ilore than 1000 high school choristers 
from 23 towns will be in Carbondale Saturday for the 15th annual 
Southern Illinois High School Choral Clinic at Southern Illinois 
University. 

The singers will rehearse in men's, women's and mixed choruses 
during the day and present an evening concert under the direction of 
Robert McCowen, director of choral activities at Iowa State College. 

A special feature of the concert this year will be a performance 
of Gian-Carlo Menotti^s brief comic opera, "The Telephone," presented 
by the Southern Illinois Chamber Opera Society, The leading roles 
will be sung by Mrs. Edith Garrison, lit. Vernon, who is familiar 
to Carbondale audiences as a soloist with the Southern Illinois 
Symphony Orchestra, and Jerry Crawford, SIU student from Ze.i.gler. 
Crawford's sister, Rosemary, will be accompanist for the opera 
which Kate More of the SIU music staff is directing. 

McCowen, the Guest choral director, led choirs at Kno;: College. ; 
Galesburc, 111., and Western Illinois State College, before coin:- to 
Iowa State. He has been concert soloist for several radio stations 
in Iowa and Illinois. 

In the concert at 7°30 p.m. in Shryock Auditorium, the male and 
female choristers will sing several selections separately and then be 
massed for a half dozen numbers, including "A^nus Dei" and Mueller's 
"Salutation to the Dawn." For the choral numbers, Kay Sue Eadie, an 
SIU student from Vandalia, will be at the piano. 

The first rehearsal session will be£in at 9? 30 a.m. in the 

auditorium. The entire clinic is sponsored by the University School 

and coordinated by Miss Moe and Floyd V. Vfakeland of the SIU staff. 

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C# t • • • 

Southern Illinois high schools sending choirs are listed with 

their choral directors c 

(If you want names from your territory only, here is an alphabeti- 

ANNA-JONESBORO - George E. Casper. C ai list.) 

ASHLEY - Paul E. Daniels. 

BENTON - Lou Ann Montgomery 

CAIRO - James C. Moore, Jr. 

CARBONDALE COMMUNITY HIGH - Archie Griffin. 

CARBONDALE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL - Marearette Carey. 

CARLYLE - Mrs. Beverly Mueller. 

CARTERVILLE - Jack Ridley and Kenneth Hills. 

CENTRALIA - Jr. T. Alexander. 

CHESTER - Wayne Thorpe. 

DONGOLA - Mrs. Billy J. Brown. 

HARRISBURG - John Schork. 

HERRIN - R. C. Eastin. 

ELDORADO - Ed Creek, Jr. 

MARION - Maurice Russell, 

METROPOLIS - Dan Bo gar t. 

MT. VERNON - Charles Gregg and II. H. Beckmeyer. 

MURPHYSBORO - ¥. F. Uotherington. 

PINCKNEYVILLE - Mrs. Lula Rose Wilson. 

SALEM - Charlotte Holt. 

THEBES - Edna Walker. 

ULLIN EAST SIDE HIGH - Ruth Ann Durham. 

WEST FRANKFORT - Belle Lonpbone. 

WOLF LAKE SHAWNEE HIGH - Mrs. Mary K. Peer son. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. , —Phono: 1020 Releases EJMEDIATE 

Number 82 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois"— 
a series consisting of regional folklore and historical accounts 
suitable for feature, colurm or editorial use. 

SNAKE BITE REMEDIES 

John W. Allen (Please include 
Southern Illinois University this "credit" line) 

It is an a L ..c-old custom for snakes to bite people. If snakes 
could plead in the matter, they would doubtlessly insist that they 
bite only in self defense. However, that may be, snakes have lone 
been bitinL people, and people have just that lone been sockinc cures 
for the bites. 

The hazard of snake bites, particularly in sections infested 
with rattlers, was a serious one in earlier days. Newspapers often 
opened their columns to subscribers with something to say on the 
subject. It is in the 18^8 file of the Prairie Farmer, even then 
circulating widely in Southern Illinois, that much of the following' 
is found. 

Perhaps the most popular remedy was the alcohol treatment, 
naturally to be taken internally. By this method the victim was 
Civen copious, very copious, amounts of alcohol, ^ccordinL to the 
published account the alcohol treatment 'ocean in South Carolina dur- 
ing the Revolutionary Uar, 

A highly intoxicated soldier from a regiment stationed at 
Charleston fell upon a rattlor and was bitten several times. This 
soldier was not too drunk, however, to take a feu more drinks, and 
thus become "dead drunk." Reports state that when he sobered up no 
injurious effects whatever were to be noted from the bite. The 
venom "had lain in massive inactivity until its strength was lost." 

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2 

A short tine later another soldier, likewise intoxicated, i/as 

bitten by a rattler. The regimental surLeon, according to the 
account, recalled the wonderful recovery made by the soldier pre- 
viously bitten. He cave the second soldier "whiskey by the pint," 
until unconsciousness resulted. Recovery was reported as complete 
and without any harmful effects. 

Accounts of these two cases spread rapidly, and the trcatuont 
gained popularity. There are reports that men would even [p hunting 
for poisonous snakes, incidentally takinc alone an ample supply of 
the prescribed antidote. 

Another widely acclaimed treatment was a combination of plantain 
and horehound juices. According to the account civen, this remedy 
originated about the year 1800, when a slave walking, alone a pathway 
came upon a toad and a poisonous spider in deadly combat. He observ- 
ed that the toad would, immediately after bcinc bitten, retire from 
the fray and nibble a bit of leaf from some nearby plantain. 

BeiiiL' curious, the slave wished to determine whether the plantain 
was really the effective remedy it appeared to bo. He accordingly, 
while the froc and spider were in active combat, pulled the plantain 
and threw it away. Shortly the toad was bitten a^ain. It turned 
to the place where the plantain had stood, only to find none there. 
Without its antidote the toad promptly turned upon his back and died. 

As a reward for his discovery, the slave is said to have received 
his freedom and a pension of $300 a year. 

Plantain was considered as highly effective. It was said that a 
rattlesnake covered by its loaves would show evidence of L reat a;_ony 
and shortly die. Also plantain leaves bound about the ankles would 
deter the striking of the most vicious rattler. 

A reader wishinc to use this plantain-horchound remedy gathers 

equal amounts of each kind of leaves, crushes thorn thoroiiLhly, squeezes 

out a tablespoonful of the juice and swallows it. The juice from the 

plantain alone, one-half tablespoonful, is considered as effective 

as the combination. The horehound is only to keep the victin from 

becoming ill. , N 

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Other remedies were available. Ira Jewell of Hickory Grove, 
Illinois, suggested that the parts affected should he rubbed with a 
solution of indigo and chamber lye. He said poultice of indie o or 
indigo-lard also should be bound on the wound. Others prescribed an 
indi co-alcohol salve. . Jewell also said that snake bites produce 
fever and that the one bitten should be civen doses of epsom salts, 
rhubarb tea, or castor oil. 

R. FerLuson from Perryton, Illinois, advised the prompt and vigo- 
rous use of a very sharp pen knife. He stated that he always carried 
one and had not failed in fifty cases to save the bitten victim. 
According to this remedy one should vigorously jab away until blood 
flowed freely. Thin watery blood, or blood with a yellowish tin^c, 
would indicate that the injected poison had been released. 

Doctor M. D. Strong of Pulaski, Illinois, strongly ur^od that the 
wound made by the snake be cut out completely. He cited cases in 
which he had done so with success. 

Other remedies were used. The half of a freshly killed chicken, 
slit vertically and lengthwise and applied immediately, was deemed 
excellent. A paste of alcohol and gunpowder was rated highly. A 
toad cut or pulled in two was about as effective as the half of 
chicken. The "madstone" applied to the bites of does was also rated 
as an effective remedy for snakebites. 

The after-effects of a snake bite wore often unpleasant. _',t 
yearly intervals a painful rash, or ulcers, sometimes occurred.. A 
child bitten by a poisonous snake mi Jit to about catching flies 
between his forefinger and thumb, employing a very quick, striking, 
motion like that of a snake. These after-effects could bo avoided by 
havinc the victim drink cold tea from the roots of silcne inflata 
or cucubolus bohen. 

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M3WS from Dill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Jatbondale, 111.— Phonos 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTIONS FARM EDITORS 

CAHBONDALE, ILL., OCT, — Fall application of nitrogen at 

seeding tine gave bettor wheat yields than spring top dressing 

with nitrogen in wheat fertilization tests at Southern Illinois 

Jniversity this year, Dr. Joseph P. Vavra, SIU agriculture department 

soils and crops specialist, said today. 

The yield difference in tests was approximately three bushels 
per acre in favor of fall application. Adding 30 pounds of nitrofon 
(approximately 100 pounds of ar.inonium nitrate) per acre save the 
.lost efficient use of the fertilizer. Vavra said linilar trends 
were noted in other Illinois tests. The Illinois Farm Supply Company 
cooperated with contributions of fertilizer. 

The testing pro cram involved the comparison of fall and spring 
applications of nitrogen at rates of 15, 30, and 60 pounds per aero 
with each other and with an untreated check plot. All wheat plots had 
a starter application of 200 pounds per acre of 3-12-12 commercial 
fertilizer at seeding. The soil had a fairly himh phosphorus and 
and potash content. Fall applications of nitrogen were broadcast at 
the time of seeding, 

Vavra says that ticht southern Illinois soils apparently permit 
full use of the fall-applied nitrogen without much loss through 
leachinf. The wheat plants seemed to receive an extra boost in 
forming <mood root systems and cettinc an early vigorous sprint Growth • 

Vavra points out, however, that the results mi [lit be different 
inder other weather conditions and could not be taken as a blanket 
recommendation for fall nitrogen applications in the area. 

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Vavra reported the following per acre yields in the tests: 

1. Untreated check plot, 27.1 bushels. 

2. Fall broadcasted nitroeon applications at rates ofs 

a. Fifteen pounds per acre, 35 • 5 bushels. 

b. Thirty pounds per acre, kl.k bushels. 

c. Sixty pounds per acre, ^2, 8 bushels, 

3. Spring applications of nitrogen top-dressed at rates of 

a. * if teen pounds per acre, 32.2 bushels. 

b. hirty pounds per acre, 3^,5 bushels. 

c. Sixty pounds per acre, 1+2,8 bushels. 

k* Thirty pounds of nitrogen applied at the rate of half 
in the fall and half in the sprincs 3*+. 6 bushels. 



NEWS from Dill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. --Phono; 103) Releases IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTIONS PARI I EDITORS, 

SIU COUNTRY COLUMN 
albert F. Meyer 

With feed costs remaining at a high level and the price of 

poultry and eggs currently what, they are, poultry raisers arc caught 

in a squeeze that isn't conducive to jumping up and down with elation. 

Now more than ever it is important that the poultry producer exercise 

the best management practices he knows, keeping full records on the 

poultry enterprise so that he will know the exact status of the 

business. 

The word from the marketing specialist is that the prices paid 
for feeder cattle this fall largely will determine the feeding profits 
in 1955 because the profit must come out of the margin and not from 
the feeding operation itself. Last year feeder cattle prices were 
lower early in the season and went up as the fall advanced. The 
opposite pattern may develop this year because buyers are showing a 
tendency to buy early \7hile the producers are holding back. This 
could make the early purchases the higher priced ones this season. 



Farmers who have a forest planting program in their plan for 
this year ought to be arranging to obtain their planting stock of 
suitable species, age, and size from the Illinois Division of Forestry, 
Springfield. 

The SIU forester points out that late October and early November 

is the best time for fall planting of forest tree seedlings. Before 

ordering, get the advice of your forester on the species that are 

best suited for a particular planting area and make orders on that 

basis. 

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Southern Illinois farmers nay plant forest trees successfully in 
the fall on sandy soils or on areas with good cover of grasses and 
weeds. Heavy blue crass sod is not very suitable for forest plant- 
ings. Until the seedling's are planted they should be stored in a 
cool, moist location, preferably away from light. 

In planting the seedlings the trees ought not to be set more 
than one-half inch deeper than they stood in the forest nursery 
seedling bed. 



Rye sown as a cover crop on corn fields after the corn has been 
harvested is good for cutting down soil losses during the winter 
months. In the spring the rye may be plowed under to increase 
the supply of organic matter in the soil. In an emergency it may 
be utilized for early pasture or grass silage. 



Soil losses may be reduced greatly by contour tillage. Farmers 
with rolling ground under cultivation for small grains should plow 
and plant on the contour rather than up and down the slope. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — The second annual Farm Forestry 
Field Day will be held at the Kaskaskia Experimental Forest in 
Hardin County Wednesday (Oct. 13), according to Richard D. Lane, 
forester in charge of the Carbondale U.S. Forest Research Center 
at Southern Illinois University. 

The Kaskaskia Experimental Forest, 10 miles north of Elisabeth- 
town and east of Illinois Highway 3^, is attached to the Carbondale 
Center and is used for research in forest management } production, 
and utilization. 

Cooperating sponsors in the field day are the U.S. Forest 
Service, the cooperative Extension Service of the University of 
Illinois College of Agriculture, the Illinois Agricultural Associa- 
tion, Southern Illinois University, the Illinois State Division of 
Forestry, and the Illinois Central Railroad. 

Curt. Taylor, Pope-Hardin county farm adviser will be chairman 
of the event which opens at 9:30 a.m. and continues until h p.m. 
The Field Day will appeal to farm woodland owners, soil conservation- 
ists, farm advisers, and persons connected with the harvesting, pro- 
cessing and marketing of timber, Lane says. Visitors will tour 

woodland management areas and see demonstrations of tree growth and 
values, grading logs and lumber, and tree girdling for killing un- 
desirable trees. Timber volume and marking contests for visitors 
are scheduled. Lunch will be served on the grounds for persons who 
do not bring their own. 

L. B. Culver, University of Illinois extension forester^ has 
been assisting in advance arrangements. The day»s program will 
include specialists in various phases of forestry as leaders of 
demonstrations and discussions. Ray Coleman, Jonesboro sawmill 
operator, will bring his practical experience into a discussion 
of log and timber values during a tour through a woodland manage- 
ment area. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone; 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ST. LOUIS, OCT, *li Prof, Baker Brownell, director of Area 
Services at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, will be one 
of the featured speakers at a V/orkshop in Religion and Rural Life to be 
held here Oct. 15-16. 

Sponsored by the Missouri chapter of Friends of the Land, 
the interdenominational workshop will be addressed by speakers of 
Catholic, Presbyterian, Quaker, Monnonite and other faiths. Among 
its objectives are development of a better understanding of rural 
problems among city dwellers and cultivation of goodwill among 
religious groups. 

Brownell will talk at a 10 a.m. sjessioii Oct. 16 at the St. 
Louis University School of Commerce and Finance. 

The sponsoring organization is a non-profit, non-partisan 
society headed by August P. Bellman, director of the Missouri 
Botanical Gardens. The St. Louis Farmers 1 Club cooperated in 
planning the workshop which will include representation from the 
National Catholic Rural Life Conference and the Rural Life Association,. 
Executive secretary of the latter group is Stanley Hamilton, a 
Quaker. 

Other speakers include True D, Morse, Undersecretary of 
Agriculture 5 Alvin T. Anderson of the University of Illinois College 
of Agriculture, and Rev. Joseph LeGrand, New Athens, 111. 



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NEWS frora Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. — Phone: 1020 Release s IMMEDIATE 

F-I-L-L-iiWl-S 

Southern Illinois University prepared an elaborate exhibit for 

the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1393« 



The word M Nori.ial" was removed from the naae of Southern Illinois 
University by legislative act in 19^7« 



(SIU) - Agriculture is rated as the biccest single industry 
in Southern Illinois. 



The Illinois Horticultural Experiment Station at Southern 
Illinois University is a cooperative pro cram at SIU and the 
University of Illinois. 



Basic research as well as variety trials in fruits are carried 
on by the Illinois Horticultural Experiment Station operated by the 
University of Illinois and Southern Illinois University at 
Carbondale. 



(SIU) - Agriculture accounts directly for 30 percent of the 
employed labor force in southern Illinois. 



(SIU) - The output per farm worker in southern Illinois is 
lower Generally than it is for the rest of the state and much of the 
nation. 



The Illinois Horticultural Experiment Station was activated at 
Southern Illinois University in August, 1951. 



(SIU) - Thirty percent of the farms in southern Illinois are 
less than 50 acres in size. 



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NEWS frori Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.-- -Phones 1020 release; MEDIATE 

F-I-L-L-E-R-3 

(SIU) - Ninety-five percent of the forest land in Illinois is 

privately owned, mostly in small woodlots. 



Southern Illinois University first "held school" on July 2,187 1 +. 



The first yearbook published at Southern Illinois University 
was the "Sphinx," issued by the junior class in 1899, 

A rural teacher-training program was instituted at Southern 
Illinois University in 191 l 'S anc1 - under this program the first success* 
ful rural practice school in Illinois was established at SIU by u . 
0.. Brown in 1917. Rural practice schools were eliminated from the 
SIU teacher-training program a few years ago when school consolida- 
tions began to reduce greatly the number of rural schools. 



A Southern Illinois University forestry study reveals that 
three-fourths of the saw mills in 16 southern Illinois counties have 
their operations limited by a lack of suitable markets. 



(SIU) - Nearly 00 percent of the saw timber available and 
growing in southern Illinois is in low-quality trees. 



The first rural practice school in Illinois, used for many 
years by Southern Illinois University in its teacher-training pro- 
gram, was the Buckles School a mile west of Carbondale. 



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SEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Jarbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 



Release: IMMEDIATE 



> PORTS DESK 

CaRBONDaLE, ILL., OCT. -- Southern Illinois University football 
;oach Bill O'Brien is finding more nuggets among his freshman than the 
i<9cr's found in California. 

This week O'Brien came up with his second outstanding end discovery 
In a row. Lou Kahlenbeck, 6-1, l#0-pounder from Newton, Mass.., plaved 
Ln his first college game and grabbed off four passes for 40 yards as 
;he Salukis lost their second game 2-7 » In the season opener Marion 
lushing, Pinckne -ville , another end, was the discovery, 

Kahlenbeck, state championship football and track performer lest 
rear, had seen little action since earl" practice sessions because of 
m injured lege His performance last week earned bin a starting role 
igainst Northern Illinois (Oct« 9). 

Among other freshman "finds 1 ' who have given heartening performances 
ire tackle Larry Parrish. Crystal Lake; guard Carl Teets, Elgin; center 
3 ete Coneset, Chicago; and tackle Frank Lee, Elgin. Those, plus the 
Return to the lineup of end tafayne Williams, DuQuoin junior who has been 
>ut with an ankle injury, could give the Salukis their first 1954 
rictorv in the Northern set-to a 

Both clubs lost opening games, Southern 6-7 to Southeast Missouri 
ind Northern 13-6 to Wheaton, The Huskies came back last week to drop 
Jeloit 13-0 while Southern lost its opening II.iC contest to Illinois 
formal 2-7 « The game will be the first league action for Northern. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale,Ill. — Phonos 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARB0NDAL2, ILL., OCT. — A throe-day refresher course on farm 
electrical wiring and farm water systems will be held at Southern 
Illinois University Wednesday, Thursday and Friday (Oct* 13-15) in 
cooperation with the Illinois Association of Rural Electric Co-ops. 
Nearly 30 persons will enroll. 

Industrial representatives ? } agricultural engineers Fred Roth, 
SIU, and Frank Andrews, University of Illinois; and Pete Uahn, 
Jackson county health department, will comprise the instructional 
staff. The pro pram Wednesday (Oct. 13) will ho devoted to farm wiring 
problems and practices with Ora Snider, Steeleville, representative 
of the Egyptian Electric Cooperative, as chairman. 

General types of water system pumps and pump operating principles 
will be considered the second day. The final day will be devoted 
to such topics as underground water sources, well drillin- , protection 
of farm water supplies, water softening, filtering, and purifying. 

Conference sessions will be held in the agricultural quonset 
building at SIU. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111.— Phone? 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Roy Whitmore, 2?j native of Baltimore, 
lid,, has been added to the research staff of the Carbondale U. S. 
Forest Research Center at Southern Illinois University, Richard Lane, 
forester in charge, announced today. 

Whitmore is the first of several contemplated additions 
to the Research Center's staff under a recent federal appropriation 
of $150,000 for expanding forestry research here., Lane says that 
Whitmore 's principal work will be research in the field of marketing 
forest products. 

The primary objective will be to conduct studies leading to 
new methods and more efficient marketing of forest products of 
southern Illinois, benefitting the woodland, owners as well as wood- 
using industries. Included in such studies will be the marketing of 
rough products, such as logs and stumpage; semi-finished forest 
products, such as lumber ; and manufactured forest products, such 
as will be tested in a new forest products pilot plant being institut- 
ed cooperatively by the Forest Service and SIU at the university's 
Vocational-Technical Institute campus near Carterville. 

Whitmore came to Carbondale from two years of forest survey 
work for the Central States Forest Experiment Station, Columbus, 0. 
He has a bachelor's and master's degree in fir os try from the University 
of Michigan. Two years of undergraduate work was taken at the 
University of Vermont, Burlington. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Southern Illinois University's 
cross country team, after dropping its opener 17-*+ 1 to Eastern 
Illinois Oct. 2, will return to action Saturday (Oct. 16) against 
Western Illinois at Carbondale. 

Coach Leland P. "Doc" tingle's Salukis finished 
5,6,9,10,11,12,13 in the Eastern dual behind the Panther's Chuck 
Matheny, who covered the three mile course in l6s33.7. Lin^'le, 
working with only one letteman, Capt. Larry Havens, Hurst sopho- 
more, is depending largely upon freshmen. 

Larry Terneus, Hillsboro freshman, turned in the best . 
time for Southern in the first meet, finishing fifth in 16: 57 A* 
Howard Branch, sophomore track letteman from Mounds, took sixth 
with 16 s 58. 9. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. —Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. ^-Southern Illinois University homecomers 
will dance to the music of Tex Beneke and his orchestra at the annual 
Homecoming Dance in the SIU Men»s Gymnasium Saturday night, October 
23, Andy Marcec, East St. Louis, student chairman of the SIU Home-- 
coming , said today. 

The orchestra will present a one-hour concert preceding the 
dance, beginning at 7s 30 p.m. 

Beneke, a native of Ft* Worth, Texas, is known for his saxophone 
playing in the famed Glenn Miller band and for his success in carrying 
on in the Miller tradition after the popular band leader was reported 
missing overseas during World War II. The musicians continued to 
achieve outstanding success under Beneke, although he is the only 
member in the present organization who served under Miller. 

Featured with the orchestra at homecoming will be Beneke *s 
vocalist, Marilu Martin* 

Born Februray 1*+, 191 1 *, Beneke (whose real name is Gordon Lee 
Beneke) became interested in the saxophone at nine years of age. At 
1*+ he bought a clarinet and worked out his own fingering system for 
lack of time and money for regular lessons. 

His first important job came with Ben Young at the Texas Centenn- 
ial in 1936, there meeting a pretty dancer, Marguerite Griffith of 
Lu/kin, Texas. They were married after three months. Beneke joined 
Miller's organization in 1933. 

SIU Homecoming activities will open Wednesday evening, Oct. 20, 
with the traditional student pep rally, parade, and bonfire. The 
annual queen crowning ceremony with pomp and pageantry will take 
place in Shryock auditorium the next evening. Friday's (Oct. 22) 
top events are a homecoming play and an informal student dance, 
The annual parade, football game, and formal dance follow the next 
day. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111. — Phonos 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



ELDORADO, ILL., OCT. — Eldorado's "Operation Bootstrap" will 
probably be the subject of Edward R. Ilurrow's nationally televised 
"See It Now" program Tuesday night (Oct. 12). 

Fred Friondly, co-producer of the show, notified townspeople 
here and Southern Illinois University's department of community 
development that a film shot by Hurrow's cameramen this summer had 
been slated for telecast this week. 

t 

The film deals with some of the improvements brought to 
Eldorado by democratic citizen action in the "Operation Bootstrap" 
project. The SIU department of community development under Richard U, 
Poston offered technical assistance to the program which is continu- 
ing under a permanent Eldorado Community Development Association, 

burrow's show is seen on the CB3 network at 9^30 p.m. CST. 
A caravan of Eldorado townspeople is being organized to go to 
Station WTVI, Belleville, to watch the program. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. —Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 



MARION, ILL., OCT. — Dr. Peter L. Agnevj, New York University, 
will discuss the future of business education at a 6 s30 p.m. dinner 
meeting of the Southern Illinois Business Education Association in 
the Marion high school cafeteria Friday (Oct. 15), Mrs. Earl 
Whitacre, Marion, secretary treasurer of the group, said today. 
Nearly 75 members are expected. 

Harry B. Bauernfeind, Southern Illinois University Vocational- 
Technical Institute business division supervisor, will be chairman 
of a panel discussion group at the Saturday morning (Oct. 16) session, 
A group of area business and professional men will comprise the pane] ♦ 
They will discuss preparation of high school students for various 
vocations. 

Panel members will bos Kenneth Powless, Marion, Illinois 
assistant attorney general; Oscar Schafale, president of the Bank of 
Marion; E. W. Griner, Carbondale, personnel manager for the Kroger 
company; Charles Rau, Harrisburg, manager of an Illinois Brokerage 
department store; and Ted C. Shoberg, principal of the Hurphysboro 
high school. 

Mrs. Whitacre says that reservations for the dinner session 
should be made by Friday morning. Some 300 Southern Illinois 
teachers of business subjects in high schools and at SIU belong to 
the association. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL,, OCT. — Southern Illinois University 
football coach Bill O'Brien will carry his quest for a 19!/!- victory 
to Central Michigan Saturday (Oct. 16), where he will pit his win- 
less Salukis against the once beaten Chippewas. 

Central HicfoigaHj defending IIAC champions, boast one of 
the best small college backfields in the nation, headed by Jim 
Podoley, who has tallied 12 touchdowns in five games. 

O'Brien, troubled over the recurrence of a leg injury to 
Fullback Bob Ems in the 2*+-7 Northern Illinois setback last week, 
began the task of shuffling his backfield. Capt Jack Schneider 
will probably move back to fullback, but from there O'Brien will 
have to select a starting crew from Joe Yusko, Hank Warfield, Gene 
Ernest, or Ed Johnson at halves and Gene Tabacchi or Gerry Hart 
at quarter. 

Ed Hayes, five foot ten, 220-pound freshman tackle from 
San Francisco, made an outstanding showing against Northern in his 
first/assignment and has nailed down the left tackle post, Dave 
Stroup, Kent Werner, Joe Kalla, Cliff Johnson, Wayne '.'illiams and 
John Gelch probably will be O'Brien's other line starters. 

Following the Central encounter Southern will return home to 
entertain Michigan Normal, highlighting the 32nd annual homecoming 
festivities October 23. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.-- -Phones 1020 Releases II-filEDIi*TE 

CARBONDALE, ILL. , OCT. — Starting a good new lawn requires more 
than strewing a mixture of grass seed on the yard, says Dr. Lowell R. 
Tucker, Southern Illinois University Agriculture department horti- 
culturist. 

The best seeding time may be in the fall— September or October— 

or in late winter — February or early March. 

left 

Quite often the home owner has little more than subsoil/on the 
yard because of grading or from digging a basement. To get a good 
lawn--a vigorous crop of plants covering all areas— requires some 
know-how, work, and expense. The best practice is to treat the whole 
area as if it were poor soil, Tucker says. 

He advocates these steps s 

1. Establish the proper slope for the lawn so that drainage 
is away from all buildings. 

2. Add plenty of fertilizer— five pounds or more of 3-12-12 
commercial fertilizer per 100 square f eet--depending on the general 
fertility. Organic matter is beneficial for soil conditioning and 
for preventing erosion. Manure is excellent but may cause an un- 
desirable odor and introduce weeds and parasites. Straw, leaves, or 
sawdust may be used if extra nitrogen is added. If clover is included 
in the grass mixture, add 20 pounds of agricultural limestone per 100 
square feet. 

3. Work the ground into a fine condition, mixing the fertilizer 
well into the soil, and compact it with a lawn roller or other tool. 



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k. Scatter seed either by hand or with a seeder. A good lawn 
mixture for southern Illinois is Kentucky bluegrass and white Dutch 
clover applied at the rate of one or two ounces of each per 100 
square feet. If the lawn is mostly subsoil, include two to four 
ounces of lespedeza. Divide the seed and distribute one portion 
lengthwise and the other crosswise to obtain even distribution. 

5. Rake seed in lightly and hope for a rainy spell. If rain 
does not come, sprinkle the lawn generously each day for a week. 
Sprinkling may be reduced to twice the second week. 

Proper care the first year is important. Do not mow the young 
seeding until it as high as a lawnmover will take. Cut fairly 
high and leave clippings on the grass as a mulch to protect young 
plants and keep up fertility. Early predominance of legumes will 
give way later to dominance by bluegrass. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111., — Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTIONS FARM EDITORS 

SIU COUNTRY COLUM N 

By Albert Meyer 

Southern Illinois farmers planting wheat, either as a cash grain 
crop or a companion crop for legumes, should not overlook the value 
of phosphorus. Wheat will respond better to an application of 
superphosphate than it will to rock phosphate, according to an 
agronimist at SIU. If wheat land is low in phosphorus, apply at 
least 200 pounds of superphosphate per acre. 

Of course, the intelligent thing to do is to test fields 
adequately to determine what the soil actually needs and where 
applications are required. 



Two years of experimental work at SIU and elsewhere have 
shown that application of nitrogen in the fall during wheat planting 
is just as good as applying it in the spring. In fact, it has been 
a little better at SIU, but weather factors may have influenced 
the result somewhat. Proving most profitable are applications of 
25 to 30 pounds of nitrogen per acre. 



Southern Illinois soils tend to be deficient in boron, a traie 
element which is necessary for good crop growth. Any deficiency 
is noticeable particularly in alfalfa. The situation may be remedied 
easily and inexpensively by scattering borax perano on the field at 
the rate of 20 to 35 pounds per acre. Alfalfa production may 
be increased noticeably through this process. 

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Farmers seeding legumes this fall should not overlook seed 
innoculation. To innoculate with the correct strain of legume 
bacteria will increase forage yields up to double that of non- 
innoculated seed, according to tests. 



Spring' pullets should bo in full egg production by this time, 
usually the season at which egg prices are the highest. 



L healthy poultry flock is essential to success in the business. 
Cleanliness is the best measure for controling poultry diseases, 

After a poultry breeding flock has been blood tested, get rid 
of all reactors immediately and thoroughly clean the poultry house 
and premises to prevent reinfection. 

All sick chickens found in the flock must be isolated immediate- 
ly. The worry of disposing of dead birds may be eliminated by a well- 
constructed poultry burial pit. 



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NEWS from Eill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 

(RELEASE AT 10 A oil. CST SATURDAY,. October 16) 

ST. LOUIS, OCT. 16 — Big cities threaten the collapse of our 
democratic way of life by making "satellites" of small, independent 
communities, a renowned philosopher charged here today. 

The metropolitan area cannot survive without small towns but "at 
present it is a parasite on them about to destroy the host," said Prof 
Baker Brownell, author of "The Human Community" and director of Area 
Services at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. 

"Though armed conquest by cities or their privateers is not now 
customary," Brownell told a workshop on Religion and Rural Life at 
St. Louis University, "few of them hesitate to support what economic 
and social power they may have to undermine their small neighbors, 
capture their banks and businesses, absorb their schools and churches, 
and in general destroy the economic and cultural autonomy of the 
little place." 

To incorporate small communities, the metropolitan area — 
whether it be St. Louis, Chicago, New York or Sioux City — masks 
aggression with inducements about better (jrand opera, bigger art 
museums, more expert symphony orchestras, more enlightened social 
agencies and social repair services, and streamlined business 
efficiencies. 

"The results of this conquest are wide bands of satellite towns, 

or extinquished ones, layered among vast fringes of disorder, junk 

and social decay," brownell declared. "Here live a satellite people, 
literally sub-urban, millions of them, free in terms of a few slogans, 
but in jobs, amusements, communications, and general culture largely 
dependent on the initiatives of a few absentee executives deep in 
the recesses of the metropolis." 

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Brownell said not everything urban was bad and cited some of the 
values and beauties of the treat city to indicate that lie was not 
"entirely ill tempered," but he criticized "the dominant groups in 
the cities" for their failure "to recognize either in policy cr 
behavior the value to them and to the country as a 'whole in the 
existence, the culture, and the potentialities of the independent 
little town." 

"The bland assumption of urban superiority may be , afuer all, 
only uncritical ignorance," he said* 

"To say that the city... is a complete and self ■•r.-.n '-/; •: g process... 
is to ignore the fact that the city is continually renewed biologi- 
cally, economically, culturally and spiritually from processes and 
reserves that in no way can be called urban," Brownoi.l stated. 

For example, he said, only four cities of 100 >00C population or 
more in this country produce enough children to maintain their 
population level while in less congested areas "the biological 
environment is more favorable and children have a greater functional 
value and are more desired." On the other hand, Brownell estimated, 
about 5 9 000,000 people roared in non-metropolitan areas migrate to 
the cities every 10 years. 

"The big city needs the little places for population renewal 
while at the same time these little places are being extinguished/' 
he asserted. 

Brownell accused the cities of draining off the productive 

youth from rural communities after their upbringing and education had 

been financed at home. Though these individuals are plunged into the 

"vast anonymity" of the city, they bring with them the moral and 

social responsibility that life in a fragmented urban society cannot 

create. 

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j • • • • 

In the city, the human being necessarily lives in fragments, 

knowing only pieces of people, and other people know only pieces of 
him, Brownell explained. Under such conditions, personal and moral 
integration in the community is impossible, and this is the major 
cause of high rates of crime, suicide, juvenile delinquency and 
other ills. 

"Only because it is carried over directly or indirectly from 
true community life is this basic integration, cr integrity, present 
at all," he charged, 

"Though the little places also may be spiritually defeated and 
corrupt," Brownell said, "it remains true that only the small 
community, such as the family, the little town and the rural 
neighborhood, can create the patterns of responsibility and morals 
necessary to our social survival. 

He cautioned that big; cities should learn to "recognize little 
towns as their equals with whom a pattern of mutual respect, mutual 
concessions and risk, and mutual advantages must be worked out in 
any cooperative project. Brownell cited the Central Illinois 
Community Betterment Program through which the city of Bloomington 
cooperates v/ith community councils of five nearby small towns, and he 
said it was a "shining success" in helping all the towns to prosper. 

Brownell was formerly chairman of the philosophy department at 
Northwestern University and director of the famed Montana Study 
in IShh-kS. He authored several philosophic works, including "The 
Philosopher In Choas" and "Earth Is Enough," and edited a 
score of books, most of them integrating the arts and science to 
modern living . 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone; 1020 Releases IfaMBDIuTE 

Number 33 in a weekly scries— "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — 
a series consisting of regional folklore and historical accounts 
suitable for feature, column or editorial use. 

TR T, BIRD OF EVIL SPIRIT 

By John VI. Allen (Please include 
Southern Illinois University this "credit" line) 

People passing alone the river highway north of Alton sec a 
strange painting on the smooth face of the bluff. This picture is 
about 30 feet long and eight feet high. It represents a beast or 
bird widely known in Indian legends and called the Piasa or "Bird of 
Evil Spirit." 

The present picture,-, placed there a few years ago, is a faith- 
ful reproduction of the original one made by the Indians and carefully 
sketched by an artist on April 30, 1325. The first picture was really 
a shallow carving or petroglph that had been painted over in red, 
green and black. It remained well preserved until the winter of 
l8^6- ! +7, when the rock whore it was located was quarried away« 

The monster pictured must have been most hideous indeed. Its 

body somewhat resembled that of an alligator. Each foot had enornpus 

talons, like those of a bird of prey and, according to legend, strong 

enough: to carry a buffalo. The head of the beast, on an upright 

neck, somewhat resembled that of a man. The ears were pointed, eyes 

red and staring. Its teeth were large and sharply pointed. Its 

antlers resembled those of a deer, and its beard that of a tiger, 

It bore a fiendish look. 

The body was covered with scales or feathers of assorted colors. 

The tail was long enough to return over the back and head, then 

underneath the entire length of the body, ending like that of a fish. 
The enormous bat<-likc wings were carried erect. The picture is said 
to have been so horrible that few of the most daring Indians could 
look long upon it. 

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According to the Indian legend this bird or beast had its home 
in a high cave in the bluff* At first its diet was serpents, and the 
Indians did not fear it so greatly • One day, however, while two 
tribes of Indians were engaged in a fierce battle alongside the 
bluff, the Piasa swooped down, seized two warriors, carried them 
away, and feasted upon them. 

Having tasted human flesh and found it pleasing, the eating 
habits of the beast changed. It no -longer hunted serpents. Adults 
and children alike, often several in a day, were carried away to be 
eaten. It appeared that all might be devoured. The Indians wore 
accordingly filled with a great dread. 

After their medicine men had tried many devices but had failed 
to control the beast, a young and bravo chief of the powerful 
Illinois, named Wassatoga, began a solitary fast. After many days 
a vision came to him. The tribe could be saved only if a living 
sacrifice were offered. Wassatoga called a council and told of his 
vision. He, himself, agreed to stand as a victim and if necessary, 
to give his life to save the tribe. 

On the day chosen, the young chief and twenty of his most trust- 
ed warriors repaired to a prominent rocky point. Armed and in 
gorgeous war dress, Wassatoga took his position on an exposed rock 
where he easily could be seen from great distances. His sturdy 
warriors, with their most powerful bows, hid themselves in the niehos 
of the nearby rocks. All awaited the coming of the Piasa, 

In a short time Wassatoga beheld the monster perched upon a 
distant point of the bluff. Standing very erect and in full view 
of the Bird of Evil Spirits, Wassatoga began his death chant. 

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3 

With a great shriek end with each swoop of its vines £ivin t r . off 

the sound of thunder, the Piasa dived toward its intended victim. 
Bolts of lightning flashed from its eyes. The young chief stood 
defiantly atop the rock. When the beast had come very near, the 
twenty warriors hidden among the nearby rocks loosed their arrows 
with all the force the powerful bows afforded. According to the 
legend, these "quivering arrows pierced the monster through to their 
feathers." The Piasa fell dead against the rock upon which Wassatoga 
stood. The tribe had been saved J 

The Indians, to commemorate their fortunate rescue, carved and 
painted the picture of the beast high upon the face of the cliff. 

The first records of white men to mention the Piasa were those 
Father Marquette set down in 1673. Fathers Hennepin and Douay 
mention it in their accounts. Father Gene St. Cosmo tells of seeing 
it in 1699. No other mention of it has been found, until .more than 
100 years had elapsed. 

This picture of the Piasa was accounted as the greatest Indian 
paintin£ found in North America. It was apparently an outgrowth of 
the widely-held belief of all North American Indians in the Thunder- 
Bird, a kind of a rod of storms. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondalc, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

(NOTE LOCAL NAMES) 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Southern Illinois University basketball coach 
Lynn Holder will have eight lettermen, 11 other veterans and 24 promising fresh- 
men to work with when practice starts Oct. 15. 

Captain Gib Kurtz, six-foot senior guard from East St. Louis, heads a list 
of returning veterans which includes juniors: Dick Blythe, Hammond Ind., Jack 
Morgan, C a rbondale, Gene Tabacchi, Auburn, and Pete Baggett, Marion, and sophomores: 
Gordon Lambert, Marion, Wayman Holder, Carbondale, and Bill Wood, Lawrenceville. 

Lost through graduation this spring was Jacque Theriot, last year's captain 
and chief ball handler. Theriot led last year's squad to a 12-11 season record 
and a 7-5 IIAC Conference mark. 

Eleven cagers who didn't see enough action last season to earn letters are: 
senior David Stroup, Carbondale, junior Ed Upton, McLeansboro, and these 
sophomores; Bill Kalin, Bluford; Jim Shaw, Grand Chain; Jim Good, Robinson, Don 
Tresh, New Athens; John Gelch, Sesser; Norby Vogel, Valmeyer; Larry Havens, Hurst 
Bush; Jack Burke, Herrin; and Jerry Cooksey, Centralia. 

Several outstanding prep stars are among Holder's freshman group. They 
include: Larry Whitlock, 6-5 center of the Mt. Vernon state champs last year; 
Marion Rushing, 6-3 star forward of Pinckneyville's 1953-54 third place winners 
in the state tourney; and Carl Smith, 6-3 Herrin forward, who was one of the best 
rebounders in Southern Illinois prep basketball last season. 

Other leading freshman prospects are: 

Alton - Cleveland Hammonds Gillespie - Bill Smith 

Cairo - Norman Thomas Hillsboro - Larry Turness 

Carbondale - Gordon Cozadd Natich, Mass. - Robert Wells 

Carrier Mills - Ron Culbreth New York City, N. Y. - Morton 
Dexter, Missouri - Gene Abernathy Lichtenstein and Jack Sweeny 

East St. Louis - Joe Lynch Princeton - Dick Small 

Effingham - Julian Dachke, Leroy Tabor Sparta - Fred Wright 
Galatia - Bob Orto, Joe Upchurch, Sam Duane Vandalia - Herb Barenfanger 

Southern will play host to Milikin University of Decatur in the season 

opener Dec. 4. . 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. —Phone; 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

F-I-L-L-E-R-S 
By John W. Allen 

(SIU) - Hamletsburg in Pope County was named for Hamlet Ferguson. 

(SIU) - A passage through the hills in the northern part of Pope 
County, known as Thacker's Gap, was named for Ben Thacker, an early settler. 
B e ginning at the little town of Herod it extends northward. This gap afforded 
the best route through the hills for immigrants crossing the Ohio near Elizabeth- 
town and going toward St. Louis. It was long a noted road for immigrants. 



(SIU) When fire destroyed the first "Old Main" of Southern Illinois 
University in November, 1883, only two days were lost from regular classwork. 



(SIU) - Robbs in Pope County is a one man town, being almost entirely 
owned by Albert L. Robbs. 



(SIU) - A man answering to the somewhat strange name of Cornhill 
Ballard was an early blacksmith in Sparta. He made plows, hoes, and other 
farm implements. 

(SIU) - The village of Red Bud was named because of the large 
number of red bud trees that flourished there. The first settlement was west 
of the present one. 

(SIU) - William Morrison, an early merchant of the Kaskaskia region, 
shipped <*,ne flatboat load of furs in 1790 valued at more than $34,000. 

(SIU) - Pierre M e nard, trusted friend and trader with the Indians, 
was the first lieutenant governor of the State of Illinois. He built the 
home that st^ll stands at the foot of the bluff below Fort Kaskaskia, It 
is one of the noted historical houses of the state. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

F-I-L-L-E-R-S 
Estimates are that nearly half of the students at Southern Illinois 
University earn at least one-fourth of their expenses by part-time work in 
school or at home* 



More than 600 students at Southern Illinois University do part-time 
work for the university to help with their school expenses. 



More than half r>f the library items at Southern Illinois University 
cannot be housed in the SIU library because of lack of space. 

The Southern Illinois University athletic teams' nickname, "Saluki," 
is the name of a breed of swift hunting dog, the oldest pure breed in the 
world. Salukis were used as hunters in ancient Egypt. 



Records of the Saluki dog, from which Southern Illinois University 
athletic teams take their nickname, date back to 3600 B.C. 



Forests in the 16 southern counties of Illinois contain 2,691,000,000 
board feet of saw timber, according to Richard Lane forester in charge of the 
Carbondale Forest Research Cent«r at Southern Illinois University. 



(SIU) - A farmer may earn $1.10 an hour for his surplus labor by 
properly managing a good farm woodland, according to a forestry study at the 
Kaskaskia Experimental Forest in Hardin County. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — One-hundred-and-sixty-eight Korean army officers 

staged a surprise invasion of Southern Illinois University's campus this week 

(Oct. 13) when their special train from Oakland, Calif., to Ft. Benning, Ga., was 

delayed 10 hours in Carbondale. 

The officers, just arrived in the United States as part of the Mutual Defense 

Assistance Pact, were on their way to Ft. Benning to receive basic training when 

they received a wire to take their time, that the army training center needed a 

few more hours to prepare for their coming. 

Southern Illinois University rolled out the welcome mat and entertained the 

officers with lunch, movies, tours, dinner, and plenty of opportunity to take 

pictures. 

Accompanying the officers was Captain John Pennino of the Korean Military 

« 

Advisory Group who is acting as counselor for the men. In command was 26-year-old 

Korean, Lt. Col. Choi Min Do, who, speaking through an interpreter, said the 

officers are all between the ages of 25-28 and that they all carry some sort of 

battle scar. 

"During the fighting we realized that the best way to fight with the Americans 

was to fight their way. We are going to Ft. Benning where we will spend six months 

going through your basic training course," the Lt. Col. explained. 

The 10th and largest such Korean officer unit to arrive in the U.S., the 

men pointed with pride to Major Chong Bai Kim, who holds more citations than any- 
one else in their group and has been awarded the coveted presidential citation. 

On a visit to the first grade of the University school at Southern, Lt. Col. 
Do told the wide-eyed children, "I am sorry to speak to you through an interpreter. 
At Ft. Benning I shall try to learn in six months what you have learned so well in 
six years — the English language." 

He then gave the youngsters a snappy salute. One bright-eyed little boy 
forgot his amazement long enough to salute right back. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Area educators will converge on 
Southern Illinois University's campus Oct. 29 (Friday) when the 
southern division of the Illinois Education Association holds its 
annual meeting. 

The program is being planned by Robert Mc Kinney, Marion, 
superintendent of schools. 

Dr. Victor Randolph, SIU professor and outgoing president of 
the association, will introduce the new president, Taft Baker, 
Carterville superintendent of schools. John Allen of the SIU 
Division of Area Services, will give the welcoming address. 

The Rev. Charles Howe of the First Presbyterian church, 
Carbondale, will give the invocation. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., Oct. — Seven years of woodland management on a 24-acre 

tract at the Kaskaskia Experimental Forest in Hardin county have yielded $800 

in woodland products without decreasing the total volume of saw timber. During 

the same period the annual per acre growth has increased from 175 to 257 board 

feet. 

Management practices giving these results were pointed out Wednesday 

(Oct. 13) to nearly 60 persons attending the second annual Farm Forestry Field 

Day at the Forest. The daylong activities included woodland tours; discussions 

on forest management, log grading, and lumber grades; demonstration; and timber 

volume and marking contests. 

The field day was sponsored jointly by the Carbondale U.S. Forest Research 

Center, Southern Illinois University, the University of Illinois Agriculture 

Extension Service, the Illinois Agricultural Association, the Illinois Division 

of Forestry, and the Illinois Central Railroad. 

During a tour of the farm woodland management area the visiting farmers, 

foresters, farm advisers, and soil conservationists noted how unwanted trees 

had been girdled and left to die, how young trees left showed vigorous growth 

and promised high quality, how cutting timber aided restocking, and how trees 

reaching maturity wore harvested annually in such a way as to improve the 

remaining stand. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Thirty high school bands from southern 
Illinois will march in the annual Southern Illinois University Home- 
coming parade Saturday (Oct. 23), according to Don Merry, Hillsboro, 
student homecoming parade committee co-chairman. 

The bands, led by the SIU marching band, will join some 25 or 
30 decorated floats and stunts in a two mile parade that will move 
through the Carbondale business district to the campus. Homecoming 
trophies will be awarded in float competition. 

The parade will be only one of many features of the annual 
celebration, beginning with a campus pep rally, bonfire, and student 
parade Wednesday evening (Oct. 20). 

Andy Marcec, East St. Louis, student homecoming chairman, today 
announced the following order of events s 

THURSDAY (Oct. 21) s Homecoming assembly in HcAndrew Stadium, 
10 a.m. 

The homecoming queen will be crowned in a public ceremony in 
Shryock Auditorium at 7°30 p.m. in an atmosphere of pomp and pageantry 
The queen's reception will follow at the 3IU president's home. 

FRIDAY (Oct. 22) s The homecoming play, "Bell, Book and Candle, :| 
will be staged in Shryock Auditorium at 7 p.m. An informal outdoor 
dance will be held on the tennis courts after the play. Decorated 
student houses will be judged during the afternoon and evening. 

SATURDAY (Oct. 23); Open house and tours of Southern's new Life 
Science Building, 8^30 to 10 a.m. Student organisations will have 
morning and afternoon special events, 

(more) 



The homecoming parade begins at 10 a.m. 

The annual homecoming football game in MeAndrew Stadium will pit 
the SIU Salukis against a strong Michigan Normal team at 2 p.m. 

The formal homecoming dance in the Men ! s Gymnasium begins at 
9° 30 p.m. with Tex Beneke's orchestra furnishing the music, Beneke 
will present a one-hour concert in Shryock Auditorium at 7s 30 preced- 
ing the dance. 

High school bands scheduled to march in the homecoming parade 
are i Carbondale Community and Carbondale Attucks, Anna Cairo, 
Cairo Sumner, Carrier Mills, Carterville, Carlyle, Christopher, 
Coulterville, Crossville, Dongola, Dupo, DuQuoin, East Alton-Wood 
River, Eldorado, Freeburg, Hillsboro, Herrin, Litchfield, Madison, 
Murphysboro, New Athens, New Baden, Pinckneyville, Roxana, Sesser, 
Shawnee of Wolf Lake, Trico of Campbell Hill, and Waterloo. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — R. Allen Ryker, 21, Wright City, Mo., has been 
added to the staff of the Carbondale U.S. Forest Research Center at Southern 
Illinois University as a junior forester, Richard Lane, forester in charge, 
announced today. 

Ryker is the second recent staff addition under the Research Center's 
expansion program. He will assist members of the research staff. An August 6 
graduate of the University of Missouri with a bachelor of science in forestry, 
Ryker has been employed since September by the Missouri Conservation Commission. 

He is a member of the Society of American Foresters and has been president 
of the University of Missouri chapter of Xi Sigma Pi, honorary forestry fraternity, 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — County chairmen and committee members of the 
Illinois Commission on Children and Youth will meet in the Studio Theater of 
the University school at Southern Illinois University Tues. (Oct. 19) from 
10:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. for an institute and workshop. 

Presiding at the morning session will be Harold Robbins, Carmi, chairman of 
Region VI advisory committee. Mrs. Elmer Davis, Pana, member of the executive 
committee, will preside at the afternoon session when Mrs. Roy Ide, Jr., secretary 
of the SIU Educational Council of 100, will act as discussion leader. 

Speakers and their subjects during the morning session will be Stewart 
Pearce, chairman of the citizen* s committee, Carmi — "Activities in White 
County;" Alice Beardslee, SIU department of community development, — "Activities 
in Eldorado;" and Naomi Hiett, Springfield, executive secretary of the Illinois 
Commission on Children and Youth, — "The Program and Functions of the Commission 
and Its Relationship to County and Community Committees." 

Resource personnel will represent regional offices of the Illinois Public 
Aid Commission, Department of Public Welfare, Child Welfare Service; Institute 
for Juvenile Research; Illinois Youth Commission; Division of Services for 
Crippled Children; Department of Public Health; Division of Vocational Rehabilita- 
tion; and the Illinois Commission on Children and Youth* 






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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phonex 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Seven new six weeks' short courses in agriculture 
for Southern Illinois farmers, offered by the Southern Illinois University Division 
of Technical and Adult Education and cooperating high schools, will begin during 
November, according to Lee Kolmer, SIU supervisor of odult education in 
agriculture. 

SIU Agriculture department faculty members will teach the courses which wili 
meet one night weekly in designated centers. There will be no enrollment fee 
for the classes. All classes will begin at 7:30 p.m. 

The place, first meeting date, course title, and instructor are: 

1. Cobden High School, November 2, soils and crops, taught by Joseph P. 
Vavra, SIU agronomist. 

2. Ann High School, November 9, " dairy production, Howard H. 01son> 
SIU dairy specialist. 

3. Christopher High School, November 9, farm marketing, Lee Kolmer, SIU 
marketing specialist. 

4. McLeansboro High School, November 9, swine production, William G. 
Kammlade, Jr., SIU animal .husbandryman. 

5. Dahlgren High School, November 11, crop production, Herbert Portz, SIU 
agronomist. 

6. B G nton High School, November 10, farm management, Carroll V. Hess, 
supervisor of test farms at SIU. 

7. Trico School at Campbell Hill, November 18, tractor maintenance, Fred 
Roth, SIU agricultural engineer. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — A Southern Illinois University professor contends 
that Americans have practiced a youth cult so long they have come to look on 
old age as a kind of scourge. 

J. S. McCrary, sociologist, points out that in 1790 the average population 
age was 16 but that by April 1950, it had almost doubled. At the last census- 
taking, the number of persons under 20 had only increased four-fold while that of 
persons over 60 had been multiplied 18 times. 

"Our youth cult is characterized by inadequate social and economic planning 
for aged persons, conflict between generations, and misunderstandings and hard 
feelings among the aged and non-aged," says the sociologist. 

"We have tried to ignore the fact that we are growing older population-wise 
In trying to prolong a society slanted to young people, we have worked ourselves 
into a frenzy against the supposed enemy, old age. We assume that we can solve 
this problem by arbitrarily retiring old people from the American scene of action." 

Nothing can be further from the truth, says McCrary. "Old and young people 
alike need to feel socially useful. Social workers reveal through their case wo.vk 
that golden agers can contribute a great deal to society." 

In a winter term course McCrary will consider the problems of old age and 
what can be done about them. The class will meet at 6:30 p.m. Wednesdays for 
three hours of credit. 

"Problems of old age should be of particular interest to Southern Illinois 
students of sociology and psychology since this area has a greater percentage of 
persons over 65 years of age than any other comparable area in Illinois," 
McCrary points out. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Louise Leonard Wright, nationally-known authority 
on foreign relations, will speak in the University school of Southern Illinois 
University at 7:30 p.m. Tues. (Oct. 19) on "People-to-People Diplomacy." 

The occasion will be an area-wide public meeting in observance of United 
Nations Week (Oct. 17-24 ) sponsored by the SIU International Relations Club 
and the Southern Illinois Association for the United Nations. 

Since 1951 Mrs. Wright has been midwest director of the Institute for 
International Education, which supervises the exchange of foreign students in 
the United States. 

She served as a member of the American delegations to the UNESCO conference 
in Paris, Mexico City, and Beirut, 1946-48, and to the World Health assembly in 
Rome in 1949. She was on the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO from 1945-50. 

From 1942-51, Mrs. Wright was director of the Chicago Council on Foreign 
Relations. She is an author, editor, and well-known public speaker, and is the 
wife of Dr. Quincy Wright, prominent professor of international law at the 
University of Chicago. 

SIU President and Mrs. D. W. Morris will be hosts at a reception for Mrs. 
Wright and Southerns students from foreign countries from 3:30 to 4:30 p.m. 
Tuesday (Oct. 19). 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., — Oct. <-- Speaking at the annual dinner meeting of the 
Southern Illinois School Masters club held at Southern Illinois University Tuesday 
night (Oct. 19) Douglas E. Lawson, dean of the SIU college of education said, 
"A school administrator may be a skilled technician at his job, yet if he lacks 
humaneness he does not measure up professionally." 

He brought out that much is made of the need for a school man to be a man 
of action, a good business man, public relations expert, "but too little is said 
about him being a warm, sympathetic, human being." 

Dean Lawson, a man who has helped prepared- many school administrators for 
their jobs, told the schoolmen, "A skilled technician might very likely discharge 
a disgruntled teacher, but a humane school leader will do every thing possible to 
rebuild the teacher's job to fit her special abilities. 

The dean qualified his remark by saying that the school's first obligation is 
the students, but he emphasized that a poor teacher is often helped to become a 
good teacher through a change in assignment. 

Considering the hypothetical case of a teacher who is old or who shows signs 

of being mentally disturbed or emotionally ill, Dean Lawson advised an adroit 

channeling of the teacher's activities into a department where she can feel useful 

but be relieved of direct responsibility for children. 

Dean Lawson went on to say that a humane administrator is never too busy to 

see any person who has a problem. "His door is open at all times to teachers, 

pupils, and parents alike. He doesn't arbitrarily decide that a problem is not 

important before he has heard it expressed. He gives as careful attention to the 

problem of a janitor as he does to that of a board member or leading town politician" 



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Terming the school administrator "dangerous who lacks a broad educational 
background on which he can build a philosophy of life," Dean Lawson quoted Ernest 
Melby, dean of the college of education of New York University who said, "Technicians 
and experts without social orientation can serve alternately rightist and leftists, 
dictators." , 

He cautioned the schoolmen to develop humaneness and broad social perspective 
along with their technical skill, "The good administrator has careful training in 
professional education and a broad background in the humanities. The first gives 
him technical proficiency, but the second is ^essential for perspective and social 
understanding." 



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NEWS from Bill Lvons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

SIU COUNTRY C OLUMN 
By Albert Meyer 

Persons who soon expect to transplant shrubs or small trees ought 
to be planning where they are to be placed. Mcst such plants may bo trans- 
planted satisfactorily after the leaves have fallen in autumn or early winter, 



In transplanting shrubs and trees dig a large enough hole in the soil 
to permit roots to be spread in their new home as they were in their original 
location. Then prune the tops by thinning out the branches so as to balance 
with the roots. Such pruning should be a thinning practice which will help the 
plant develop in its natural shape. 



In planting flowering shrubs or hardy flowering plants, group placing 
usually is better for ornamental attractiveness than is planting in a single row. 



Here is an idea for storing semi -perishable produce out of doors during 
the winter months in southern Illinois. It is an application of the old pit- 
type storage that man has used since pioneer days. 

Just dig a good-sized hole in the ground and place in it a large tile set 
upright, filling in the space around it with soil. Cover with some kind of 
removable lid and put such cool storage produce as turnips and apples inside. 
The foods will keep well and there will be no layers of dirt to scratch through 
in removing some. Additional insulating material — straw, leaves, or similar 
coverage — may be needed over the lid of the tile during more extreme temperature 
drops to keep the produce from freezing. 



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2 

Farmers who are milking cows and wondering about their production 
plans for the next year might take a look at three factors that will in- 
fluence the returns. 

1. The 1954 milk output will be nearly 125 billion pounds, an increase 
of nearly 3.9 billion pounds over 1953 even though there was a sharp seasonal 
production drop as a result of hot dry weather. 

2. There still are a few more daily cows than there were in 1953 — about 
300,000 more. That is not as fast as they had been growing in numbers but 
still indicates a heavier fall and winter milk production. 

3. Condensery milk prices are considerably lower than average when 
considered in comparison to hog and beef prices. 

Even though the number of cows on dairy farms may decline as farmers 
make adjustments because of lower prices, the future volume of milk pro- 
duction may continue to be large. This could come from having better cows, 
improved roughages, and better pasture and herd management, 

In today* s highly competitive agricultural business the farmer needs 
to consider all the angles and try to adjust his farming program accordingly. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., — The 1954 Southern Illinois University homecoming 
dance will be held in the Carbondale National Guard armory Saturday night 
(Oct. 23) instead of in the Men's Gymnasium on campus as reported earlier, 
says Andy Marcec, East St. Louis, student homecoming chairman. 

Gymnasium floor repairs and crowded conditions at previous homecoming 
dances have prompted moving this year's dance to the larger armory facilities. 
Tex Beneke and his orchestra will furnish music for the dance, beginning at 9:30 
p.m. 

The formal dance will bring to a climax a series of activities beginning 
with a student pep rally Wednesday (Oct.. 20). 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — The Air Force ROTC rifle team at Southern 
Illinois University avenged a loss to North Texas State Teachers College by 
defeating Southwest Texas State Teachers College by 76 points in its second match 
of the season, it was reported today. 

T/Sgt. Gordon Hansen said the top five scorers of SIU netted 1844 points, 
compared to 1778 for the Texas school, Results were exchanged by mail. 

Top scorers for SIU and their totals (out of a possible 400 points) were: 
Joe Racine, Benton, 375$ Carl House, Whittington, 374; Gerald Sanner, Bunker Hill, 
373j Denny Coleman, Shawneetown, 369, and Curtis H use, Whittington, 353. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Too many gardeners overlook the value of 
a green winter cover crop for their vegetable gardens, says William T. 
Andrew, vegetable specialist at Southern Illinois University. 

A surprising number of persons lose interest in the garden when the 
vegetable harvest is finished. They just leave old plants and weeds lie on 
the ground to harbor insects and diseases until the gardening interest hits 
again in the spring. Such lack of a good cover crop fosters soil erosion 
and allows plant nutrients to leach or wash away. 

Almost any good green crop will look better in the winter than a 
garden plot of left-over vegetable plants and mud. Andrew suggests winter 
rye rather than legumes for a cover crop because it will produce more organic 
matter in shorter time. Organic matter is what many garden soils in southern 
Illinois need, he says. Nitrogen fertilizer may be added to the soil to take 
the place of that which might have been fixed from the air by legumes. 

Sow the rye as soon as it is too late to plant another crop of vegetables. 
Broadcast two or three pounds of seed per 1,000 square feet of space and rake 
it into the soil with a garden rake or a hand cultivator. Rye may be sown 
between the rows of late vegetables a little before the first killing frosts 
occurs. In southern Illinois winter oats will serve well for cover. 

Rye (or oats) makes an excellent green manure crop to be plowed down in 
the spring when gardening time arrives. Its penetrating roots will hold the 
soil and will bring up plant nutrients where they will be available for 
shallow-rooted vegetables next year. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Southern Illinois University f s Salukis will high- 
light the 31st annual homecoming festivities Oct, 23 entertaining unbeaten 
Michigan Normal in McAndrow Stadium. 

The winless Salukis face an up-hill battle against the Hurons, who have 
given up only 13 points in five games while posting four shutouts, three in a row. 

The miserly Huron line has provided adequate protection for Quarterback 
Bob Middlekauff, who has established himself as the third ranked passer in the 
nation with 31 passes in 59 attempts for 404 yards and six touchdowns in his first 
four games. 

Southern's 24-7 loss to Northern Illinois compared with Normal's effortless 
34-0 victory over the Huskies gives Saluki Coach Bill O'Brien little reason for 
cheerfulness. The SIU boss happily reports that Fullback Bob Ems, number two 
ground gainer, will be back in uniform for the Normal clash. A tooth infection 
kept Bob on the sidelines last week. 

O'Brien will count heavily on Ems and Capt. Jack Schneider to match the 
precision passing of Middlekauff and the potent running of Hurons Bill Williams, 
Doug Wilkins, Virg Windom, and Hal Price. 

The Saluki line, sharp in all four appearances, will be strengthened with 
the addition of Ed Hayes, 220-pound freshman tackle from San Francisco,; Giles 
Sinkewiz, Belleville, utility man working at end, guard and center; and Freshmen 
Carl Teets, Frank Lee, Elgin; and Larry Parrish, Crystal Lake. 

Gene Tabacchi, Auburn junior, and Gerry Hart, West Frankfort sophomore, 
will share the quarterbacking duties; and Hank Warfield, Evansville, Ind., 
junior; Gene Ernest, Johnston City junior; Apnie Isola, Chicago freshman; move 
in the backfield slots with Ems and Schneider* 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT.— Marilyn Liebig, Belleville, and Ann Travelstead, 
Carbondale, formerly of Centralia, were principal candidates for 1954 Southern 
Illinois University homecoming queen as SIU students voted Wednesday (Oct. 20) for 
queen, members of the queen's court, and class officers. 

Identity of the queen and her court members will be revealed at coronation 
.ceremonies in Shryock auditorium Thursday (Oct. 21) at 7:30 p.m. 

Candidates for queen's court are June Evans, Goreville; Shirley Winstead, 
1739 Ohio street, East St. Louis; Barbara Gibbs, Farmersvillej and Dixie Buyan, 
Dowell. Three will be chosen. Two underclassmen attendants for the queen will be 
elected from four candidates — JoAnn Mclntire, Anna; JoAnn Arensman, Metropolis: 
Barbara Furst, Marion; and Lois Kalla, 2854 West 57th, Chicago. 

Miss Liebig, blonde junior elementary education major at SIU, was a homecoming 
attendant last year, queen of the 1953 ROTC Military Ball, and runnerup in the 
Spring Festival Miss Southern contest. She is a member of Delta Sigma Epsilon 
social sorority. 

Miss Travelstead, brunette senior home economics major, is backed by the 
Independent Student Association of which she is a member. She is a member of the 
Home Economics club, Girls Rally (a service organization), and the Sphinx club. 

The queen and her court will be presented at various homecoming functions 
following the coronation. Weekend activities include a homecoming play Friday 
evening, and a full day of festivities Saturday. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Charles C. Clayton, assistant to the publisher, 
St. Louis Globe-Democrat, will discuss experience in newspapering at Southern 
Illinois University Tuesday evening (Oct. 26), Howard R. Long, chairman of the 
SIU Journalism department, said today. 

Clayton will be the first speaker, for a new series of Jobs in Journalism 
meetings sponsored by the SIU Journalism Students Association and the Journalism 
Department* The educational program was started at SIU last year. 

The public meeting will be held in the Little Theater Playhouse on South 
Thompson street, beginning at 7:30 p.m. Clayton is past president of Sigma Delta 
Chi, national honorary journalism organization, and is the author of a journalism 
textbook, "Newspaper Reporting Today *" 

Members of the Southern Illinois chapter of Sigma Delta Chi will have a 6 p.m, 
dinner session in t he SIU Cafeteria the same evening and* later will join the 
group hearing Clayton, according to Long. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release 4 IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Area school and public health nurses will meet at 

a 
Southern Illinois University Thursday (Oct. 21) for/conference sponsored by the 

Illinois Department of Public H G alth and the State Office of Public Instruction. 

Host to the group will be the SIU health education department directed by 
Dr. Ralph Boatman. Registration will be at 9 a.m. and official greeting will be 
extended to the nurses by Dr. S. L» Andelman, Carbondale, regional health officer 
of the southern region. Conference chairman will be Mrs, Janet Mott, Golconda, 
supervising nurse for a four-county area. 

The keynote address will be delivered at 10 a.m. by H« J. Snowbarger, super- 
intendent of the General Telephone Company of Illinois who will give his views on 
how citizens can be activated to assist with public health work. 

Panel discussion on "How School Nurses can Enlist Parent Help for the School 
Health Program" will complete the morning session with participants being Mrs. 
George Carty, Marion, district P.T.A. director; Mrs. Phyllis Upson, DuQuoin, 
school nurse; Mrs. Maude Taylor, Golconda, teacher; and Hubert Sutton, superintendent 
of the Fairfield school unit. Moderator will be Dr. Boatman. 

Before lunch in the University cafeteria a movie, "School Health in Action," 
will be shown. In the afternoon discussion groups will be formed to consider ways ; 
in which nurses can help communities improve health standards. 

These discussion leaders will include Mary Kolesar, health director of the 
West Frankfort schools; Agnes Schmaeng, supervising nurse, Alexander-Pulaski bi- 
county health department; and Mrs. Mary Mercer, tuberculosis nurse, Marion county. 

Recorders for the discussion will be Ethel Mathias, school nurse, Harrisburg; 
Dorothy Munro, staff nurse, Lawrence-Wabash health department; and Marjorie 
McDowell, registered nurse, Olney. 

Advisers to the conference will be Mrs. Hazel O'Neal, nursing coordinator, 

Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction; Pearl Mayne, school health co- 
ordinator, Department of Public Health; and Mrs. Bertha Yonicek, consultant nurse, 
division of tuberculosis control, Department of Public Health, Springfield. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — As the first step in launching a new school-centered 
storm warning plan for Southern Illinois, A. Frank Bridges, Southern Illinois Univer- 
sity faculty member serving as civil defense coordinator for the area, will visit 10 

schools in three counties, Oct. 26-28. 

Accompanied by Merle G. Moore, civil defense coordinator for the public schools 

of Illinois, Bridges will visit high schools in Anna,Ca:vte:r/i.i...e, Cobc'en, Marion, 

Herrin, Johnston City, Benton, West Frankfort, and Christopher. 

Working through county superintendents, Bridges and Moore will offer consultant 

service in setting up ground observer corps among students. They also will help 

superintendents formulate warning systems most practical to their schools. 

According to Bridges;, a set warning procedure will not work in all counties or 

communities. In some counties it will be more feasible to communicate the initial 

alert by telephone; in others, by radio or messenger. 

The actual job of instructing observers will fall to the 4671st ground observers 

squadron in Springfield. Schools with such groups will be provided with telephone 
service direct to one of the filter stations at the expense of the U.S. Air ^orce. 

As ground observer corps members, students participate in periodical alert ex- 
ercises. Bridges and Moore will point out to superintendents that such groups (1) 
provide the school with a skilled lookout service that can be promptly placed on 
duty when needed; (2) avert or minimize disaster in a neighbor school? (3) offer good 
practice for responsible citizenship; and (4) serve a paramount role of importance in 

the event of war. 

"S c hool administrators are reluctant to inaugurate student drills as a protect- 
ive measure against possible A-bomb attack because such activities seem to create 
alarm and hysteria," Bridges says. "However, they arc willing to implement the 
storm warning plan which satisfies the demands of civil defense for protection in 

bombing situations. 

"Students who participate in the ground observers corps are supplied with 
official United States Air Force identification cards. After demonstrating c 

proficiency they are awarded their 'wings 9 and presented with official United States 
Air Corps pins." -br- 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. —Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — A rugged pre-homecoming football practice cost 
Southern Illinois University Coach Bill O'Brien two varsity linemen. 

Utility man Giles Sinkewiz, Belleville sophomore, was lost for the remainder 
of the season with a broken armo Veteran senior tackle Cliff Johnson, Cairo, 
sprained an ankle and will miss the homecoming tilt with unbeaten Michigan 
Normal. Sinkewiz handled guard, center, and end slots, sometimes filling in at 
all three during the course of one game. Last year Sinkewiz was sidelined half the 
season with a broken leg*. 

Oth®r casulaties on O'Brien* s roster include Fullback Bob Ems, Fisher, out 
with a tooth infection and leg injury and Quarterback Gerry Hart, West Frankfort, 
leg injury. 

The Salukis will be trying for their first win in four starts against 
Michigan Normal's Hurons in the 31st homecoming game at 2 p.m. Saturday (Oct. 23). 
Southern dropped a 37-0 decision to the Hurons at Ypsilanti last year. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.,— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

Number 84 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

FOLKLOR E 

By John W. Allen (Please include this 
Southern Illinois University "credit" line) 

Plans for a regional folk festival at Carbondale in the early spring are 
being discussed. Sarah Gertrude Knott, founder of the National Folk Festival 
and its director in each of the twenty years since its founding, has been at 
Southern Illinois University during the past month, helping to make and coordinate 
plans for such an event. Interest has been aroused among many, but some still 
ask, "Just what is folklore, anyway?" 

A condensed definition is-not easy to give. Perhaps it would be best to 
explain and offer illustrative examples. First of all, folklore is old— 5n fact 
as old as our civilization. Primitive men gathered in caves, in the rude shelters 
they contrived and about camp fires. At these gatherings they told their stories, 
related their experiences, chanted their songs, recited their legends and per- 
formed their dances and rituals. Women crooned lullabies to their infants. 
Instructions in crafts and skills were passed along. Beliefs and superstitions 
were stated. Riddles, remedies and charms were given. 

In early cultures it was only by word of mouth and by demonstration that 
man could pass on to others his accumulated wisdom. When printing came into use, 
the old process slowly declined. 

It was, until recent years, a common custom to go calling on neighbors in the 
evening and "set until bedtime." Stories, songs, recounting of personal ex- 
periences, yarns, and mere chatter filled the evening. With the waning of 1his 
old custom folklore likewise waned* 

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2 

In the process of passing our lore along by word of mouth, those relating it 
naturally sought to improve it or to make it more interesting. There waa also the 
tendency to give the story a local setting and to relate it to known persons. The 
same basic story remains, but is somewhat adapted to the local situation. An 
example is a story told for centuries along the valley of the Rhine River in 
Germany. This story from German lore was taken by Washington Irving, relocated 
in the valley of the Hudson in N e w York State, and is known to us as The Legend 
of Sleepy Hollow. A mythical headless horseman that local lore once had riding 
along the lonely highways of the Rhine Valley likewise came to America and rode 
our woodland trails. Before entirely disappearing from the roster of fanciful 
figures, a similar horseman rode along the trail that passed Lakey*s cabin in 
the present city of McLeansboro. 

Hundreds of years ago a young maiden with her clothing ablaze ran shriek? ng 
about an old castle in Scotland until burned to death. Thereafter the spirit of 
this girl would return and her shrieks could be heard as warnings of an approaching 
death. This legend became that of the banshee. Just a few years ago an old 
gentleman, with solemn face, reported to the author the wailing of the banshee 
near his home on the Ohio. TO him it presaged the death of a neighbor, then 
seriously ill. 

In Scotland, Lord Randall, a young Scottish nobleman, rides "out of the West." 

In America this Lord Randall became Johnnie Randall, a cowboy. The nightingale 

of Europe became the mockingbird or meadowlark* In much this same manner other 

stories, songs and legends from other lands have been accepted and adapted to the 

local scene. 

America has contributed much to folklore. A distinctive contribution has 

been our tall tales, ones in which the supposedly impossible is done. Paul 

Bunyan, fabled hero of the northern lumber camps, strode across the land and left 

countless footprints that filled with water to form the great chain of lakes across 
the northern United States. The exploits of Paul Buyan and his blue ox~42 ax 
handles and a plug of Star Tobacco between horn tips— came to fill many volumes. 

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Tony B e aver, according to legend a cousin of Paul, did the impossible in 
the woodland of West Virginia, Mike Fink, the legendary hero of flatboat days, 
almost jumped across the Mississippi, turning back in midair only when he 
sensed that he would fall a few yards short of his goal. 

John Chapman planted bushels of appleseeds along the roadways of Ohio and 
Indiana. Today he lives as the legendary character, Johnny Applcseed. Davy 
Crockett could ride the sun around the world, and did ride his pet alligator up 
Niagara Falls. P G cos Bill, cowboy hero, used a mountain lion for a steed and 
a rattlesnake as a riding whip. 

Captain Kidd, Daniel Boone, Jesse James, Billy the Kid, Buffalo Bill, 
Kit Carson, Bat Masterson, Annie Oakley, Calamity Jane, and many other real 
persons half-clothed in legend came to enrich our stock of orel literature. 

Much of our folklore has passed into the forgotten and more is passing. 
However, much of the old lore lingers in Southern Illinois and the adjacent 
sections of Indiana, Kentucky and Missouri. The entire region is a rich one 
for those interested in the lore that did so much to shape an earlier cOlture. 



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HEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111. -Phono 1020 



Release : IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Southern Illinois communities are 
being encouraged to sponsor square dances, story-telling gatherings 
and ballad singing in preparation for a proposed Southern Illinois 
Folk Festival here in February. 

Sarah Gertrude Knott, founder and director of the National 
Folk Festival recently completed a brief stay at Southern Illinois 
University where preliminary plans for the regional festival were laid. 

With her help and the cooperation of the Jackson County Farm 
Euroau, the first community festival leading up to the areawide event 
was held in Murphysboro , and monthly programs will be staged there. 
Cairo is planning a large festival, and other towns are expected to 
follow suit. 

Hiss Knott said the purpose of these festivals which she has 
directed in more than a dozen states was to keep alive folk wisdom and 
the "aspirations and heart throbs of the people in other periods of 
history through folk songs, music, myths, legends, dances, fairy tales, 
proverbs, and superstitions handed down through centuries." 

"The new world neighborliness which has been thrust upon us 
requires a more real understanding of the similarities and differences 
of the peoples of the world, and the starting point is in home commun- 
ities and in our own nation," Hiss Knott explained. "If we fully 
comprehend the significance back of the wealth of folic heritages which 
have poured into our country from almost every land, we have a good 
basis for a genuine appreciation of the cultures of peoples everywhere" 



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Through the community festivals, Hiss Knott hopes to find 
square dancers, fiddlers and people who have inherited from previous 
generations ballads, singing games and customs of early America or the 
Old V/orld. These community gatherings will furnish the cast for the 
regional festival. 

Miss Knott said the regional event has been tentatively sched- 
uled for Feb. 2k, The SIU Division of Fine Arts will assist in the 
search for handiwork exhibits and music indigenous to the area, and 
SIU exchange students from foreign lands will be asked to participate. 

The SIU Division of Area Services will be the sponsor. An 
executive committee has been appointed, under the chairmanship of 
Dr. C. Norton Talley^ acting director of the Division of Communications 
Mrs. Stewart Chandler is vice-president and secretary of the committee. 

Director of the National Folk Festival for 20 years, Hiss 
Knott has been featured in numerous magazines for her "persistent 
encouragement" of folk talent by traveling to every part of the coun- 
try to hear folk music and observe ceremonies. The first National Folk 
Festival was held in ot. Louis in 193 ! + and it has been staged there 
for the past eight years. In the intervening years, the festivals 
were held in Chattanooga, Washington, Chicago, New York, Philadelphia 
and Cleveland. Last year, the program featured Negro spirituals, 
Indian dances, British ballads, and dances of Scotland, France, Ire- 
land, Mexico, Cuba, Hawaii and Germany. 

Miss Knott said SIU was a logical place to hold the Southern 

Illinois festival because educators have been responsible for helping 
to revive the "simple, deeply-rooted creations of the folk which grew 
out of humanity r s urge for self-expression and for recreation". 

"It is no wonder then that in this critical period when we 
have been catapulted from the old civilization to an uncertain new one 
that universities and colleges should concern themselves with folk 
festivals," Hiss Knott said, "in an effort to carry over into the fut- 
ure these basic cultural, recreational heritages of those who have gene 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

DUQUOIN, ILL, OCT. — A promotional campaign in the grandest Holloywood tradition 
was in full swing here today to insure a large attendance at an organizational 
meeting of the DuQuoin Community Development Association. 

Hillbilly and jazz bands, aerial bombs, fire sirens and printed matchbooks 

are among the gimmicks being used to lure townspeople to the 8 p.m. meeting in the 

high school gymnasium Monday night (Oct. 25) which will be conducted with the help 

of Southern Illinois University community consultants. Instead of asking "Number, 

please?", telephone operators said "A-B-C" to call attention to the need for 

"A better community." 

Taxicab service will be provided free to anyone attending the important 

session, and a day nursery will be opened in the evening for parents with baby- 
sitter problems. 

A committee of 35 persons was calling every name in the telephone directory 

and clergymen were to announce the meeting from the pulpits Sunday morning. School 

children brought messages about the meeting home to their parents. To reach 

Saturday shoppers in the downtown district, an information booth was sot up to 

distribute pamphlets and a sound truck carrying a hillbilly band paraded through 

the streets. 

One hour before the meeting, aerial bombs will be set off and churbh bells and 

fire sirens will sound in unison. A jazz band will entertain early arrivals at 

the gymnasium. 

A permanent chairman, vice chairman, secretary and treasurer of the community 

development program will be elected at the meeting, and a 15-member advisory c 

committee chosen by popular vote. Temporary chairman is Carl G. Eowgts, a banker. 

The publicity committee which planned the big buildup for the meeting is headed 

by Gene Morris, a druggist , and Irving Sickinger, manager of the Forest City 

Manufacturing Co. 

Alice Beardslee, community consultant of the SIU department of community 

development, will describe a six-months research project townspeople will make into 

community problems before they put recommendations into ar.tion Bert Jones , another 
SIU consultant, wiJ,i encourage all DuQuoin residents at tba meeting to s'gn up for 
duty on one of 15 committees which will study all phases of community life. 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Hunters are being cordially welcomed on a 900-acre 
tract of strip mine land south of Pinckneyville where Southern Illinois University 
is conducting a cooperative research program, it was announced today. 

Beginning with the opening of the waterfowl season Friday (Oct. 22), sports- 
men can hunt their favorite quarry in season on the strip mine property one mile 
west of Pyatt. The research project underway there seeks to determine how effective 
the land can be for use of wildlife. 

Jim Lane, assistant professor of zoology at Southern, requested that hunters 
cooperate with Bob Verts, an SIU student and research assistant from Shelbina, Mo. 
He will distribute postcards to hunters with questions about kills and ask that the 
cards be returned to SIU. Hunting regulations will be the same as those enforced 
elsewhere. 

Verts has been studying vegetation in the area and making population counts of 
animals as part of a long-range reclamation project the University is undertaking 
on the land formerly owned by Truax-Traer Coal Co.. and put at the disposal of South- 
ern last spring. Cooperating in the study with Southern's Wildlife Research 
Laboratory and Truax-Traer are the Illinois Coal Strippers Association and the 
Wildlife Management Institute. 

Verts reported ducks had been spotted on some of the 18 bodies of water in the 
area which range from one-half acre to over 15 acres in sizeo Most of the 60 acres 
of water are near roads, he said. 

Cottontails have been found in abundance in some areas, he said, and some 
quail have been spotted , The season on rabbits and quail opens Nov. 11. 






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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Ccirbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — In an attempt to bolster Southern Illinois University^ 
sagging forward wall, Coach Bill O'Brien may move Halfback Joe Yusko to an end 
position. 

The West Frankfort sophomore, currently number five in rushing, volunteered 
to play any position "if it will help the team" O'Brien reported. 

The plan to shift Yusko to end was necessitated by the recurrence of an 
ankle injury to Wayne Williams, DuQuoin junior, and the withdrawal from school 
of Freshman Lou Kahlenbeck, Newton, Mass. O'Brien now has two varsity ends 
Freshman Marion Rushing, Pinckneyville, and John Gelch, Sesser sophomore. 

Southern's line forces received other jolts this week when Sophmore Giles 
Sinkewiz, Belleville, broke his arm and veteran guard Cliff Johnson, Cairo senior, 
severely sprained his ankle. Sinkewiz divided his time among end, guard and center 
duties. 

In the backfield the Salukis also are having troubles. Fullback Bob Ems, 
Fisher, is still nursing an injured leg and a tooth infection. Quarterback Gerry 
Hart, West Frankfort sophomore, is limping on a bad leg, and Fullback Hank Warfield, 
junior from Evansville, Ind., is hobbling from an old knee injury. 

The Salukis will have four gomes remaining after the Oct. 23 homecoming 
battle with highly rated Michigan Normal. Southern faces Eastern Illinois Oct. 30, 
Missouri Mines Nov. 6, Washington University of St. Louis Nov. 13, and Western 
Illinois Nov. 20. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — More than 2500 area teachers and school administrat- 
ors are expected to attend the annual all-day meeting of the southern division of 
the Illinois Education Association to be held Friday (Oct. 29) in Southern Illinois 
University's Shryock auditorium. 

Key speakers will be Emile Jacobson, lecturer, journalist, and actress, 
speaking at 11 a.m. on "Humor, Weapon of a Free People;" and Dr. Kirtley F. 
Mather, author, scientist, and religious philosopher, speaking at 1:30 p.m. 

English by birth, Miss Jacobson has lived for several years in Italy and 
has contributed many articles to the English press on life in the Italian cities. 
Active in the theatre, she has played such roles as Lady fc Teazle in Sheridan's 
"School for Scandal." 

Dr. Mather is a professor of geology at Harvard University. In his lectures 
and books he popularizes science, reconciling the principles of religion with 
scientific discoveries. He has authored "Crusade for Life," "Old Mother Earth," 
and "Science in Search for God." 

Featured on the program at 2:30 p.m. will be the nationally known Ralph 
Nielsen, lyric tenor j and Audrey Paul, contralto, who will present "A Modern 
Concert in Song." 

Taft Baker, superintendent of schools, Carterville, Southern division 
president, will t speak briefly. Keith Pearce, Christopher, SIU student, 
will entertain with organ selections. John W. Allen, of SIU's department of 
community development, will welcome the guests. The invocation will be delivered 
by the Rev. C.E.F. Howe of the first Presbyterian church, Carbondale. 

In charge of the social hour at 10 a.m. will be Dr. Eileen Quigley of the 
SIU home economics department. During the day various sectional meetings will be 
held by the following SIU departments: 

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BIOLCGY: 

10 a.m. to 12 noon — Social hour; guided tour of the new Life Science 
Building; organizational meeting. 

MEN'S AND WOMEN 1 S PHYSICAL EDUCATION: 

12 Noon — Luncheon; speech by Dr. Roswell Merrick, SIU coordinator of 
health, physical education and recreation. 
FOREIGN LANGUAGE: 

10 a.m. - 1:30 p.m. — Talks by Dr. Vera Peacock, SIU chairman of the 
foreign language department; Elizabeth Crozier, Cairo teacher;and Dr. Madeline 
Smith, SIU. 

GUIDANCE AND SPECIAL EDUCATION: 

12 Noon — Luncheon; talks by Dr. Ivan Russell, SIU; and Dorothy Seigle, 
state department consultant in education. 

HOME ECONOMICS; 

12 Noon — Luncheon; talk by Dr. Anna Carol Fults of SIU; election of 
officers. 

SOCIAL STUDIES: 

12 Noon — Luncheon and panel discussion by SIU members of the social science 
departments; open discussion. 

MUSIC: 

10:20 a.m. - 1 p.m. — Organizational discussion; film on music education. 

ENGLISH: 

10 to 11 — Business meeting; 12 noon - Luncheon and address by Mona Van 
Duyn, editor, poet, and critic. 

MATHEMATICS: 

10 a.m. - 10:15 a.m. — Talks by Dilla Hall and Morton Kenner of the SIU 
mathematics department. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111,— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 






CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT.— Chester Jensen, 33, native of Detroit, has been 
addled to the research staff of the Carbondale U. S. Forest Research Center at 
Southern Illinois University as a silviculturist, Richard D. Lane, forester in 
charge, announced today. 

Jensen arrived this week (Oct., 25) to begin his duties, coming from six 
years of forest survey work with the Central States Forest Experiment Station, 
Columbus, 0. The Carbondale Center is a part of the Experiment Station. 

At Carbondale, Jensen will work with Leon S. Minckler on problems of finding 
better ways to grow timber crops faster and more economically in southern Illinois 
and similar areas. Jensen is the third new addition to the Center's staff under 
its recently accelerated research program made possible by an additional $150,000 
federal appropriation for the purpose. Lane says that other personnel will be 
added in November. 

Jensen is married and has two children. He received a bachelor's and 
master's degree in forestry from Michigan State College, East Lansing. He has 
had training with statistical methods in experimental design in forest research. 
He served with the army's 10th Mountain Infantry (ski troops) in 1943-45. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Gene Morris, druggist, today is chairman of the 
DuQuoin Community Development Association following an enthusiastic mass meeting of 
700 citizens in the DuQuoin high school gymnasium Monday evening (Oct. 25). 

Other officers chosen by acclamation are: vice chairmen, Robert Edel, 
insurance man, and Archie Voight, retired; general secretary, Mrs. Dorothy Hurt, 
store clerk; and treasurer, Joseph Werner, business man. A 21-member advisory 
committee, picked to help carry on the community development program with the 
help of community consultants from Southern Illinois University, includes: C. G. 
Bauer, temporary chairman during the initial stages of the development program; 
Dr. C. M. Benton, Kenneth E. Cook, George Doerr, Edel, Irving Sickinger, Carl 
Hottes, Mrs. Hurt, Dr. Richard T. Matlavish, F. Mark Miller, Robert W. Miller, 
Morris, Walter Oliver, Robert Sawyer, Robert Shook, Dale Schwinn, Claire Stevens, 
Ruth Terry, Dr. W. M. Thornburg, Phyllis Upson, and Voight. 

Twenty-five "buzz" sessions met in all available space in the high school 
building to fill out questionnaires on basic characteristics of the community. 

In the opening general session Alice Beardslee, community consultant of 
the SIU department of community development, explained the program, describing 
a six-months research project that the DuQuoin townspeople will make into community 
problems before they put recommendations into action. Bert Jones, another SIU 
consultant, outlined the committee and community characteristics of the survey. 

The enthusiastic turnout of townspeople followed several days of intensive 
campaigning by telephone committees, the use of aerial bombs, fire sirens, sound 
trucks, pamphlets and other printed material. A day nursery was opened in the 
evening for parents with baby-sitter problems so that more persons ecu Id attend 
the mass meeting. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

SIU COUNTRY COLUMN 

By Albert Meyer 
Vinedale, a new variety of sweet pepper, gave good results in the 1954 vegetable 
variety tests at Southern Illinois University. Its high yield and fine flavor make 
it a good possibility for area home gardens. However, the fruit of the plant is not 
considered blocky enough for a good commercial market pepper., 



Late fall grazing sometimes is needed to reduce the competition of summer 
grasses with cool season legumes. However, regular legume meadows should not be 
cut for hay or pastured between late September and the first killing frost. Nearly 
a month is needed for the plants to grow out and build up root reserves of food 
for winter survival. 



Soil tests of legume or legume-grass meadows are important to determine fall 
fertilization needs. Top-dressing such fields in the fall with 200 pounds per acre 
of 0-20-20 or 0-15-30 fertilizers, according to needs, will increase forage pro- 
duction. 



Earnings in agriculture fluctuate more widely from year to year than in 
most other lines of business. 



Farms with limited capital ought to concentrate on enterprises which have a 
rapid turnover, or those giving large labor incomes. Poultry, dairying, .and swine 
are good enterprises for such farms. 



The damp litter season is coming for poultrymen. The chief cause of damp 
litter in laying houses is the condensation of moisture from the air. Proper 
ventilation is helpful for control. 

(more) 



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Sparrows, pigeons, and rats are unwanted nuisances around poultry houses. 
Proper control measures should be taken by the poultry flock owner. 



On the dairy farm the milking machine is only as efficient as its operator. 



Some 200 corn picker accidents in Illinois may be prevented if the operator 
will just keep his hands away from moving parts and will keep the safety shields 
in place. 

It is also a good idea to equip the tractor with a fire extinguisher for 
emergencies. There always is the chance that the machine will catch fire. The 
most practical kind of extinguisher is the carbontetrachloride type in one or 
two-quart sizes. 



Protection from fires and grazing is essential in developing successful 
forest plantations. 

-am- 



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TV 



■'J \ . ./;. . 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Release! MEDIATE 

SPORTS DESK 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Southern Illinois University's 

Salukis move into the final half of the 19?+ football season Saturday 

(Oct. 30) when they travel to Charleston for an IIAC contest with 

Eastern Illinois 1 Panthers. 

Southern Coach Bill O'Brien hopes to snap his team out of an 
eight game losing streak that extends from last season. The Salukis 
haven T t won a game since they edged Eastern 6-0 last Oct. 30, exactly 
one year ago. They dropped the final three games of the 1953 season 
and have lost to Southeast Missouri, Illinois Normal, Northern Illinois, 
Central Michigan and Michigan Normal this year. Encouraging, however, 
is that the Salukis, although lacking in depth, dominated Michigan 
Normal for more than half the game last Saturday; 

The Panthers cracked an eight-game losing line of their own 
Oct. 23 with a ^0-6 battering of Navy Pier. Coach Maynard O'Brien's 
Panthers have met two Saluki foes, Central Michigan and Michigan Nor- 
mal. Eastern lost 60-0 and 33-0 respectively while Southern was falling 
to Central 33-0 and Normal 20-0. A Saluki win would move them out of a 
cellar dwelling tie with the Panthers. 

Barring further injuries to a weakened squad, Southern's 

Coach O'Brien expects to start Wayne Williams and Marion Rushing at 

ends, Ed Hayes and Dave Stroup at tackles, Joe Kalla and Cliff Johnson 

at guards, and Kent Werner at center. In the backfield will be Capt. 
Jack Schneider and Bob Jarvis. Zeigler freshman in his first starting 
role, at halfbacks, Bob Ems at fullback, and Gerry Hart at quarterback. 

Eastern's Coach O'Brien probably will start Ed Gire and Jim 
Griffith at ends, Don Magsamen and Ray Fisher at tackles, Don Leonard 
and Chuck Smith at guards, Arnold Franke at center, Gene Ward at 
quarterback, Bob Gilpin and Bill Hardin at halfbacks, and Roger West 
at fullback. 

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SIU STATISTICS - 


- FIVE GAMES 






RushinP' 


T&\e 


s Carried 


Gain 


Loss 


Net 


SCHNEIDER 




51 


203 


17 


136 


WARPIELD 




33 


127 


a 


119 


EMS 




26 


115 


6 


109 


ERNEST 




Ik 


77 


6 


71 


YUSKO 




25 


75 


h 


71 


JOHNSON 




9 


30 


3 


27 


VJHEELER 




h 


23 


3 


20 


IS OLA 




11 


k2 





k2 


HART 




17 


31 


13 


13 


KAHLENBECK 




1 





h 


Jf 


TABACCHI 




10 


n 


51 


- ho 


RODGERS 




9 


31 


3 


23 


KELLEY 




h 


9 


3 


6 


JARVIS 




2 
21o" 


26 
800 




131 


26 

6*69 


Passing 


Atte 


KlDtS 


Completions Yards 


Intercepted 


HART 


23 




9 


92 


5 


TABACCHI 


32 




10 


76 


2 


EMS 


3 




1 


11 


1 


IS OLA 


1 













WHEELER 


2 















6.1 




20 


179 


□ 


Pass Receiving 


Number- 


Yard s 


Scoring 




WILLIAMS 


6 




60 







KAHLENBECK 


k 




kO 







EMS 


2 




25 







YUSKO 


2 




20 







JOHNSON 


2 




11 







SCHNEIDER 


1 




11 







WARFIELD 


1 




k 







ERNEST 


1 




-5 







RUSHING 


1 
20 




.. 13 

179 









page 2 ## .,SIU statistics 



Punting 

TABACCHI 

WILLIAMS 

YUSKO 

EMS 

Scoring 
ERNEST 
WARFIELD 
TABACCHI 

SIU 

TIMES CARRIED 

YARDS GAINED 

YARDS LOST 

NET GAIN 

PASS ATTEMPTS 

PASS COMPLETIONS 

HAD INTERCEPTED 

NET GAIN 

SCORING PASSES 

TOTAL PLAYS 

NET GAIN 

TIMES KICKED 
YARDS KICKED 
HAD BLOCKED 

TOUCHDOWNS 



PAT ATT. 

PAT MADE 

FIELD GOALS 

SAFETIES 

TOTAL POINTS 

Seasons W 0, L 5 
IIAC: W 0, L h 



Nuiiiber 

27 

3 

3 
1 

w 

TD'S 

1 

1 




2 



Yard s 


Average 


Blocked 


915 


33o9 





12*+ 


*KU3 





99 


33.0 





1167 


29.0 
3^+3 


£ 


Pat 


Safeties 


Total 








6 








6 


1 





1 




1 


1 

I 


2 
W 


SIU 

21S 




OPP 
202 


800 




750 


131 




105 


669 




6k<5 


61 




77 


20 




35 


n 
O 




2 


179 




528 







6 


277 




279 


31+3 




1173 


1157 





1 


2 




Ik 


2 
1 

1 
15 








91 



, .,/ ..„ 



t • » » 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111,— Phone: 1020 Release 5 IMMEDIATE 

Number 85 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

BRICKEY HOUSE 

By John W. Allen 
Southern Illinois University 

Old houses often yield interesting stories. The spacious dwelling known as 
the Brickey home in the village of Prairie du Rocher is such a one. 

Unoccupied for many years, this large three-story, square-frame house with its 
wide porches, stained glass, shuttered windows and mansard roof easily attracts 
the attention of the most casual visitor to the village. Standing among large 
trees on a generous plot of ground below the bluff, it silently proclaims the 
hospitality that once was known there. The nice iron fence that incloses the 
grounds emphasizes its air of detachment from the present. 

To know the story of this old home one must go back to the Chicago of 89 
years ago and the history of another building. 

It was in the year 1865 that Uranus H. Crosby, a wealthy distiller, decided 
to contribute to the culture of Chicago by erecting a magnificent opera house. 
W. W. Boyington, a noted architect, designed a splendid structure that Crosby built 
on the corner of Dearborn and Washington at a cost of more than $600,000. Infor- 
mation concerning its splendors spread, and it became known as one of the showplaces 
of the pre-fire city. 

All were proud of the new building. Crosby soon learned, however, that owning 
an opera house was very expensive. In 1867, less than two years after completion 
of the building, its owner announced that he was broke. He also indicated an 
intention to dispose of the opera house and 305 works of art through a nationwide 
lottery. 

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Great plans were made for the lottery, or "raffle." Tickets — 210,000 of them — 

each numbered and bearing a nice engraving of the opera house — were printed and 

offered for sale at five dollars each. Prominent business and professional men, 

including a former governor of Illinois, were members of a committee to conduct the 

affair. 

January 21, 1867 was the day on which drawings were made. Hours before the 

time set for the drawings, a large and interested audience gathered in the opera 

house. 

Drawings were first made for the works of art — some desirable, others somewhat 

tawdry. Then the number that would entitle its holder to the grand prize, the 

Chicago Opera House, was drawn. The number was 58600. Owner of the winning ticket 

was Abraham Hagerman Lee of Prairie du Rocher. 

There being no telegraph in Prairie du Rocher, a notice that Lee was the winner 

was sent to a law firm in St. Louis and relayed from there to Belleville. From there 

a messenger was dispatched on horseback to notify Mr. Lee. Before this messenger 

reached him, however, two men who had seen a news report of his good fortune in a 

St. Louis paper hastened to Prairie du Rocher to tell him the good news and perhaps 

with hopes of doing some fast trading with him. 

The first two messengers found Lee reading to his sick wife. Neighbors soon 

heard the news and hastened to offer their congratulations. The messenger from 

Belleville arrived later in the evening and inquired for Mr. Abraham Hagerton Lee. 

It is said that Mr. Lee answered the door in a long nightgown, that the messenger 

bowed low and delivered the official notice. 

N ne of the messages, official or otherwise, seemed to disturb or excite Mr. 

Lee. He even indicated a slight vexation and remarked,"! wish they had to swallow 

the opera house." But Lee said little, carefully guarding his ticket, and caring 

for his ailing wife. 

A few days later, when his wife's health had improved somewhat, Lee went to 

Chicago to meet Crosby, first asking that publicity be avoided. Lee indicated a 
willingness to sell his claim for $200,000. Crosby accepted the offer and paid that 
amount to Lee, who quietly returned to Prairie du Rocher. Crosby was once more in 
full possession of the opera house. He also had the "profits," some $600,000, that 

came from the lottery. (more) 



V\ 



3 

Shortly after his return from Chicago, Lee built the residence standing there 

today. Two years later he died in Cincinnati, Ohio. The residence he had built was 

bought by F. W. Brickey, Lee's partner in the operation of a grist and flour mill 

in Prairie du Rocher. Since that time the residence that Lee built has been known 

a 

as the Brickey home, noted for its hospitality, sociability and as/local center of 

culture. 

Before his death Brickey expressed a wish that if none of his children chose 

to make their homes there, the house should be given to some charitable use, such 

as a community center or a church home. In event none of these uses were made of 

it, Brickey asked that the home remain unoccupied or be dismantled. The old dwelling 

still stands unoccupied, a silent remainder of a series of events that led toward the 

suppression of lotteries in the United States. 

Despite the efforts made to build up faith in this particular lottery by 

associating prominent individuals with it, many said that the whole affair was a 

cleverly manipulated one. Newspaper comment was somewhat caustic. 

The effect of the drawing upon the friendship of two Prairie du Rocher boys was 

significant. These two boys were William Lee, son of the winner, and Henry * X& 

Hansbrough, a playmate of young Lee. These two boys had fished and played together 

through the years. With the acquisition of wealth by the elder Lee, William grew 

less attentive to his playmate, or at least Henry thought he did. They drifted 

apart, Henry apparently feeling the loss more keenly. 

William and Henry grew to manhood. Henry went to North Dakota, There he 

achieved a measure of success, becoming governor of the state, and later represent- 
ing it in the United States Senate. In the senate he was successful in "putting 
teeth" into the laws prohibiting lotteries. Many believe that his activity in 
this matter came from his experience with the son of the man who won the Chicago 
Opera H use in 1867, 



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\\i 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

(NOTE LOCAL NAMES) 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Parents 1 Day, an annual affair at Southern 
Illinois University, will be observed Saturday (Nov. 13) with tours of 
the campus, luncheon, coffee hours, and attendance at the football game. 

The entertainment for the parents of SIU f s record crop of nearly 4600 students 
will begin at 10 a.m. with tours of the new Life Science Building and the 
University School. 

Luncheon will be served in Southern's gymnasium from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. 
Following the football game with Washington University, parents will be entertain- 
ed at informal coffee hours by organized houses and the Student Union. 

The student committee working on Parents' Day plans includes: Barbara Furst, 
Marion, chairman; Jane Curry, Cairo; John Teschner, Elmhurst; Roger Aydt, Dahlgren; 
Ruth Morgan, Litchfield; Elizabeth Wilson, Marion; Alice Lowery, O'Fallcn; 
Alden Miller, Carbondale; and Emil Spees, Rosiclare. 



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1 J ' 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Miss Margaret Lridgnan, New York, 
consultant in the department of baccalaureate and higher decree 
programs of the National League for Nursing , vail visit Southern 
Illinois University Ilonday and Tuesday (Nov, 1-2) for a conference 
on inaugurating a nursing education program at SIU. 

During the two-day visit she will confer with SIU President 
D. W. Morris and personnel, advising on the best procedure for 
activating a nursing program authorized by the SIU Board of Trustees 
last year. 

Miss Bridgman formerly was dean of Skidmore College for 20 
years and helped develop its nursing department. From 19*+9 to 1952 
she conducted a project on collegiate nursing education for Russell 
Sage Foundation. 

She is author of a recent book, "Collegiate Education for 
Nursing," which presents nursing as a broad occupational field 
requiring large numbers of persons having preparation of different 
kinds and lengths of time. There are more nurses than ever before, 
she says, but the demand for them surpasses the number that existing 
educational systems are able to supply. 

Henry J. Rehn, dean of the SIU College of Vocations and 
Professions, says that through conferences with Miss Bridgman the 
University expects to accelerate activation of the nursing education 
program and obtain a director. 

-am- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Harry Pratt, Springfield, Illinois State Historian, 
and Herbert Halpert, Murray Kentucky State College English department head, will 
headline the program for the annual fall meeting of the Illinois Folklore Society 
at Southern Illinois University November 12, (Friday). 

William Simeone, Carbondale, secretary-treasurer, says that the organisation 
will have a 6 p.m. dinner meeting in the SIU cafeteria, and that any interested 
person may attend. 

Pratt, one of the nation's foremost authorities on Lincolniana and executive 
secretary of the Illinois State Historical Society, wij.l speak on the topic, 
"Legends of Sleepy Hollow, Illinois. Halpert f s discussion title will be, "How 
Dumb Can You Get: .Proverbial Comment on Stupidity,," 

Simeone says that new Society officers will be elected at a brief business 
meeting* Present officers, in addition to Simeone, are: president, Warren 
Walker, Blackburn College, Carlinville; vice president, Mrs. Will Griffith, and 
editor, Jesse W. Harris, both cf Carbondale. 



-am- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV.— Paul Simon, editor of the Troy (111.) Tribuno, 
will be the second in a new series of "Jobs in journal ism'' speakers at Southern 
Illinois University, H. R. Long, chairman of the SIU Journalism department, 
announced today. 

Simon will appear in a public meeting at 7; 30 pan. November 9 (Tuesday) in 
the Studio Theater of University School. He will discuss experiences in his c »• 
crusades against vice and crime in Madison county. 

The "Jobs" series of meetings, first instituted at SIU last year, are 
sponsored by the SIU Journalism department and the Journalism Students Association. 
The series was opened Oct. 26, with Charles Clayton, assistant to the publisher 
of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, as the speaker. 



-am- 



NEWS from Eill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — The Pine Hills swamp near Wolf Lake, 111., is one 
of the state'-s biological -wonderlands and ought to be preserved, two Southern 
Illinois University zoologists said today. 

Gerald E. Gunning, research assistant, and William M. Lewis, assistant 
professor of zoology at SIU, are of this opinion after completing a study of the 
swampy area's fish population. Several rare kinds of fishes were found. A 
report on the study has been accepted for publication in Ecology, a scientific 
journal. 

The spring cave-fish, which reaches maturity at three inches in length and 
spends much of its time in the subterranean passages from which spring water 
flows into the swamp, is rather unusual and one of the most interesting found. 

Also found were pigmy sunflshj srmiiest of the spiny-rayed fishes which reach 
maturity at about one inch in length, and another species known only as 'Small 
sunfish," which grows to three inches in length. 

The zoologists report 20 other kinds of fish found in the swamp in addition 
to unusual plants, amphibians, and reptiies. 



-am- 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phono: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

SIU COU N TRY COLUMN 
By Albert Meyer 

Farmers having metal-roofed buildings would do well to check the condition 

of the roofing before winter arrives. It is time to paint metal roofing at 

the first appearance of rust. Metallic zinc paint which contains approximately 

80 percent zinc dust will give the best protective results. 



Autumn is a good time to check the condition of terraces and waterway.-,. 
Make any repairs that may be needed and re-seed grass waterways in which the pod 
is thin or dying out. More frequent rains in winter and early spiing months c 
normally bring the season's heaviest runoff, with resulting erosion damage where 
the soil conservation features have been neglected. 



Pullets confined indoors during the winter months will need vitamin D 
supplement to prevent rickets in the flock. 



Hens carefully selected are more valuable than pullets for poultry 
breeding purposes. 



Turkey production has increased greatly in recent years, and this bird no 
more is only a meat delicacy for Thanksgiving dinner — with left-overs saved for 
the succeeding day or two. The turkey industry is making some progress toward 
inducing housewives to serve the bird oftener, but the idea o£ serving turkey 
every Thursday still is only a hope* 



(more) 



2 

Farmers should remember that best results arc obtained if dairy cows have 
at least a six weeks dry period before they are to freshen. 



The importance of cooling milk rapidly is easily recognized by dairy farmers 
during the warm months. They should remember that it is also important to cool 
milk rapidly in cool weather. Milk and milk products are good food for everyone 
and need the best possible protective care from cow to table. 

Something that southern Illinois vegetable growers may not realize is that 
sweet corn is the state's most important vegetable crop from the standpoint of 
acreage and total value. Statistics show that in 1953 Illinois vegetable growers 
had more than 9,000 acres of sweet corn for the fresh market and more than 67 ; 000 
acres for processing. Sweet corn returned more than $6,000,000 to vegetable 
growers in 1953. 



This additional retrospective report to the vegetable growers; Fresh 
tomatoes which are marketed during the early part of the season — July and the first 
half of August — return to the Illinois grower two or three times the gross income 

he receives from tomatoes marketed late the last half of August and all of 

September. 



-aip- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY Releases IIM3DIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. *— A shipment of Mexican archaeological 
artifacts and pottery, stopped from shipment to the Southern Illinois 
University Museum August 1*+ by an official of the Durango, IlexicOj 
state government, now is enroute to Carbondale, Or. J. Charles Kelley 9 
SIU Museum director and professor of anthropology, said today. 

A telegram informed Kelley that the shipment cleared customs 
at the Mexican border Friday (Oct. 29) and is being shipped to the 
museum. One box of artifacts arrived Monday and others are expected 
this week. 

Kelley said that a controversy over state's rights between 
Salvador Roncal, president of the Natural Beauty bureau for Durante 
state, and the Mexican federal government brought on the seizure of the 
specimens and delays in shipment of artifacts to the SIU museum. 
Some 2500 pounds of specimens were excavacod from the Schroeder site 
some 12 miles from Durango City by the SIU anthropological field 
school last summer. 

Roncal refused to allow the excavated material to leave Durango . 
He claimed that permission for shipment to the Mexican border granted 
by Ramon Pina Chan, representative of the Mexican National Institute of 
Anthropology and History who worked with the expedition as co-director, 
was not valid. Roncal had the boxes seized and stored in the state 
penitentiary at Durango. 

Kelley said that SIU excavations in the area were fully covered 
by specific contracts with the Mexican government whose officials main- 
tained cordial and interested relations with the members of the expod 

ition from the beginning. According to Mexican statutes all archaeol- 
ogical material in the nation is the property of of the Mexican people 
and is to be administered by the federal government. 
. . (more) 



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page 2 

Contracts provide the archaeological material is to be removed 
to Southern Illinois University's museum for a year of research and 
study and then subject to return to Mexico for museum purposes. Kelley 
said that the amount of material to be returned at that time will be 
determined by negotiation with the Mexican government. In the past 
approximately half of the material has been left with the SIU Iluseua 
for research and museum purposes. 

SIU Museum's collection of Mexican cultural material, acquired 
from summer field school work in Mexico and from collections of other 
institutions, now is among the best in the country, Kelley pointed onto 

The Mexican government issued necessary permits for removal of 
the specimens on September 1^+, Kelley said. VJhere the boxes have been 
between that time and their clearance at the border Friday has not been 
learned. 

The shipment contains many items such as adobe fragments, bone 
awls, stone axes, shell and stone beads } offigies in stone and pottery, 
spindle whorls, figurines, pottery pipes ^ projectile points, stone 
vessels, a copper mosaic mirror, drills, discs, 3^+0 bags of potsherds, 
and other material. Among the rarest items found was a chain necklace 
of copper links with bits of shell and a turquoise pendant attached. 
Another is a whole pottery vessel, highly decorated and glazed, contain 
ing representations of ancient gods in the decorations. 

The summer field school, which included 1*+ students from SIU 
and other universities, discovered two residences and a large pyramid 
at the site. The residences, dating back to about 1,000 A,D., wore 
thought to have been the homes of priests or nobles becauso of their 
interior decoration and are an example of the Indian culture in central 
and southwest parts of Mexico. 

-am- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 



Reloa 



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IiliffiDL.TE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Southern Illinois University's 
student council has authorized Edward V. Miles, SIU business manager 
and fiscal officer of the Student Union building fund, to employ an 
architectural firm to make a preliminary study for an SIU student 
union building program. 

According to Robert Edgell, Alton, student council president, 
the architectural firm, to be selected by the SIU architect, Charles 
Pulley, will be asked to complete its repeat by May 15, 1955* 



Br. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

SECOND ANNUAL SIU 
AG SHORT COURSE 
BEGINS JANUARY 3 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — The second annual Southern Illinois University 

Winter Short Course in Agriculture will begin a six-weeks* on-campus session 

January 3, Lee Kolmer, SIU supervisor of adult education in agriculture, announced 

today. 

Seventeen agricultural courses in the fields of agricultural economics, 
agricultural engineering, agronomy, animal and dairy science, forestry and 
horticulture will be available. Farmers enrolling may select five or more 
subjects from the list of courses. They will attend classes daily Monday 
through Friday, 

SIU Agriculture department faculty members will teach the classes, utilizing 
the same facilities used for regular SIU agriculture students. 

Kclmer says the short courses are designed to help area agricultural 
people keep abreas't of new developments in agriculture. Future Farmers of America 
groups, 4-H clubs, and other agricultural and community organizations may sponsor 
young farmers with scholarships. 

Information and applications for admission may be obtained by writing or 
calling Kolmer. 



-am- 



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k ', i : k .)• 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS. 

FALL PLANTED 
FOREST SEEDLINGS 
WITHSTAND DROUTH 

CARBONDALE, ILL., OCT. — Farmers planting forest tree seedlings this fall 
should get the job done by the middle of November for best results, says John 
Hosner, Southern Illinois University forestry instructor. 

Seedlings planted in the fall will get a better start and be able to withstand 
more severe summer drouths, he says. However, there is one disadvantage to 
fall planting, he points out. There is always the possibility of winter losses 
of seedlings from frost heaving and winter burning* 

Greatest losses from frost heaving occur on open land; hence fall plantings 
survive best where there is a moderate cover of weeds and grasses such as broom 
sedge or prairie grass. 

Seedlings for forest plantings may be obtained from state forest nurseries 
at comparatively low cost and local farm foresters will advise farmers about 
planting, Hosner says. 

Farmers who have young forest plantations in which the planted trees are 
not receiving direct sunlight because of overtopping vegetation should remove 
the brush that is shading planted trees. Overtopping often occurs where farmers 
plant seedlings in fields containing sassafras and persimmon cover. As long as 
the majority of the planted trees are as high or higher than the surrounding 
vegetation there is no need to remove it even though the seedlings may seem 
to be crowded* With some direct sunlight they will continue to thrive. 



-am- 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release* IMMEDIATE 

VEGETABLE GROWERS 
WILL MEET IN ANNA 
NOVEMBER 10 

ANNA, ILL., NOV. — How to cope with problems of producing more and better 

vegetables and strawberries profitably will be discussed at the annual meeting of 

southern Illinois berry and vegetable growers in Anna, November 10, says William 

T. Andrew, Southern Illinois University vegetable specialist assisting with program 

arrangements. 

Sessions in the new Union County farm bureau building will begin with 
registration at 8:45 a.m. Area growers and specialists from the University of 
Illinois, Southern Illinois University, and the University of Kentucky will 
appear on the program. 

Highlight of the program will be a discussion of strawberry industry probloms 
and suggested solutions by W. W. "Tubby" McGill, University of Kentucky extenrion 
horticulturist. 

Other program details are: 

A report on the activities of an area grower cooperative by Ralph Baker, 
Jonesboro, president of the group. Insect and disease problems and control will 
be discussed by Jack Wright and Manson Linn, University of Illinois specialists. 
Norman Oebker, University of Illinois, will talk about chemical weed control. 

Andrew will report on vegetable variety trials at SIU. Lowell Tucker, 
SIU horticulturist, will describe results with a new variety of sweet potatoes. 
Fred Roth, SIU agricultural engineer, will discuss practical engineering 
problems of sprinkler irrigation. 

More than 100 growers are expected. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Southern Illinois University's limping Salukis 
invade Missouri School of Mines Saturday (Nov. 6) for a non-league battle with 
the Miners. 

Coach Bill O'Brien's Salukis, who won their first game of the season last 
week 20-6 over Eastern Illinois, will enter the contest with two starters definite- 
ly out of the lineup with injuries. Fullback Bob Ems re-injured a leg in the 
Eastern game and Marion Rushing, end, severely sprained an ankle in Tuesday's 
scrimmage. 

O'Brien will move Capt. Jack Schneider to fullback and start Joe Yusko at 
the left half post. John Gelch will open at end in Rushing' s place. 

The Salukis own a 1-5 mark while the Miners stand at 4-3 for the year. In 
the first meeting of the two schools last season, Coach Gale Bullman's squad rolled 
over Southern 28-7 to gain a one game edge in the infant series. 

Southern Quarterback Gene Tabacchi found his passing eye in the Eastern clash, 
giving O'Brien's offensive strategy a much needed lift, and may compensate for 
the loss of the two starters. 

Tabacchi leads in the passing department with 17 completions in 41 attempts 
for 154 yards. Schneider leads the ground attack with 244 yards on 62 carries for 
a 3.94 average per try. 

Southern's revised starting lineup will include: Wayne Williams and Gelch 
at ends; Ed Hayes and Dave Stroup at tackles; Joe Kalla and Cliff Johnson at 
guards; Kent Werner at center; Tabacchi at quarterback; Yusko and Roy McClanahan 
at halfbacks; and Schneider at full. 

The Salukis finish their road season at Rolla but will have two remaining 
games in McAndrew stadium, Nov. 13 against Washington University of St. Louis, 
and Nov. 20 against Western Illinois. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. -- The month just ended is the first October since 
1949 in which a normal rainfall has been measured in the Carbondale area, 
Dalias A. Price, Southern Illinois University geographer, said today. 
The October rainfall was 3.72 inches.' 

Particularly welcome for farm pasture and meadow crops, lawns, and farm and 
city water supplies has been the way in which the moisture fell, P r ice point- 
ed out. Measurable amounts of rain fell on 12 of the month's 31 days, coming 
in three periods. These were October 5-7, 12-17, and 25-30. On two days 
rainfall of more than one inch was recorded. Precipitation on October 5 was 
1.54 inches, October 12 it was 1.08 inches. Snowfall was observed on October 
29 and 31 but was not sufficient for measurement. 

Carbondale readings generally have been representative of the southern 
end of the state this year, Price said. October readings in recent years have 
been: 1953—2.25 inches; 1952—1.16$ 1951—3.00; 1950—1.00. In 1949 October 
was a wet month with 6.3 inches of rain recorded. The wettest October in 
recent years came in 1941 when the month had 8.45 inches of rain, nearly a 
fifth of the normal year's quota. The driest October came in 1924 with only 
two-tenths of an inch of rainfall. 

Price said that since last March the monthly rainfall has been nearly normal. 
However, water reserves in the ground have not yet been replenished because of 
two years of dry weather during which rainfall was subnormal. Southern Illinois 
counties were more fortunate in normal rainfall this summer than were central 
and southwestern Illinois counties. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

Number 86 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

L IVERY STABLES 

By John W. Allen (Please include 

Southern Illinois University "credit" line) 

The old-tirne livery stable, predecessor of today's drive-it-yourself auto- 
mobile rental agencies, was once an American institution. About the turn of the 
century there were thousands of them over the country. Nearly every little 
village had one. Larger towns had several. 

Today it is doubtful if one is left in all the United States. Their disappear- 
ance has been complete but practically unnoted. Few persons under 50 years of 
age remember much concerning them. Artists and writers apparently were not drawn 
to livery stables. Being so common, the stables were taken for granted. Their 
disappearance was so natural that little notice was taken. With increased use 
of the automobile, those needing local transportation simply took a "jitney" or 
taxi, and left the buggies and hacks standing by. 

A few of the keepers of old-time livery stables added automobiles to their 
stock of vehicles and were thus in the jitney business. With decreased use of 
livery rigs, some operators turned their attention to the buying and selling of 
horses and mules, already an important sideline with many. Others came more and 
more to sit in the shade of the central driveway, in the office by the pot-bellied 
stove, or on benches in the sun alongside the stable walls, the choice depending 
upon the season and the weather. Whatever the course the keepers took, however, the 
livery stable quietly passed from the scene. 

In pre-automobile days passengers alighting from the "behindtime train" heard 

the cry "Hack! Hack!" This cry might come from the one who drove the bus or 

hack that delivered prospective guests to the hotel. It might also be that of a 

driver from a livery stable looking for prospective customers. The conveyances 

that regularly met trains were assorted. 

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2 

The horses drawing them, however, had one thing in ccmmon. Unlike most horses 
they refused to become excited as the trains screeched and hissed to a stop. A 
short time later a new call came to mingle with the call of "Hack! Hack!" The new 
greeting was "Jitney! Jitney!", this soon changing into "Taxi! Taxi!" Now it is 
all "Taxi'" or "Cab, sir?" 

The architecture of the old-time livery stable conformed to an established 
pattern. The front, or facade, was often a partially false one, rectangular in 
shape, as high as the comb of the barn roof, and generally as wide as the entire 
building. A wide driveway high enough to admit a buggy without lowering its top 
was in the center and an inclosed room at either side. Almost all were of frame 
construction. 

The floor plan of the barn included the wide driveway throughout its length, 
stalls for horses, and spaces for buggies, surreys, buckboards and assorted other 
vehicles were on either side. One of the rooms at the front served as the office. 
The other was generally a storeroom. 

Among things stored in this room one might find feed, surplus or special 
harness, horse blankets, lap robes, fly nets, buggy whips, storm curtains, neats- 
foot oil, wool fat ("It contains lanolin"), horse medicines and liniments, curry- 
combs, brushes, "atwitches," hand rakes, scoops, pitch forks, shovels, feed baskets, 
buggy wrenches, axle grease, castor oil, leather washers for buggy axles, a grease 
rack for greasing buggies, and perhaps a spare "fifth" wheel. 

The "office" was regularly supplied with a pot-bellied stove, a cot whore the 
keeper on duty at night could nap while he awaited the late return of rented rigs, 
a few unmatched chairs in various stages of disrepair, a worn broom standing in the 
corner, and, naturally, spittoons. On the walls one would frequently see 
lithographs of noted horses, a calendar that might be two or three years old, 
advertisements of spavin and gall cures, advertisements of buggies, and a few old 
clothes hanging on a nail. Stud or jack posters also adorned the walls. 

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This livery stable office knew a particular breed of men. Men who could 
horse trade, chew tobacco, tell tall stories that had often been gathered from the 
drummers 1 stock of such, and often swear by note. It was also the gathering place 
of petty politicians and just plain loafers. 

No livery stable could be properly described without mention of two characters 
almost always found there. One was a teen-aged boy, considered a yokel by some, 
but acknowledged by all as wise in the ways of the horse. The other was the 
livery stable dog. Like the boy, the dog wore a detached air and seemingly stayed 
around because he liked horses, often forsaking the comforts of the office to stay 
in the stall of his favorite. 

Regular customers of the early-day livery stables were the traveling salesmen, 
then known as "drummers." These men would appear in t • wn with their sample cases. 
They generally needed a buckboard to haul these cases about. Those with smaller 
Cases could use a buggy. The traveling salesman generally took along a driver 
from the livery stable. It was this driver's duty to take care of the horses 
and help handle the sample cases. 

The brands of buggies were then as well known as the names of cars today. 
Some early-day buggies were the Studebaker, the Moon, the Dexter, the Elkhart, 
the A.Mi'-ince, the Columbus, the Murray, and the Bradley. 

A young man wishing to take his girl to some affair would often rent a rig. 
This rig would include the horse — if the roads were bad it might be a team — and the 
buggy, with all necessary accessories. 

There were certain advantages in renting a rig from the livery stable. The 
horse was generally a well-trained animal and could be trusted to return to the 
starting point with a minimum of guidance. Knowing this the young swain could 
remove the buggy whip from its socket, hang the lines over the dash board, and 
replace the whip. There was no danger that the lines would fall off the dashboard. 
Both hands were then free to point out the stars or to insure the young lady 



against a possible fall from the buggy. 
Those days are gone forever. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — A two-day meeting is being held at 
Southern Illinois University Friday and Saturday (Nov. 5-6) to study 
housing needs of SIU fraternities and sororities. 

The seventy-five conference participants include SIU adminis- 
trative officers, and a national officer, an alumnus, an adviser, and 
three active members from each sorority and fraternity represented on 
campus. 

Besides considering housing needs for the future the conference 
attendants are looking; into possibilities for improving present housing 
of Greek letter organizations. 

After a tour of the campus, tho study sessions were opened by 
Barbara Gibbs, Farmer sville, student chairman of the housing committee. 
"Our Problems and Needs as Seen by the SIU Sorority and Fraternity 
Housing Committee" were discussed by students Robert Wagner, Belleville ; 
Helen Collins, West Frankfort; Harold Perry, St. Louis; Katherine 
Feirich, Carbondale; and Roger Aydt, Dahlgren; and Dr. Elizabeth Green- 
leaf, SIU supervisor of student activities^ Robert F. Etheridge, SIU 
assistant dean of men. 

Dr. Maude Stewart of the SIU guidance and special education 
department and adviser to Pi Kappa Sigma, discussed the housing problems 
as seen by a group adviser. Roger Spear, alumnus of SIU's chapter of 
Phi Kappa Tau, approached the problem from the viewpoint of an alumnus. 

Plans for financing: fraternity and sorority housing was present- 
ed by John S. Rendleman, SIU legal counselor; Paul Isbell, SIU director 
of auxiliary enterprises; and Dr. George Hand, SIU vice president, 

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At the Saturday morning session "Preliminary Requirements for 
Fraternity and Sorority Cooperative Housing" will be discussed by 
Charles Pulley, SIU architect; John Lonergan, SIU site planner 5 and 
Willard C. Hart, SIU construction supervisor. 

luring the afternoon national representatives of oIU's f rater-. ., 
nities and sororities will £ive their views on the housing subject. 
Also Harry L. Wells, retired controller at Northwestern University, 
will talk on "Pros and Cons for Cooperative Building Plans." 

The conference will conclude with a dinner session at Anthony 
hall at which tine I. Clark Davis, dean of nen and director of student 
affairs, will summarize the two~day study. 

Br. 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



SIU TRANPOLINE 
TUMBLING CLINIC 
TO BE NOVEMBER 13 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Southern Illinois University's women's physical 
education department will hold an in-service -Clinic on trampoline stunts and 
tumbling for area teachers from 10 a.m. November 13 through the early afternoon. 

According to Dr. Lura Evans, who is in charge of the clinic, the study 
session is being set up in response to requests made from Southern Illinois 
teachers of physical education. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phono: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — A budget request for $16,500,000 for educational 
operations at Southern Illinois University during the 1955-57 biennium was approved 
here today by the SIU Board of Trustees. 

The requested increase of $8,117,600 above the 1953-55 appropriation was 
based upon a 52 percent enrollment increase in the current biennium, a trend expect- 
ed to continue. Present full-time enrollment is 4^500; a total of 5, r O0 is ex- 
pected in 1955 and 6,500 in 1956. 

For buildings and other capital improvements for the bienn?.um beginning next 
July 1 the board approved a budget request of $35,704,000. 

Projects given highest priority rating were eleven buildings tctaiing 
$30,060,000 and, for site improvements and completition of the Life Science build- 
ing and the new library, $1,255,000. 

New buildings given highest priority were these: Agricultural Building 
Group, Dormitories, Men a s Physical Education and Community Center, Home Economics 
Building Group, College of Education, Commerce (General Classrooms), Power Plant 
Addition and Central Incinerator, Administration, Health Unit, Student Union, 
Communications, and Industrial Education building. 

Other requests were for the acquisition of land, for the remodeling and re- 
habilitation of old permanent structures, for the conversion of temporary buildings 

into classrooms and offices, for long standing deficiencies such as a fire alarm 

and 
system, food storage facilities, and revamped sanitary sewer system, /for other need- 
ed campus improvements resulting from the growth of the university. 

Improvements to be asked for the Vocational-Technical Institute total 
$455,000; for Little Grassy lake camp development, $100,000; for farm buildings t 
$150,000 and for architects fees, $850,000. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondalc, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Fount G. Warren, chairman of Southern Illinois 
University's education department, was named acting dean of the college of education 
by the SIU board of trustees Friday (Nov. 5). He will replace Douglas E. Lawson, 
who recently asked to be relieved of administrative duties to devote full-time to 
teaching and research. 

Professor Warren, on the SIU staff since 1913, has the longest service 
record of any faculty member. His career at Southern has included assignments as 
principal of University school, teacher of mathematics, teacher of education, and 
chairman of the education department since 1938, 

Before coming to Southern, Professor Warren taught in the public schools 
of Pinckneyville and Mt. Vernon, He was graduated from McKendree College, has a 
master's degree from the University of Chicago, and has taken advanced work in 
education and educational psychology at St. Louis University. 

A member of the Illinois Education Association for 44 years, Professor 
Warren served as president of the southern division in 1937. He has also been 
president of the local chapter of the American Association of University Professors 
and president of the Jackson County Teachers Credit Union. 

The board of trustees in honoring Dr. Lawson' s request stated, "It is with 
regret that we acquiesce. . .for he has done a remarkable job of strengthening the 
program. . .since assuming the deanship in the summer of 1948." 

Dr. Lawson, the author of some 70 publications dealing with education, 
has served as lecturer and consultant at numerous colleges and universities. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — With a keen eye on the opening of the 1954-55 
basketball season against Millikin Dec. 4, Southern Illinois University cage coach 
Lynn Holder is hustling 40 candidates through preliminary routines in preparation 
for the first squa;d cut this week. 

Holder will begin his ninth year at Southern with seven lettermen back from 
last year's team which tied for second in the IIAC. 

Capt. Gib Kurtz, East St. Louis senior, and Jack Morgan, junior from 
Carbondale, head the list of returnees. Rounding out the monogram winners are 
Dick Blythe, Gary, Ind., junior; Gordon Lambert, Marion sophomore; Wayman Holder, 
sophomore from Carbondale; Bill Woods, sophomore from Lawrenceville; and Pete 
Baggett, Marion junior. An eighth monogram winner, Gene Tabacchi, Auburn junior, 
will report for practice sessions at the end of football season. 

The team will continue to perfect new offensive weapons and sharpen defensive 
techniques for the next two weeks before full scrimmage activities begin. 

Preliminary reports on freshman tacked "looking good" tags on several out- 
standing candidates. High on Coach Holder's prospective varsity list are: Larry 
Whitlock, Mt. Vernon; Julian Dahcke, Effingham;. Gordon Cozzad, Carbondale; Bob 
Hilgendorf, San Jose, 111.; Jerry Loomis, Potosi, Mo.; Herb Barenfenger, Vandalia; 
Joe Upchurch, Galatia. 

John Hammonds, Alton; Howard Decker, Mattoon; Roger Jensen, Cprlyle; Morton 
Lichtenstein, Brooklyn, N.Y. (2126 Benson); Ron Huey, Sparta; Wayne Zimmer, Chester; 
Sam Duane; Galatia; Norman Thomas, Cairo, and Ron Culbreth, Carrier Mills. 



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Other freshman and transfer candidates are: Tom Baker, Golconda, transfer 
from the University of Illinois; Jim Norton, Herrin, transfer from Rice Institute; 
Don Brehmen, East St. Louis; Ron Dusenburg, Bradley; Paul Welch, Tamaroaj Gene Rehn, 
Carbondale; Ron Ayers, Flora; Joe Lynch, East St. Louis; Jack Sweeney, Laureltow, 
N.Y. (138-12 23rd). 

Making up the remainder of the varsity and iunior varsity group a?:e veterans 
Jim Shaw, Grand Chain sophomore; Bill Kalin, Blufo.rd pophomore; Joe Johnson, 
junior from Mt. Vernon; Don Holmes, Dupo junior ; a transfer from Eastern Illinois 
State Teachers; Jerry Cooksey, sophomore from Centraiia; and Don Treshj Hew 
Athens sophomore. 

Five freshmen who will report with Tabacohi after the football season are: 
Carl Smith, Herrin; Marion Rushing, Pinckneyville; Larry Parrish, Crystal Lake; 
Larry Terneus, Hillsboro; Bob Orto, Galatia; and Sophomore John Gelch, Sesser. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Four Southern Illinois University students havu 
been selected to receive $50 Roscoe Pulliam Memorial Alumni scholarships, 
Robert Odaniell, SIU Alumni Services director, said today. 

Chosen by the SIU Scholarships and Loans committee to receive the awards 
are Darl Lee Boilmann, Steeleville; Harold Ray Ward, Mt. Vernon; Iva Jean Joyner, 
Equality; and Marjejo Harris, Mound City. 

Contributions from SIU alumni make up the scholarship fund established in 
1953 as a memorial to the late Roscoe Pulliam, president of Southern from 1935 
until his death in March, 1944. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111*— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — A Southern Illinois University tally revealed 
today that area children received an aggregate of nearly 20,000 days of camping 
at Little Grassy lake this summer. 

Neaxly 12,000 of the camping days were at the SIU school camp program that 
provided five consecutive camping periods during the summer. Other groups 
and the number of camper days were Presbyterian, 3,000; Future Farmers of 
America, 325; Girl Scouts, 500; Boy Scouts, 3,000; Methodist, 2,175; and Educational 
Council of 100, 150. 

According to Dr. William Freeberg, chairman of recreation and outdoor 
education at Southern, plans already are underway for improving camp facilities 
for next year f s program when various camp groups will offer many more camper- 
days to area children. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

SIU COUNTRY COLUMN 
By Albert Meyer 

Mechanization of farms has been moving ahead rapidly in recent years, 
spurred on by wartime shortages of farm labor and increases in wages. At the 
same time there has been a gradual increase in the average size of farms in 
the United States. Farm operators have found that with modern machinery one 
farmer today is able to do more work and do it more quickly than several men could 
do in former days. The farmer also has found that he must keep his machinery busy 
more days of the year in order to get a return on his investment. The more days 
a machine is busy the greater is the percent of return. 

At the same time, less than 60 percent of all farmers in the United States 
today own their own farms. Farming today requires a heavy investment of capital. 



Sows ought to be bred now so that the pigs will be ready for next year*s 
seasonal price rise in late August or early September. 



The safe moisture content for corn put in the crib for storage is from 16 
to 17 percent. Corn will keep best if it is free from husks, is shelled, and is 
kept in a rain-proof crib. 



It still is a good safety reminder to advise disengaging the power take- 
off when adjusting the corn picker or when removing trash and stalks. 



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Particularly good adviae for farmers with rolling farms in southern 
Illinois is the suggestion that a cover crop such as rye be planted in fields 
from which the corn crop has been picked. Soil erosion will be curtailed, and 
the rye may be plowed down as a green manure crop next spring. 



Research data shows that a cropping system of corn-corn-corn continuously 
will not only reduce the corn yields but will cause the soil to become more 
compact. A good rotation plan is needed on every farm. 



A welcome suggestion for many southern Illinois farms is the report that 
wild garlic and wild onion may be partly controlled by spraying with 2, 4-D in 
November, February, and March at a one and one-half pound rate. 

Small patches of perennial noxious weeds may be controlled by spraying at 
this time of the year with non-selective herbioides such as sodium chlorate or 
altacide. The recommended three-pound rate of application will kill or repress 
all vegetation for a year or more. 



This word to the dairyman* for faster and better milking practices a dairy 
cow should be properly stimulated before milking. 

Then, too, good cows have individual differences and need to be fed 
accordingly. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — With two impressive road victories under their belts, 
Southern Illinois University's Salukis return to McAndrew stadium Saturday (Nov. 13) 
for a non-league tussle with Washington University's Bears. 

The Salukis, 2-5 for the season, go into the contest with a steadily improving 

club. After a slow start Southern found its stride in a 20-7 IIAC triumph over 

Eastern Illinois, and further improvement was shown last weekend at Rolla when the 

Salukis rolled over the Miners at will, 27-13. 

Coach Carl Snaveley's crew from the Hilltop own a four game edge in the series 

that dates back to 1914. The Bears, boasting a veteran squad, have posted a 5-2 o 

record this fall, stumbling 27-0 to Wayne University and 7-6 to Western Michigan. 
Saluki Coach Bill O'Brien has given the brunt of his fast-jelling attack to 

Capt. Jack Schneider, Glen Carbon junior. Schneider, running from fullback and 

halfback, has picked up 343 yards on 77 carries, a 4.5 yard average. 

Two promising newcomers will combine as Schneider's running mates. Roy 

McClanahan, sophomore from Kirkwood, Mo., the team's top scorer with 20 points; ar.d 

Bob Jarvis, Zeigler freshman, who has gained 69 yards in 11 trips for a 6.2 average, 
Veteran bantam weight Gene Tabacchi, Auburn junior, and Gerry Hart, West 

Frankfort sophomore, will share the quarterbacking duties for the Salukis. Tabacchi 

has completed 19 passes in 44 attempts for 165 yards. Hart has hit nine of 27 for 

92 yards. 

The Bear9 base their single wing attack on the accurate passing of Tailback 
Mel Siegel. Siegel has connected 47 times in 94 tries for 672 yards and six touch- 
downs. The running department is headed by Tearing Ted Dunn, who spoiled Saluki 
hopes two seasons ago with three long touchdown runs. Dunn has compiled a 4.0 yard 

average per try, gaining 460 yards in 115 chances. 

The two lines stack up about equal. The Salukis* forward wall h?s allowed its 
opponents an average of 123.4 yard? rushing per game, while the Bear line has Jet 
the opposition chalk up 101, .1. yaids per game on the ground. Total offense against 
Southern has been 226*5 yards per game and 227.5 yards per game againat the Ec 

Both squads have weak pass defense, Southern allowing an average of 103 x y : V<~ 
passing per game for seven games. Washington has committen misquec enabling oppon- 
ents to complete an average of 126.4 yards on passes in seven contests . 

Game time is 1:30 p.m. with the SIU AF ROTC cadet corps performing at pro-game 
and halftime ceremonies. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

FARM EDITORS. COLD VfEATHER 

BRINGS MORE FIRE 
LOSSES IN HOMES 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — The beginning of the heating season 
with the arrival of cold weather always brings with it an increase in 
farm and home fire losses, most of Which could be prevented by observ- 
ing a few precautionary practices, says Fred Roth, Southern Illinois 
University agriculture engineer. The best way to prevent fires is 
to remove the causes which may be many and varied but usually fall 
into a small group. 

Many fires result from causes related to the heating plants- 
improper use of the furnace or stove, burned out smoke pipes, unsafe 
chimneys, and carelessly disposed hot ashes • 

Improper use of electricity is a second important cause of fires* 

Often the electrical wiring is in poor condition and too often 
fuses used are too large for safety. In most cases 15 amphere fuses 
are the largest that should be used on branch circuits. Extension and 
lamp cords need periodic inspection for worn or frayed spots. If 
these cannot be repaired satisfactorily the cords need replacing. 

Flammable liquids--gasoline, kerosene, and certain dry-cleaning 

fluids— frequently cause fires. Gasoline or kerosene never is safe 

for starting fires in the stove or furnace. It always is dangerous to 

use gasoline for dry cleaning ; use only safe solvents such as carbon 

tetrachloride. 

Accumulations of trash in and around the home are fire hazards, 
Clean out piles of paper and old clothing regularly. Roth says. They 
may ignite spontaneously, Such things as oily clcths and dust mop--; 
are especially dangerous when stored in a tcall closet. It is safer 
to keep them hanging in the open where there is adequate air 
circulation. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Releases BIMEDIATiS 

FARM EDITORS SENECA, KNOX, 

SALINE HEAD LIST 
IN WHEAT TESTS 

CARBONDALE, ILL,, NOV.—- .-jeneca, Knox and Saline varieties of 
soft winter wheat continued to yield ahead of other kinds in cooper- 
ative wheat variety trials at Southern Illinois University this year, 
E. F. Sullivan, supervisor of SlU-University of Illinois cooperative 
agronomy programs at Carbondale, reported today. 

Soft wheat varieties also consistently yielded higher than hard 
wheat varieties tested. Such testing programs are underway to find 
varieties which are particularly suited to southern Illinois conditions 
he says. 

Per acre yields for five top soft wheat varieties among those 
tested this year at SIU ares Seneca, 53 »1 bushels 5 Knox, *+7»5| Saline, 
k7l Butler, **2.2; and Royal, 39.3. 

The three top-ranking hard wheat varieties yielded s Triumph, 
^■1.5 bushels per acre; Ponca, ^O.^i and Pawnee, 33-1. 

Sullivan says that comparable yields were obtained in University 
of Illinois trials at Newton, West Salem, Enfield, Ewing, and Elizabeth 
town. The average in winter wheat variety trials for the six locations 
(including those at SIU) ares Knox, k?,9 bushels per acre; Butler, 
^7.3 1 Seneca, *+7.2; Saline, hk.7l and Royal, 37.7. Hard wheat varieties 
averaged h.5 bushels less per acre at the six locations, a trend that 
has occurred in past tests, he points out. 

Sullivan says that due to mild weather conditions the winter 
hardiness characteristics of the wheat varieties were not given much of 
a test during the past year. 

-am- 



. ....... 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release* IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Southern Illinois University now is the fourth largest 

institution of higher learning in the state, SIU President D. W. Morris said today in 

presenting an analysis of Southern's budget request for $16,500,000 for educational 

operation during the 1955-57 biennium. 

Citing day school enrollment of 70 colleges and universities in Illinois, 
President Morris said Southern, with 4,619 resident students, ranks fourth after the 
University of Illinois at Urbana, 16,897; Northwestern University, £822; and the 

University of Chicago, 4688. 

In accounting for the request for $8,117,600 in addition to the amount appropriat- 
ed for the current biennium, Morris observed that Southern 1 s present enrollment is 
unique in that it already is some 12 years in advance of the best "outside" 
predictions, having jumped more than 52 percent within the biennium. Evidence 
indicates now, he said, that the full-time total for 1955 will be 5,500, and in 

1956, 6500. 

"Large enrollment for its own sake has not been and is not one of our objectives, 

said President Morris; "but our program is geared to providing quality education and 

practical area service in an area classified economically as v depressed'. We hope 

education is one of the answers. If unprecendented numbers of young people are 

flocking to Southern, we cannot turn them away unless a lack of funds offers no 

alternative. With an exceptionally high enrollment we are in this biennium greatly 

handicapped by lack of funds." 

Number one item in the budget request is $11,669,195, including funds for 

salary increases, converting to continuing appointments some of the emergency staff 

members employed at the beginning of the present term to provide classes for the 

enrollment increase of more than 1,000, and to provide additional staff for the 

expected increase in the next biennium, 

Other items in the "asking" budget, approved by SIU Board of Trustees Friday 
(Nov* 5), are: for contractural services, $1,230,000; for equipment, $1,350,000. 
travel, $275,000; commodities, $900,000; office supplies, $235,000; employer retire- 
pent contributions, $160,000; awards and grants, $100,205; refunds, $10,000; and 
contingency, $570,000. 

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195*+ CUMULATIVE STATISTIC S 

Southern Illinois University 6 Southeast Missouri 7 

2 Illinois Normal 7 

7 Northern Illinois 2k 

Central Michigan 33 

Michigan Normal 20 

20 Eastern Illinois 7 

27 Missouri Mines 13 



Tines Carried 


SIU 
337 


OPP 
263 


Yards Gained 


mai 


1005 


Yards Lost 


207 


1**1 


Net Gain 


120** 


86k 


Pass Attempts 


77 


109 


Pass Completions 


29 


I19 


Had Intercepted 


8 


3 


Net Gain 


263 


722 


Scoring Passes 





7 


Total Plays 


1*1*+ 


372 


Net Gain 


l*f72 


1586 


Times Kicked 


**3 


■37 


Yards Kicked 


1^56 


1213 


Had Blocked 





1 


Touchdowns 


9 


17 


PAT Attempts 


9 


17 


PAT Made 


h 


3 


Field Goals 








Safeties 


2 





Total Points 


62 


110 


SEASON? W 2 5 


L 5 




IIACs W 1, 


L k 





PASS RECEIVING 


NUMBER 


Williams 


10 


Kahlenbeck 


k 


Ens 


3 


IlcClanahan 


l 


Schneider 


2 


Yusko 


2 


Johnson 


3 


Rushing 


1 


V/arf i eld 


1 


Kelley 


1 


Ernest 


1 

29"" 


PUNTING 


NUMBER 


Tabacchi 


35 


Williams 


k 


Yusko 


3 


Ens 


r^ 
W 


SCORING 


TD*S 


IlcClanahan 


3 


Ernest 


• 2 


Yusko 


1 


Warfield 


1 


Schneider 


1 


Hart 


1 


Tabacchi 






SIU (Hayes, Sinkowiz)_0. 

9 



YARDS 
93 

ko 

31 
32 

21 
20 
15 

13 
h 
k 

YARDS 

1169 

159 

99 

2 , 9 
1H56 

PAT 

2 











2 





SCORING 





















J3 



AVERAGE 

33.^ 
39,8 
33.0 

29.0 
33.8 

SAFETIES 








2 



BLOCKED 




P 

0~ 

TOTAL 
20 
12 

6 

6 

6 

6 

2 

h 
"55" 



RUSHING 


TI11F.S CARRIED 


GAIN 


LOSS 


NET 


Schneider 


11 


361 


18 


3^3 


Warfield 


37 


151 


13 


133 


Yusko 


kl 


139 


6 


133 


Ems 


3k 


1**0 


Ik 


126 


Johnson 


20 


91 


3 


83 


Ernest 


17 


Q6 


6 


30 


Jarvis 


11 


73 


k 


69 


Isola 


1k- 


72 





72 


McC lanahan 


12 


68 





63 


Hart 


2k 


70 


30 


ko 


Slowinski 


3 


3k 





3*+ 


Rodgers 


13 


kl 


Ik 


2r 


V/heeler 


k 


23 


3 


£0 


Kelley 


5 


18 


3 




Orlando 


l 


12 





12 


Kahlenbeck 


l 





k 


-4- 


Tabacchi 


337 


r!2- 
1M-11 


89 
207 


^57 
1204 


PASSING 


ATTEMPTS 


COMPLETIONS 


YARDS 


INTERCEPTED 


Tabacchi 


kk 


19 


165 


2 


Hart 


27 


9 


92 


5 


Ens 


3 


1 


11 


1 


Isola 


1 











Wheeler 


2 
11 



29 










268 


ir 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

Number 87 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

BIG HILL 

By John W. Allen (Please include 

Southern Illinois University "credit" line) 

The first settlers called it Big Hill. As hills go in Southern Illinois 

it was well named. Two miles wide in places, it begins a short way north of 

Grand Tower in Jackson County and extends some seven miles north-ward alongside 

the Mississippi. 

Precipitous sides where it borders the river and at its north end are often 
200 feet high. Heavy woodlands on top of the bluffs cause them to appear to be 
even higher. Bordered on all sides by the river and level farmlands, Big Hill 
is a conspicuous landmark. 

Early settlers came to this hill and built their cabins against its base. 
Many names prominent in the early history of the region thus are associated with 
the hill. In addition to its historical appeal, it also has various other features 
that attract visitors. 

Those interested in geology are intrigued by it. By what strange workings 

(of time and nature did this lonely hill come to stand where it is? Did the 
Mississippi River once flow on its eastern side? If it did flow there, what caused 
its change to the western side? Other puzzling questions are posed. Even though 
the visitor may know little geology, this rocky hill offers many delightful views. 
To those interested in plant life, Big Hill is a rich hunting ground. Plants 
native to regions much farther north and south can bo found on the hill and in the 
sheltered coves along its borders. The botanist finds upland and lowland plants 
as well as those common to regions lying at a considerable distance to the east 
and west. 

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Annular rings of one gnarled old oak growing on a rocky ledge near the river 
indicate that it was probably standing when Columbus came to America. Others 
growing there definitely saw the first French explorers pass this way, as well as 
the river pageant since that time. Thin soil and a scant water supply have kept 
these trees relatively small. However, many of them are truly venerable. 

Big Hill is also a haven for birds. It is a stopping place for migrants on 
their seasonal trips. A diverse plant and insect life attracts many birds as 
regular residents. Nature lovers, amateur or trained, watching here find birds 
that they would otherwise seldom see. 

With Indians Big Hill was a favorite living place, with fine springs at its 

base and lush grazing lands lying about it. Indian burial places are located at 

various points on top of the hill. Their rock carvings, at various points about 

the hill, are among the most interesting ones found in Southern Illinois. One 

interesting group of carvings is beneath an over-hanging rock ledge about midway 

on the river side. Here, overlooking the river far below, one finds carved 

symbols that give him pause. Preliminary inspection indicates that this shelter 

was used for many centuries — perhaps thousands of years — by primitive man. 

Carved arms and hands point to mystery, and footprints suggest vanished 

trails. Numerous eye-like symbols, whose meaning no one seems to definitely 

understand, peer at visitors. There are swastika-like carvings with arms reversed 

and circles about them. 

Some suggest that other markings may be a crude map representing the 

Mississippi flowing on the east side of the hill. A row of arched carvings suggest 

the huts of an Indian camp. Other markings show where the long-gone artisans 

sharpened their tools. A chair-like depression with queer markings upon it may 

symbolize the throne of a forgotten deity. Visitors look upon these carvings 

and wonder. 

It is a beautiful, lonely and quiet spot where these carvings are found. 

Except for an infrequent train passing on the railway at the foot of the bluff, 

little is heard except those sounds peculiar to the forest, (mor^ 



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At one point against the bluff and near the Indian carvings, sounds of the 

water rippling about the jetties on the Missouri side of the river and even the 

conversation there, a good half-mile away, is easily heard. It is a restful but 

lonely place. 

There are many points of historical interest about the hill. On the river 

side of Big Hill, a half-mile or so south of the Indian carvings, a narrow valley 

known as Trestle Hollow leads into the hill. According to legends it was at the 

mouth of this hollow that Tonti, LaSalle's faithful lieutenant, established a 

very early French trading post. 

An old dwelling, known for a century or more as the Henson House, stands just 

west of the state highway about midway of the eastern side of the hill. This home, 

a two room log house on a stone foundation, is said to have been built by Allen 

Henson before Illinois became a state. Study of the annular rings of logs from 

the south room, the older one, indicate that this may be true. 

A walled spring on the east side of the hill about three miles south from its 

north end marks the site where Jacob Lauzadder, or Lanzadder, had an ear ly -day 

watermill. The manhood home of Benningsen Boone, first white child born in Jackson 

County, was here. A drive-out and sign beside the highway indicates the spring. 

The large sandstone block that Boone used as a wash basin is on the campus of 

Southern Illinois University. 

The "White House," once the residence of Joseph Duncan, who was later to ber 

come governor of the state, stood beside the river at the north end of the hill. 

It was this Joseph Duncan, then living in and serving as state senator from Jackson 

County, that introduced legislation to establish the first free public schools in 

Illinois in 1825. 

A brother of Joseph Duncan had a watermill on the stream known as Duncan 1 s 
Mill Slough, just north of Big Hill. Some of the stones of the mill dam may still 
be seen. William Boon, Captain of Rangers in the War of 1812, moved from .-'and 
Ridge to the Joseph Duncan place in 1826 s and kept a woodyard there to supply river 
steamers, Boon d:.ed there in 1C33 and is buried in ore of the four old coPGterieSi 

An early block house that the settlers erected as protection againat the 
Indians during the Wai of 1812 was located at the south end of Bi.g Hiii* niiil : s 
Ferry, aoross the Mississippi, was also located at the south end of Big rliil, A 
Shipyard where steeroboat s . baarges, and flatboats were built was also located here. 
Many/interesting story centers about Big Hill. 

an —30— 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 



Release; IMMEDIATE 



CHICAGO, NOV. — T^e people of Eldorado, 111., told gone of the 
nation »s top educators Tuesday what a community development program 
has accomplished in their town. 

Eight Eldoradoans, including housewives, educators and a retail 
merchant, explained to the Adult Education Association of the U.S.A. 
how they conducted "Operation Bootstrap" with the help of Southern 
Illinois University. 

The project required plenty of hard work on the part of many 
citizens for "only a hen can produce dividents by just sitting arourA 
one of the speakers on a community development panel said. 

T. Leo Dodd, chairman of "Operation Bootstrap" during its si:: 
month study and research phase and now president of the permanent 
Eldorado Community Development Association, moderated the panel, Mrs* 
Mary Lou Watson told the educators how the program affected the "mar. 
on the street" 5 Ilrs. Pauline Hopkins described the volunteer effort 
that went into taking a comprehensive census in the town; Louis Ahrens 
grade school principal, talked about Eldorado history and its signify 
icance in the development program, and Howard George Draper, a clothing 
merchant, discussed the findings of a committee interested in new 
industry for the town. 

Draper ''s wife, chairman of the beautlf ication committee, cited 

numerous achievements of her group, including the complete remodeling 

of the city hall. She also said the committee was unable to persuade 

the Louisville and Nashville Railroad to install a warning signal at 

an Eldorado crossing because only one train used the crossing all day; 

however, the engineer now stops the train at the crossing and waits for 
the traffic to clear. (more) 



Alfred "Eozo" Adams, high school athletic director who also 
talked about the city hall renovation, said the old courtroom floor 
had once dropped four inches during a trial, and "the only reason it 
didn't drop more was because the termites were holding hands". 

The convention session that featured the Eldorado people was 
one of three arranged by Richard W« Poston, director of the SIU 
department of community development, between Sunday and Tuesday. 
Some 1200 persons attended the convention sessions in the Morrison 
Hotel. 



•eh- 



HEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

SPORTS DESK 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Gene Tabacchi is speedily becoming 
Southern Illinois University's highest paid athlete-- in varsity 
monograms, that is. 

The small but mighty 5-3, l*+3-pound package from Auburn earned 
letters in football, basketball, and baseball last year as a s o phono 'Vi 
and is off to a fast start this fall quarterbacking the Saluki grid 
squad. If he continues at the present pace he will have collected 
nine letters by graduation time. 

Tabacchi has been the smallest man on the field in each of Soufc" 
ern's seven games. But he hasn't let his watch charm size detract 
from his passing form. After a slow start he has completed 19 passe 7 
in kk attempts for 165 yards to lead in that department. His deceptin 
ball handling has brought praise from coaches and enemy scouts. 

Southern Coach Bill O'Brien commented, "If Tab were six inches 
taller and kO pounds heavier, he would be a great quarterback instead: 
of a good one," 

Almost hidden behind the bulk of ponderous Center Kent Werner, 
Tabacchi leads the Salukis T-of fons o and masterminds most of the 
passing plays. What he lacks in height on defense he equalizes in his 
viscious tackling, moving up quickly from his safety post. 

The Mighty iiite will be trying to pitch his team to its third 
win in a row Saturday (Nov. 13) when the Salukis tackle Washington 
University's Bears in HcAndrew stadium. 



-oy^ 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — With an enrollment increase of nearly 30 percent 
this fall, Southern Illinois University is expecting a record group of parents at 
SIU*s fifth annual Parents 1 Day Saturday (Nov. 13). 

A full schedule of activities is being planned so parents can become better 
acquainted with Southern's program and facilities. The day will begin at 10 a«,m. 
with registration in the Student Union. 

Student guides will then take the visitors through the new Life Science 
building, the University school, and the Allyn Art building. 

Parents will attend the football game between Southern and the Washington 
University team in McAndrew stadium. Following the game coffee will be served in 
the living centers and at the Student Union, 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Ehone: 1020 Release: NOV. 11 and after. 

WASHINGTON, NOV. — Dr. William J. Tudor, associate director of Area 
Services at Southern Illinois University, was elected Thursday (Nov. 11) as a 
member of the national board of directors of the National Conference of Christians 
and Jews. 

Tudor 1 s election was announced at the 26th annual meeting of the NCCJ here 
at the Mayflower Hotel. 

Re-elected national co-chairmen of the board were: B e nson Ford, vice 
president of Ford Motor Company; James F. Twohy, West Coast industrialist, and 
Roger W, Strauss, chairman of the American Smelting and Refining Co. 

Tudor, a sociologist, has been on the SIU staff since 1948, coming here frv- 
Iowa State College. In 1951, he served as a research consultant with the Near 
East Foundation in Greece and lectured at the Superior School of Agriculture at 
Athens under a Fulbright professorhsip. 

Acitve in many civic organizations, Tudor is president of the Carbondale 
Chamber of Commerce and the Shrine Club, board member of Southern Illinis, Incr,. 
and the area YMCA, and leadership training committee chairman of the Egyptian 
Council of Boy Scouts. 

Mrs. Philip E. Burner, Collinsville, is director of the Southern Illinois 
region of the NCCJ. Other area leaders include: Louis Wides, Murphysboro; 
Ben Ofer, Centralia; Oliver Joseph, Abe Small and Ed Hansmann, Belleville; 
Rev. J. J, Higgnes, Parks College of St. Louis University; John Brohead, East 
St. Louis; Mrs. Robert H. Lewis, J. J. Springman and Alvie Stolze, Alton, and 
L. E. Morris, Collinsville. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

FILLERS (Compiled by John Allen) 

(SIU) - In 1790 the present state of Illinois was divided into only two 
counties, St. Clair and Knox. St. Clair County included the western side, Knox 
the eastern side of the state. 



(SIU) - The main section of the courthouse at Waterloo was built in 1851 at 
a ucost of $8,000. 

(SIU) - When William Bissell was elected as the first Republican Governor of 
Illinois John A. Logan, then a representative in the state legislature, proteste 
the newly elected governor's eligibility to the office, contending that Bisse..?. 
had disqualified himself by the acceptance of a challenge to fight a duel with 
Jefferson Davis. 



(SIU) - An old sailor named Pittulo was the first teacher of a school at 
Golconda in 1800. In addition to teaching, he also grew a large garden and sold 
his vegetables to the flatboatmen. 

(SIU) - Eddyville in Pope County was an important tobacco market. Axles were 
attached to the hogshead of prized tobacco and they were rolled to Golconda for 
shipment by river. 

(SIU) - Tobacco was once a common crop in southern Illinois. Waltersburg on 
the Vienna-Golconda road was an important tobacco market. Tobacco was prized 
here and taken to Golconda for shipment by boat. 



(SIU) - A large cotton gin operated about four miles west and two miles south 
of Hamletsburg in Pope County as late as 1876. 

-30- 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERISTY T ui/ct»wp 

Carbondale, Illinois - P h one: 1020 Release: IMMEDKTE 

CARBONDALE, ILL.., NOV. —Quail hunters may earn money by shooting banded birds 

during the season which opened Thursday. 

Dr. Willard Klimstra, associate professor of zoology at Southern Illinois 

University and director of the SIU Wildlife Research Laboratory, said hunters 
bagging birds carrying a leg band with the words "S.I.U., Carbondale, 111." will be 
sent $1 for returning the band along with a note specifying where the bird was shot. 
The numbered bands will contribute information for quail studies being made 

by Southern and the Illinois Natural History Survey. 

On the basis of recent research,. Klimstra said, sportsmen can expect to find 

better hunting conditions this year though the number of quail will be about the 

same as the last two years. He explained that moisture conditions will help dogs 

pick up the scent. Too, the birds have taken to heavier cover with cooler weather 

and will hold better there for the dogs. 

Because of the severe drouth this summer, hunting may not be as good in some 

areas north of Elkville, Klimstra reported. In late .June, July and August, air 
temperatures as high as 113 degrees were reported near some nests, Klimstra said, 
and were responsible for the entire or partial loss of four nests under observation 

by researchers. 

Recent studies have shown that hatching success was not too good this year, 

but greater sizes of clutches and broods will make up the difference, Klimstra 
said. There was an average of two more eggs per nest and two more birds per brood 

this year. 

Research which Klimstra is directing with the help of Dr. Thomas G. Scott 

of the Natural History Survey also showed that nesting success was well distribut- 
ed through the season. This will insure hunters of getting birds of more maturity 
rather than a predominant number of small quail or ,: squealers." 

In addition to the sportsmen who will help the research projects by returning 
leg bands, 175 hunters from the area have agreed to send quail wings to the 
University so that the age of birds killed may be calculated, Klimstra said. 

-eh- 



i.'".' 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone; 1020 Release: IMMED4TE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Southern Illinois University's cross country team 
will close its 1954 season Saturday (Nov. 13), traveling to Normal for the 
Interstate Intercollegiate Athletic Conference meet. 

Coach Leland P. "Doc" Lingle*s harriers carry a 3-3 record into the meet. 

The Salukis defeated Memphis State, Western Illinois, and Washington University 

while falling twice to Eastern Illinois and once to Illinois Normal. 

be 
Southern runners will/led by Capt. Larry Havens, Carbondale, only holdover 

from the 1953 squad, and track lettermen Sam DeNeal, Harrisburg, and Howard 

Branch, Mounds. Freshmen Bob Orto, Galatia, Don Hecke, East St. Louis, and 

Larry Terneus, Hillsboro, round out the team. 



-by- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone; 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Thirty-five area high school principals will visit 
Southern Illinois University's campus Nov. 16 (Tues.) to have conferences with 
SIU freshmen who graduated from their schools last year; and to talk with academic 
advisers, academic deans, members of the student affairs office, and the registrar's 
office. 

The principals, all from high schools that have furnished SIU with a 
considerable number of freshmen this year, expect to 1) learn from former seniors 
shortcomings and strong points in their high school training programs as well 
as in the University freshman program; 2) give key SIU officials their opinions 
on the college program based on freshman interviews as well as any preformulated 
opinions; 3) take back to faculty members any suggestions for improving high 
school programs; and 4) hear University officials' opinions on shortcomings and 
strong points of high school preparation. 

In a reciprocal way the University officials expect to gain much from the 
conference that will strengthen the freshman class program. 

The conference program will open at 9 a.m. with an orientation session 
conducted by Dr. Charles D. Tenney, SIU vice president for instruction. The 
principal-freshman interviews will be held from 9: 30 a.m. to 12 noon. 

At a luncheon meeting Dr. T. W. Abbott, dean of the College of Liberal Arts 
and Sciences; and F. G. Warren, chairman of the Education Department, will act 
as co-chairmen in an informal discussion. 

During the afternoon Dr. Jack Graham, Office of Student Affairs, will describe 
the testing program for entering freshmen; Dr. Betty Greenleaf, supervisor of 
student activities, will talk on "Student Problems Other then Academic,"; and 
George Camp of the English department will speak on "The Freshman and His Language." 

Under the chairmanship of Dr. E. C. Coleman of the English department and 

Paul M. Hoffman of the Business Administration department, a symposium will be held 
at 1:30 p.m. on "Problems of Freshmen as Discovered by their Academic Advisers." 

(more) 



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2 

The concluding discussion will be a presentation of opinions by high school 
principals. Co-chairmen of this discussion will be Arthur Milward, Mt. Vernon 
township high school, and Eugene Eckert, Herrin township high school. 

Principals invited to take part in the conference are: 

ALBION: John E. Skinner. 
ANNA-JONESBORO: Paul Houghton. 
ASHLEY: Vernon J. Marr. 
BENTON: Herbert Mundell, 

CARBONDALE: Community high school, N. A. Rosanj Attucks high 
school, J. Q. Clark,, 

CARMI: U. B. Jeffries, 
CARTERVILLE: J. D. Vanderveer. 
CENTRALIA: Lloyd S. Henson. 
CHESTER: Scott H. Courier. 
CHRISTOPHER: Orland Kelley. 
COBDEN: Bert Casper. 
DUQUOIN: R. P. Hibbs. 
ELDORADO: W. a. Knoop. 
FAIRFIELD: B, Floyd Smith. 
GALATIA: C. R. Gardner. 
GOLCONDA: Tim O'Brien 
HARRISBURG: Raymond Foster. 
HERRIN: Eugene Eckert. 
JOHNSTON CITY: Carl Planinc. 
MCLEANSBORO: Carl E. Nation. 
MT. VERNON: Arthur Milward. 
MARION: William Bundy. 
METROPOLIS: Maurice Clark. 
MURPHYSBORO: T. C. Shoberg. 
PINCKNEYVILLE: Roland Keene, 
ROSICLARE: J. R. Martin. 
SESSER: Charles R. Thompson. 
SPARTA: John R. Warren. 
TRICO: (Campbell Hill) Gene Goforth. 
VALIER: Walter Malone. 
VIENNA: Toby Hightower. 
WEST FRANKFORT: L. Goebel Patton. 
ZEIGLER: Ianthus Krutsinger. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondie, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — A Spanish scientist, touring the United States 
to study plant breeding methods, made an unscheduled trip to Southern Illinois 
University to view work in gene conversion being done by Dr. Carl Lindegrin, 
chairman of the SIU microbiology department. 

Dr. Enrique Sanchez-Monge, who was sent to the United States as part of 
a training program under the Spanish department of agriculture, said SIU was 
not on his itinerary, "but I could not come to this country without visiting Dr. 
Lindegren*s laboratory. There are few microbiologists in Spain, but among 
these few Dr. Lindegren is a by-word. I first heard of his work in 1947 at 
a meeting in Copenhagen." 

On a tour through SIU's new Life Science building and especially the 
biological research laboratory, Dr. Sanchez-Monge expressed enthusiasm over the 
new facilities. "In Spain this equipment would need to be imported and would 
be very expensive," he said. 

Dr. Sanchez-Monge described his government as "extremely interested in 
scientific development and doing much to promote more scientific methods of 
plant breeding." 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — A German secondary school teacher on Southern Illinois 

University's foreign language staff this year says a post-war population increase of 

10,000,000 persons in West Germany has resulted in a double-shift program of public 

school education. 

Dr. Harald Huoner, in the United States under the Fulbright exchange plan, says, 

"Our natural population increase has been small, but our school enrollment increase 

due to the influx of refugees from the Iron Curtain border states is staggering." 
The professor reveals that even more refugees have been coming over to West 

Germany since the Russian revolt of June 1953 when Iron Curtain restrictions were 

lowered for East German travel. 

The three-day revolt which started in East Berlin and spread throughout East 

Germany was, Dr. Huener says, "a red-letter day for the East zone. Since then it is 

much easier to travel in and out of the Russian zone." 

The teacher says war damaged schools are being rebuilt and new schools are going 

up, "but it will be quite a while before we have enough classrooms. In the meantime 

our children are forced to attend school in shifts." 

Dr. Huener explains that his wife; daughter, Heidrum, 12; and son, Hartwig, 10, 

are not with him because Mrs. Huener "remained at home to help her mother move 

over from the East zone. It is not difficult to receive permission to leave the East 

zone but you must relinquish your real estate. You can gain permission to move your 

possessions but finding a van to do the job often takes endless months." 

A former teacher in the Bismsrck public school for boys in Hanover, Dr. Huener 

observes that. "Americans find it hard to understand our school system. At first 

glance they say it seems undemocratic because we only admit the more gifted students 

to university training." 

He explains the German reasoning back of this system; "We need highly trained 
experts- in the professions and average or inferior students would lower the level 
of university learning. 

"We depend on a highly enriched elementary school curriculum through the eighth 
grade to raise the educational standard of the masses. More gifted students are then 
directed, usually from the fourth grade, toward secondary and university training. 
At no age level, however, is any child that shows promise excluded from transferring 
into the more advanced program." 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Ear-marked for salary increases to academic and 

non-academic personnel is $1,393,000 of Southern Illinois University's budget 

request of $16,500,000 for educational operation in the 1955-57 biennium. 

Southern's president, D. W. Morris, explained that the amount asked for 

includes funds needed to supplement the present number of faculty members and to 

convert present emergency appointments to continuing appointments. 

Enrollment at SIU this fall has reached an all-time high of 4,600 full-time 

students, an increase of more than 1,000 over a year ago. For the two years of 

the current biennium the increase has been 52^- percent. Present indications are 

that full-time enrollment in 1955 will be 5,500 and in 1956> 6,500, 

"Actually the level of our faculty has dropped in terms of professional 

preparation and experience," President Morris raid, referring to the necessity 

of employing in the fall emergency some teachers whose qualifications were only 

slightly above minimum standards of the university* "Ws must cry to regain lost 

ground before we may hope to continue what have been rucerrf ul efforts toward 

building an exceptionally strong teaching corp©»" 

With few exceptions, there have been no faculty salary increases at SIU 

this biennium because of the heavy pressure of students and the necessity for using 

all available funds for extra staff* 

President Morris said today that the amount asked for increases is invline 

with the resolution adopted last July by the state's ..Joint Council on Higher 

Education. 

The resolution stated that the "urgent need for salary adjustments" has 

grown out of the following facts: 1 -Salaries in Illinois colleges and universities 

have fallen behind those of comparable institutions in. other states; 2-Illinois 

colleges are falling behind competitively in the retention and recruitment of 

qualified staff; 3-The status of the teach&r has suffered in comparison with 

other professions; and 4-Salary levels have not kept pace with increases in the 
cost of living. 

Lack of funds has been so acute duxing this period, President Morris said, that 
SIU has been "losing good teachers and failing to get some we would like to have." 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL. , NOV. — A Southern Illinois University faculty member has 

invented a simply -designed metal cabinet which can be substituted for a complex 

theater lighting switchboard at only a fraction of the cost. 

Lawrence Voss, assistant professor of speech and technical director of the 

Little Theater, devised the versatile light control panel to bring professional 

theater lighting to high schtols at minimum cost. There is no reason, however, why 

the dimming unit would not work in larger theaters or television studios, Voss said. 
"With this system of floating dimmer units, theaters can have adequate lighting 

without expensive switchboards and without discarding present equipment, "Voss 

reported. 

One has already been installed at the West Frankfort High School and another 

will go into the new auditorium of DuQuoin High School. 

Voss did considerable research, including a study of theatrical equipment in 

Illinois high schools, to find an economical answer to high school lighting problems, 

but "the final product is so simple I am amazed no one thought of it before," 

The dimmer panel, with outlets for 20 circuits, can dim 6,000 watts of power 

at one time. It will cost only a fraction as much as a standard theater switchboard 

and Voss believes it is equally effective. 

Voss said that in theaters where funds are very limited, the panel board could 

be put into use with only one dimmer, and additional dimmers can be installed at 

any time. The dimming unit does not even require any special kind of switchboard. 

At West Frankfort, the old switchboard was used. 

With a portable demonstration model, Voss takes a plug known as a polarized 

two-pole jack and inserts it into a circuit on which there is a 100-watt bulb. 

By turning the knob on a transformer, the light is regulated to any desired degree. 

The plug can be put into the circuit #r taken out without any noticeable effect on 

the light until the transformer knob is rotated. In a theater, all the stage and 
house lights can be similarly regulated. 

Voss has applied for a patent on the dimmer panel which he conceived in order 
to help out Paul Hibbs, DuQuoin High School principal. A prominent stage lighting 
firm in New York will make the installation at DuQuoin from Voss* blueprints. 
Voss himself built the unit in use at West Frankfort in his spare time this summer. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS. 

SIU COUNTRY COLUMN 
By Albert Meyer 

Beef cattle and hogs will make good use of corn left in the fields during 

the picking operation. Usually these leavings count up to a sizeable amount. 

A one-or two-strand temporary electric fence 6an be put up quickly and will 

keep the animals confined. 



Close grazing of meadows and pastures is not recommended in the fall for 
a month or so before killing frost. The plants need a growth period in which 
to build up plant foot in the root system for vigor in the coming year. However, 
after a killing frost has stopped top growth alfalfa or other legumes, meadows 
may be grazed lightly. 



The soil's water holding capacity may be increased by the addition of barn- 
yard manure, green manure, and crop residues* The greater the quantity of such 
organic matter returned to the soil, the more water it can hold for supply to 
crops during periods of drouth. 



According to studies, the increased use of fertilizers will reduce soil 
erosion losses up to as much as 50 percent. Largely this is due to an increase 
in the quality and quantity of residue organic matter that is returned to the 
soil in the form of plant roots and top growth. 



November is a month that brings with it many small and large tasks around 
the farm home in preparation for the winter. 

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Those who have strawberry patches or fields ought to mulch them with straw 
sometime during the month. Other mulching material may be used, but straw 
seems to be the best. It protects without packing down so tightly as to 
smother plants. 

November is the time to make grape cuttings and to begin transplanting fruit 
trees and most kinds of shade trees. It also is the month in which to dig and 
store tender flower bulbs and corms or to cover them for protection from winter 
freezing. 



A farm marketing specialist at Southern Illinois University says that 
farmers who expect to buy corn to meet their feeding requirements this year 
ought to consider purchasing it during the harvest period when the corn price 
likely will be lowest. 

ome farmers in non-drouth areas did not stay within their acreage allotments, 
so the corn produced on those farms is not eligible for price support and loans. 
Much of this corn will come on the market during the harvest period and may 
depress the price to level6 considerably below the $1.62 support price. As this 
harvest surplus is taken off, the market prices will begin rising again and 
corn may closely approach the loan rate during the last half of the feeding 
season. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. --Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV, — A "shining mountain" and a "golden sea" came together 
this fall on Southern Illinois University 1 s campus when Miss Kun La Kim and Mr. 
Won Bok Kim were introduced for the first time. 

Both new students from Soeul, Korea, the Kims explained in a joint interview 

that they are not related — that Kim is a common family name in Korea meaning 

"something shiny like gold*" In Miss Kim's case the "something" is a mour.tain and 

in Won Bok's case it is a sea. 

Won Bok, who has been in the United States a year studing sociology in varies 

colleges, considers himself a veteran visitor compared with Miss Kim, who arrived 

only a month ago. 

He is more or less adjusted now to the painted houses, the clean streets, and 
women driving cars. But Miss Kim exclaims with childlike delight, "How do the 
houses and buildings stay so white? Do you paint them every year? Our buildings r 
are all made of dark, red brick." 

Miss Kim, a petite beauty with mischievous brown eyes, is demurely shy in 
the way of her countrywomen. Won Bok, a handsome, athletically built young man 
says, "All Korean women are shy. I don't know why. They just are." 

Miss Kim, a sociology major too, explains coyly. "It's just a custom. We 

don't really feel shy." 

Both students speak excellent English although Kim believes that Miss Kim 

has the edge on him here. "Women learn foreign language pronunciation better 

because they are such mimics — like a monkey," he joked for Miss Kim's benefit. 

We are catching up with you men, though," the Korean miss retaliated and Mr. 
Kim agreed that his countrywomen are now taking their places in Korean public life. 

"But they talk so much. They are everywhere now with their talk, talk, talk," 
he retorted goodhumoredly. 

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The Kims are among SIU's record crop of 35 students from 19 foreign countries. 
The other students are Siegfried Adler and Carl Wolfram, Germany; Salem Al-Jaryan 
and Abdul Wahaib, Iraq; Osvaldo Bacchetta, Argentine; Zamir Bavel, Israel; Arturo 
Brenes-Pomales and Samuel Brindle, Puerto Rico; and Eduardo Campos and Lopaz 
Nerlinda Tamaz, Mexico, 

Fahmi and Farid Dahdah, Abd, Faiz, and Riad Daqqaq, Shihadeh Kandah, Ri ;hard 
Patterson, Raja Salti, Jordon; Robert B. Drysdale, Scotland; Douglas Fu Yuan. 
Tien Sun Huang, William Jing-Foo Lew, and Pong-Twan Wu 3 Formosa; Sergio Gazitua ai) r '. 
Adriana Neumann Salas, Chile; Monique Gousserey, France; Hans-Werner GruRinger s 
Switzerland; Gloria King-Powell, Jamaica; Razouk Malik, Lebanon; Eiba WSunoZj 
Honduras; Adnan Siam, Syria; and James W c Ying, China. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS. 



SOUTHERN ILLINOIS 
AGRICULTURE NEEDS 
MARKETING STUDY 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Southern Illinois agriculture needs thorough 
marketing studies in three fields, says Lee Kolmer, Southern Illinois University 
marketing specialist and supervisor of adult education in agriculture. 

These are: milk, poultry, and fruits and vegetables. Grain and livestock 
marketing probably also need study, he adds. 

Studies of milk marketing should include: 1 - Finding new outlets for the 
Grade A milk produced in the area; 2 - Research to determine why people of 
southern Illinois do not consume more dairy products; 3 - Instituting action 
programs designed to correct the causes of underconsumption of dairy products .':; 
the area. 

Southern Illinoisans need to investigate the possibilities of improving 
present methods of egg marketing so that the area! egg producers will have a 
channel for selling high quality eggs. If increasing broiler production is to 
continue to expand, he says, there also will need to be an evaluation of present 
processing methods to determine how these may be improved. 

The major problem in fruit and vegetable marketing in southern Illinois is 
to devise methods by which producers may maintain high quality from the field 
to the consumer, Kolmer says. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — The 71-piece Southern Illinois Symphony Orchestra, 
scheduled to present its first concert of the season here Nov. 23, has at least 
11 professional music directors in its ranks this year* 

Conductor Maurits Kesnar said the six-year-old orchestra is now composed of 
41 area musicians serving without pay and 30 Southern Illinois University students, 
representing 29 towns* 

The orchestra rehearses each Tuesday night, with some of its members traveling 
more than 100 miles. Engagements already booked for this season include three 
Carbondale concerts, a Christmas "Messiah" production, and SIU commencement 
exercises in June. 

Kesnar listed the music directors in the orchestra and their instruments as: 

ANNA: Charles M» Roed, band director of Anna State Hospital, 1st violin. 

CARBONDALE,: Gene Barnett, grade school band director, principal trombone; 
Philip Olsson, SIU band director, 1st trumpet. 

CARTERVILLE: Kenneth Mills, school music director, principal 1st viola. 

CHRISTOPHER: Marvin L. Victor, school music director, double bass. 

DUQUOIN: Melvin Seiner, high school music director, principal bass; Randall 
Ashley, grade school band director, viola. 

HERRIN: C. B. Nesler, grade school band director, 1st violin. 

MT. VERNON: Harry Dunham, junior high music director, viola. 

SHAWNEETOWN: Jerry M. Kupchynsky, school music director, cellist. 

ZEIGLER: Bernaw W. Cervini, school music director, 1st violin. 

In addition, Don LeMasters, trumpeter who operates the Egyptian Music Store, 
Carbondale, has been a music teacher. There are also two choral directors: Mrs. 
Ernestine Taylor, Carbondale, 1st violin, and A. E. Etherton, Benton, 1st violin. 

Other members of the orchestra are: 

ALTON: Dolores Budde, Clarinet. 

BENTON: Philip Eigenmann, flute; Charles Keaton, trumpet; Shirley Keaton, 
French horn; Charles Taylor, trumpet. 

CARBONDALE: John Wharton, violin; Helen A. Fraley, violin; Bernice Kaplan, 
vielin; Edith Krappe, violin; J. Cary Davis, viola; Eileen Barry, cello; Mary 
Isbell, cello; Robert White, percussion; Joyce Hall, oboe. 

CHESTER: Joyce Gillian, French horn; Donald Divers, French horn, 

CHICAGO: Martha Nelson, violin. 

CHRISTOPHER: Rebecca McGovern, percussion, tuba. 

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COLLINSVILLE: Stephanie Sulek, bassoon; Marion ^letcher, timpany. 

DUQUOIN: Eugene Mayor, violin; Phyllis Maxton, French horn. 

GRAND TOWER: Mark Hughes, viola. 

GRANITE CITY: Phyllis Foster, flute. 

HARRISBURG: Peggy Fulkerson, oboe. 

HERRIN: Julian Emlen and Ruth Blanche Emlen, violins; Joe Hindman, trombone; 
Jack Zwick, clarinet; Don Null, trombone. 

JOHNSTON CITY: James Parker, violin; Margaret Parker, piano. 

LITCHFIELD: Ronald Mitchell, percussion. 

MADISON: Donald Reed, French horn. 

MARION: Blanche Thomas, oboe; Sam Wright, clarinet; Robert Thomas, bassoon; 
Gwendolyn Weltge, clarinet. 

MT. VERNON: Everett Boyd, violin; Richard Eddir.g, violin; Harry Dunham, 
viola; Eleanor Hall, viola; John L. Stables, flute; William Wechsler, French horn. 

MURPHYSBORO: Bernice Baumgartner, violins Gilbert Reiman, violin; Allene 
McCord, cello; John Richmond,, cello; Carl McCord, bass, 

OLNEY: Joyce Petty, violin. 

PULASKI: Francis Willis, bassoon. 

ROYALTONs Herman Sims, flute. 

SALEM: Robert Go]d?bo?. ough ? percussion. 

SPRXNGFIELDs Carol Jean Davis, cello 

VANDALIA? William Wade ; tuba, 

VIENNA: R3. chard Hunsaker, violin. 

WEST FRANKFORT: Marshall Gilula, violin. 

ZEIGLER: Rosemary Crawford, violin. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111*— Phone* 1020 Release* IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION* FARM EDITORS 

EARLY ORDER GETS 
THE BEST TURKEY 
FOR THANKSGIVING 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV* — The housewife planning a turkey dinner for Thanks- 
giving should order the bird from her supplier at least a week before it is 
needed, says Scott Hinners, Southern Illinois University poultry specialist. 

By placing an early order she has a better opportunity to obtain a plump, 
well-fattened, tender turkey of the size needed. Allow from one-half to three- 
fourths pound of dressed weight turkey for each adult who will be served. 

The days when there were only large turkeys available for the holiday meai 
are past* Hinners points out* Turkey production is a big, specialized enterprise 
today and turkeymen have improved the birds by selective breeding. Today the 
housewife can buy almost any size turkey she needs. 

If the family cannot consume a whole turkey at a meal the cook may prepare 
only a half or quarter of the bird. Preparing turkeys in halves or quarters 
does not cause loss of flavor in roasting, Hinners says; 

Left-over turkey should be no problem, he adds* Sliced cold turkey with 
nut bread) creamed turkey on toast, in patty shells* or in potato baskets; 
turkey pot pie, and turkey croquettes are delicious* 

Most people prefer a large turkey hen to a turkey torn of the same size, 
Hinners says, but well-fattened large toms are fine flavored, usually cost less 
per pound, and yield a higher percentage of edible meat, making them the most 
economical. 

Large increases in turkey production in recent year s have made them comparative- 
ly cheap and within the reach of most budgets* More and more, turkeys are 
becoming not just a Thanksgiving meat item but are served all year, a tendency 
that needs acceleration, Hinners says* 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone* 1020 Release* IMMEDIATE 

Number 88 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

JOHN MASON PECK 

By John W. Allen (Please include 
Southern Illinois University "credit line) 

One summer day in 1825 the Reverend John Milcott Ellis, an educational 
missionary sent out by Old South Church in Boston, was riding along the roadway 
between Lebanon and O'Fallon in St. Clair County. The church in Boston had sent 
him out to establish "an institution of learning that shall bless the West." 

A few miles west of Lebanon he came upon a workman shaping timbers for a 

building that was evidently not to be a dwelling house or barn. After an exchange 

of salutations Ellis asked, "What are you doing here, stranger?" The workman 

replied, "I arn building a theological seminary." And that was exactly what he 

was doing. 

This workman that Ellis had found was also a minister, the Reverend John Mason 

Peck. Peck likewise had come from the East as a missionary. His principal 

objective was, like that of Ellis, to advance the cause of education in the 

newly settled region. His first work had been in the state of Missouri. 

After five years of somewhat successful work in Missouri, Peck moved to 

Illinois in the early part of 1822. Here he bought a half-section of land and 

established a farm at a place known as Rock Springs. The proceeds from his farming 

operations plus the five dollars a week sent him by a missionary society back East 

and occasional donations from churches where he served as pastor, enabled Peck to 

devote much of his time to the promotion of better schools. 

The two men who had thus met by chance soon found that they had much in 

common. Each was a minister sent to the region by eastern missionary groups. Each 

had been instructed to make an earnest effort to advance the cause of education. 

Each was a capable, high-minded, unselfish and devoted man. It is not strange, 

therefore, that each was successful. 

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The school that Peck founded beside the roadway where Ellis had found 

him became Rock Springs Seminary, the first place of higher learning established 

in Illinois, A few years later the academy Peck had established became Alton 

College and after a second change of name survives today as Shurtleff College. 

The efforts of Ellis resulted, a year or so later, in the establishment of Illinois 

College at Jacksonville, 

Perhaps the work of Ellis and P G ck encouraged the establishment of a third 

college in Illinois, The Methodist Church observed the work of these two men, and 

saw indications that it would be successful. They also fc.lt the need of a school 

to train men for their ministry and accordingly founded another school, somewhat 

similar to the one Peck established at Rock Springs, in nearby Lebanon. The 

school founded by the Methodists, now well into its second century of service, 

survives as McKendree College, 

Information concerning Rock Springs Seminary appears in the Quarterly Register 

of the Educational Society for November 1830, It indicates that there were two 

departments of the school. One was much like the New England academies or our 

high schools of today. The other division was a seminary for the training of 

those preparing for the ministry even though they might be adults. 

Except for brief intervals, Peck continued to live at Rock Springs until his 

death in 1858. During his 36 years in the state, he remained a powerful influence 

in many fields and numbered among his close friends practically all the great men 

of Illinois. 

Peck was an ardent and devoted churchman, an eminent historian, an author of 

note, an active and influential opponent of duelling and polygamy, an inspiring 

teacher and minister, a temperance advocate, a newspaper editor and publisher, 

an advocate of education for Negroes and Indians, secretary and general jgent of 

the American Baptist Publication Society, one of the founders of the Illinois 

State Lyceum, a forceful and convincing speaker, and an advocate of a process of 

examination for immigrants before admitting them, 

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He strongly opposed slavery and was among those most active in opposing it 

in the election of 1824, when an effort was made to have Illinois become a slave 

state. Peck was instrumental in the formation of committees to actively campaign 

against slavery in practically all the counties of the state. Few did as much as he 

to defeat slavery in Illinois. Though strongly opposed to slavery, Peck urged 

observance of the Fugitive Slave Law and advocated the formation of colonies for 

Negroes. 
In 1829 Peck became editor of a newspaper published at Rock Springs, the eighth 

one in the state. He became its owner and publisher in the fall of that year. It 

shortly became a church paper, perhaps the first one published in Illinois, 
in addition to his work with the newspaper-church paper, Peck wrote and 

published extensively. In 1831 he published a Guide for Immigrants, to be reprint- 
ed in 1836 and again in 1837. The wealth and accuracy of information in this book 

is amazing, and it is still consulted by those studying conditions at that time. 
His Gazetteer of Illinois, published in 1834 and republished in 1837, was 

likewise a valuable book. The Guide for Immigrants and Gazetteer of Illinois doubt- 
lessly did as much as any other two books published to bring settlers to Illinois 
before 1860. 

In 1835, working with John Messinger, another prominent early Illinoisan, Peck 

published an accurate sectional map of Illinois that embodied many new and valuable 

features. In 1847 he published a biography of Daniel Boone, who had been a regular 

attendant at the church in Missouri where Peck was pastor. Annals of the West, 

written by James H. Perkins, was edited, revised and published in 1850. In addition 

to the books mentioned, Peck wrote many articles, kept a most extensive journal, 

carried on wide correspondence, and collected an immense amount of historical 

materials. His collection of historical materials and notes relating to the Midwest 

and recognized as one of the best ever gathered, was unfortunately destroyed by fire. 
Peck died at Rock Springs in 1858 and, in accordance with his request, was 

buried there. Twenty-nine days later his body was exhumed and taken to a cemetery 
in St. Louis where another funeral service was held and the body re-interred. 

Rock Springs Seminary and John Mason P e ck have surely left their imprint upon 

the state. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, Illinois, Phone: 1020 Release* IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — The Southern Illinois University Salukis can finish 

with the best football season'' s record since the 1947 conference champions if they 

beat the Western Illinois Leathernecks here Saturday (Nov. 20). 

A victory would give the Salukis a season 1 s record of 3 wins end 6 losses and 
would assure them of a fifth place berth in the IIAC standing. 

Three senior Saluki linemen playing their last game Saturday are tackles 
Dave Stroup, Carbondale, and Ray Blaszak, Chicago and guard Cliff Johnson, Cairo. 

Coach Bill O'Brien will be depending on the ground gaining efforts of fullback 
Jack Schneider, Glen Carbon, and halfback Henry Warfield, Evansville, Ind.i and 
on the passing eyes of quarterbacks Gene Tabacchi, Auburn, and Gerald Hart, West 
Frankfort, to pull a victory from Saturday* s game. 

Schneider has gained 350 yards in 82 carries this season while Warfield has 
pounded 175 yards in 48 tries. Tabacchi has connected with 19 of 46 attempted 
passes this season for a gain of 165 yards and Hart has completed 15 out of 42 
for 154 yards and one touchdown. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Everything from lack of pencil sharpeners in Old 

Main to why professors pile more work on just before examinations was considered 

at a Southern Illinois University high school principals - SIU advisers conference 

Nov. 16. 

In an informal give-and-take session, 34 area high school principals aired 

comments they had gleaned from morning interviews with SIU freshmen who last 

June were their graduating seniors. 

As a result of the interviews principals decided that high schools should do 

more to build up student interest in chemistry, English, science, and mathematics; 

assign longer term papers to prepare students for lengthy assignments in college; 

steer unqualified students away from college; prepare students for the lecture 

method; give better instruction in how to use a library; begin counseling of 

students in the eighth grade; and offer stronger courses in English rhetoric. 

In turn SIU advisers impressed on the principals the need for students 

registering during the summer when faculty advisers can spend more time with each 

student. 

Dr. Willis Malone of the college of education pointed out that 250-300 

students are assigned to each faculty adviser for 30-minute registration conferences. 
"We cannot possibly give this much time to each student toward the registration 
deadline in the fall. To do so would require more advisers, which we cannot pro- 
vide until we have more space," he said. 

Dr. George Camp of the English department spoke of the need for high 

school students receiving more practice in writing compositions. He mentioned 

ways in which busy teachers may spot-read compositions to save time 3nd still keep 

an adequate check on student progress. 

In telling why Southern has found it impossible to set up uniform college 

entrance requirements that would cover all fields, Dr. T. W. Abbott, dean of the 

college of liberal arts and sciences, said requirements differ in various pre- 

professional programs, "but we are working to do what we can to make requirements 
more uniform." 

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Dr. E. C. Coleman of the English department warned that too many students 

are more concerned with taking courses that will lead to financial success than 

to a satisfying way of life. Paul M. Hoffman of the business administration 

department called for an even closer cooperation between high school and university 

advisers to do away with the vagueness with which students view college. 

Bringing out that most freshmen have no concept of what engineering entails, 

Dr. Floyd Krubeck of the industrial engineering department said, "They seem to 

think it has to do with running some sort of machinery and collecting a $15,000 

salary." 

Reporting that mathematics is the critical problem with pre-engineering 

students, Dr. Krubeck said that many high school graduates think that four years 
of high school mathematics with average grades will qualify them to enter pre- 
engineering courses. 

"This is far from the truth. The nation's engineers are from the upper 10 

percent of college classes." High school students considering engineering not 

only need top grades but also need to know how to study when they enter college, 

Dr. Krubeck said. 

Dr. Jack Graham of the office of student affairs describes the SIU freshman 

testing program which is designed, he said, to help with placing students in 

the proper sections of classes, to determine the amount of work each student 

may carry successfully, and to help meet the specific needs of each individual 

student in every way possible* 

In discussing non-academic problems of students, Dr. Elizabeth Greenleaf, 

supervisor of student activities, pointed out that problems usually arise when 

students find it necessary to build a W3y of life that is separated from their 

family groups. She also called on principals to notify Southern ahead of time 

on the number of students who would need financial help to attend the University, 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV.. — A group of union representatives organized a 
Southern Illinois Labor Relations Council Thursday night (Nov. 18) to convince 
management of prospective new industries "that we will go more than half-way 
to prevent work stoppages." 

Twice monthly informal meetings will be held, open to all Southern Illinois 
union officials, to give them a better understanding of labor legislation, 
arbitration and management problems. At the meetings, round table discussions 
will enable representatives of all crafts to air their views. 

Dr. William Westberg, of the Southern Illinois University psychology 
department, a specialist in industrial relations, was elected temporary chairman 
of the group. Pat Randle of the SIU Technical and Adult Education staff will 
be temporary secretary. 

About a dozen crafts sent delegates to the organizational meeting, held at 
the SIU Vocational-Technical Institute, eight miles east of here. Present were 
officials of Brick Masons, Electrical Workers, Garment Workers, Hod Carriers, 
Operating Engineers, Plumbers, Teamsters, and Retail Clerks unions, and trades 
councils. 

Guy Young, Local 524 of the Operating Engineers Union at Herrin, said that 
industrialists who are considering a move into the area could meet with the 
council to get a cross-sectional picture of labor attitudes. 

"We can be more convincing talking together instead of separately," he said. 

Wayne Smith, Local 372 of the Hod Carriers Union, Herrin, contended visitors 
to the area should not have to get all their information from Chambers of Commerce 
and the man on the street. "Let labor talk for itself," he suggested. 

J. 0. Jones, West Frankfort, Electrical Workers Local 702, proposed that 
SIU faculty members and other speakers be called into the meetings to explain 
complicated legislation like the Taft-Hartley Law to labor. 

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"The more we know about these things, the less afraid of them we are," Jones 
said. 

Goffrey Hughes, executive secretary of Southern Illinois, Inc., which has 
brought numerous industries into the area told the group that task would be much 
easier "if we could recommend labor practices clear across the board." The 
program of the new council is a step toward this goal, he asserted. 

Hughes also charged the council to help dispel the unfavorable reputation, 
."much of it unjust," which Southern Illinois has inherited in the labor relations 
field. 

"When we get new factories we must baby them just a little for the first three 
to six months," Hughes said. "There are 15,000 out of work in the southern one- 
third of Illinois and we can't afford to be tough until we get jobs for those 
people." 

Jones recommended to the other labor officials that their organizations 
become members of SII, an area development organization. Though most of its 
present members are in the management class, "I have never heard them say an unkind 
word about labor." 

Jones advised the union to contribute to SII because its members "are 
putting up their money so we can have the jobs." 

Dr. George Hand, vice-president of SIU, is expected to talk at the next 
council meeting Dec. 2. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

Number 89 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

HOG KILLI NG TIM E 

By John W. Allen (Please include 
Southern Illinois University "credit" line) 

Many earlier arts such as carding, spinning, weaving and the coloring of cloth 
with native dyes, disappeared so naturally and gradually that few noted their 
passing. Rail fences, taking many years to do so, have just about completed the 
process. Another common earlier practice, that of hog killing, has become far 
less common. 

Home butchering was an almost ritualistic procedure for which careful and 
somewhat elaborate preparations were made. First, the farm sled was pulled into 
place for use as a low platform. "And that reminds us, what has become of farm 
sleds?" A wooden scalding barrel, leaning at the proper angle was set against 
the side of the sled. The lower end of this barrel was placed in a shallow pit 
and the top was chocked or scotched to prevent its slipping or rolling. 

Iron kettles, often holding as much as thirty gallons, were placed on rocks 
or suspended at the proper height from a strong pole supported by forked posts 
set in the ground. Plenty of dry fuel, generally broken fence rails, was gathered- 
If the set-up being made was not close to a well or pond, some barrels of water 
stood by. Pieces of old carpeting, quilts or blankets were gathered for use in 
covering the scalding barrel to help keep the water hot. 

Fires were kindled about daybreak. Hogs had been placed in some small but 

nearby pen. Helpers brought their deadly but efficient looking butcher knives, 

each carefully sharpened. A whetstone was kept handily by. A rifle was made ready 

for use. "Gamble Sticks" were prepared, at least one for each hog to be killed. 

In the event no meat cleaver was available, and it usually was not, a sharp axe 

served the purpose. 

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If no rifle were at hand to shoot the hog, it was simply "knocked in the head" 
with the poll of the axe or even with a hand hammer. In either event, the 
unconscious hog was quickly turned on its back and stuck. Sticking hogs was 
considered almost an art. 

The one performing this function plunged his long keen knife into the center 
of the hog's throat near the shoulders, pointing it somewhat backward and perhaps 
giving the tip of the blade a deft flip to insure the cutting of a main blood 
vessel. To secure and retain a reputation as a skilled sticker it was necessary 
to remove a clean knife from the wound. Blood on the handle or blade was held to 
indicate a bungling job* 

With the hog dead, it was placed, head first, into the barrel of very hct 
water where it was churned up and down and turned from side to side by men holding 
its back feet and perhaps its tail. 

After a few plunges and turns, one of the men would grasp a handf j1 jf hair 

on the portion being scalded as it was raised from the hot water. When this 

hair slipped easily the ends of the hog were reversed and scalding completed , 

When this had been done the hog was withdrawn to the platform for scraping and 

the barrel was covered to help keep the water hot for the next hog to be scalded. 

Scraping now began. 

Second string butcher knives, specially shaped scrapers and even the workman's 

hands were used to rub, scrape or pluck the hair away. If some spots, like 

wrinkles, folds or spots otherwise protected from full effects of the scalding 

failed to yield the hair, pieces of old blankets or pads of hair already removed 

were placed over the spot and scalding water poured on. When plucking showod that 

the obstinate hair had been loosened, the spot was scraped. 

The proper temperature for the water in the scalding barrel was determined by 

rapidly sweeping the fingers through it. If more than three such sweeps could be 

endured, it was too cold and more boiling water was added. 

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Some practiced sprinkling powdered resin over the hog before scalding, insisting 

that it helped to loosen the hair, made the skin firmer and left the carcass 

whiter. The whole idea was to entirely remove the hair end not to shave it off. 

A workman that cut and gashed the skin while sr.raping a hog was rated as unskilled. 
After scraping ? it was time to hang the hog. This was done by makr.ng vertical 

slits in the back of the lower hind legs and raising the tendons sufficiently to 

allow the pointed ends of the gambrel to be inserted. The aclua.1 hanging of the 

hog required very strenuous and precise effort?, since it must be hung high enough 

to keep its nose a foot or so above the ground. 

Hogs were usually suspended from a strong pole, one end of which was chained 

to a tree or placed in a crotch of proper height, the other end being supported by 

a fork made of crossed rail? or ^-mail pole a* Once hanging in place, the hog was 

splashed with water and gently brushed to remove any clinging dirt or hair. 

After at least partial cooling the carcacs was laid upon a sturdy clean table 

cr perhaps on the scrubbed scalding platform cut up, The head was removed and 

snout and end of lower jaw were .chopped off. The head was then ready for process- 
ing. 

The ribs were next removed, the hams, sides and shoulders cut. apart and 

properly trimmed. After the meat had been allowed to thoroughly cool but not to 

freeze, it was ready for "salting down." 

By this time nightfall was near. The neighbors who had "volunteered" their 

help went home generally well ladened with ribs, backbones and livers. In a few 

days they also would kill hogs and this neighbor would "volunteer" his help and 

incidentally get some real fresh meat to take home. 

Assorted parts of the hog remained to be worked the next day. The sweet bread, 

the kidneys and a few other portions were thrown away. The lights or lungs were 

left hanging where the chickens could pick them. The feet were cleaned for cooking, 
sometimes they were pickled. The brains were kept and fried with eggs. The 

intestines were often cleaned and used for sausage casings or perhaps they became 
chitterlings. 

When all this had been done the tasks of making sausage and rendering lard 

remained. Obviously, little of the hog was wasted, and "a good time was had by 

all." 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS. 

SIU COUNTRY COLUMN 
BY Albert Meyer 

Meadow mice and pine mice are responsible for most of the mouse damage in- 
flicted on fruit trees. They girdle or debark trees during winter months. Meadow 
mice work near the surface of the ground and are not hard to control with poison. 
The pine mice, which seldom work near the surface, are harder to control. 



The best time to work on the mice is after harvest when cool weather has 
caused them to settle down from their migrations — in late fall or early winter. 
Distribute poison bait systematically row by row in the orchard in active mouse 
runways during a sunny forenoon. The meadow mouse uses shallow tunnels in tall 
grass or in the soil slightly below the surface if there is no ground cover. 
Fresh droppings, freshly cut blades of grass, and a moist, worn appearance will 
indicate an active runway. 



Strychnine oats, or fresh apple slices treated with zinc phosphide are the 
poison baits commonly used for controlling mice in the orchard. One quart of the 
zinc phosphide bait will treat from one-third to one acre of orchard, depending 
on the number of mice. 



In managing mature forests the chief objective is to harvest the trees in such 
a way as to provide for reproduction by natural means. It is better to leave 
well-formed sound trees of low value species in the farm woods than poor quality 
trees of high-value species. 



In most cases the tops of harvested trees should be left in the forest to 
decompose and add organic matter to the soil. 



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Winter grazing of small grain crops will reduce the yield of grain at 
harvest time. However, if grazing reduces the risk of lodging, the practice may 
be beneficial. 



The greatest aid in putting the poultry enterprise on a business basis is 
through keeping accurate records. 



Acid soils should be limed at least six months before planting a legume. 

In general, crops will use any of the nitrogen fertilizers. The thing to 
remember is to purchase the nitrogen fertilizer that will cost the least per 
pound of actual nitrogen. 



Sweet clover has the ability to make better use of raw rock phosphates 
than many other crops. When such sweet clover is plowed under as a green manure 
crop, the phosphorus taken into the clover plant will be released to the succeed- 
ing crop. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Critical of parents and teachers who adhere to the 
old-fashioned theory that children should be seen and not heard, a Southern Illinois 
University speech specialist claims, "The silent type, young or old, is a misfit 
in today's world." 

Dr. John Pruis, who conducts SIU's teacher training program in speech, says 
a child with a large vocabulary usually leads his group, while a child who talks 
without expression or has a limited word knowledge is seldom popular with other 
youngsters. 

"Free expression helps clarify thinking," says the professor who also teaches 
dramatics and speech to pupils in the University School, SIU's teacher laboratory 
school. 

"Children often say, *I know what I mean but I can't say it.' If they think 
it, they can say it; but not without a chance to experiment in putting their 
thoughts into words. Talking shows up weaknesses and, under sympathetic super- 
vision, leads to word organization." 

The professor warns teachers and parents, "Don't be a vulture waiting to pounce 
on a grammatical error. Let a youngster get his point across, then tackle the 
grammar errors." 

Dr. Pruis points out that a young child has his own system for learning 
language. "He asks incessant questions. Not so much for information as to hear his 
parents talk so he can copy them. 

"This method, annoying as it may be, should be encouraged, not curbed," he 
says. "It helps a child master the basic tool of communication — the spoken wrc 
If he can't use this tool by the time he enters school he is slated for a rough 
time in learning to read, write, and listen." 

The speech specialist goes on to explain that a child who can speak many word: 

by the time he undertakes reading will have little trouble in tying the printed 

symbol to the word in his mind. 

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"But if he doesn't have certain words already in his mind, he can't possibly 
learn printed symbols for them until he first goes through the slow process of 
absorbing the spoken words." 

Dr. Pruis reveals that most of children's difficulties Come from not enough 
experience in talking, no story sense, or speech defects — theirs or the adults 
to whom they listen and strive to copy. 

Declaring that children should be given plenty of opportunity to read aloud at 
all age levels, Dr. Ppuis says, "And adolescent may be a fine silent reader, but 
when he opens his mouth to speak his poor diction and unpleasant voice show why he 
is a poor speller and writer — he's had too little supervised practice in reading 
and speaking to people." 

'•Have you listened to them talk?" Dr. Pruis asks. "They say, 'Jestyet, yugonna 
gessome chownow?', and you are supposed to know they are asking, 'Did you eat? 
Are you going to get some chow now.'" 

The professor has an answer: a regular, systematic program to help children 
at all grade levels to use language effectively — speech improvement for all and 
special help for the five to 10 percent who have clinical troubles. 

"Train not only in speech activities," adds the professor, "but teach them to 
listen intelligently to radio, public and TV speeches and to distinguish between 
fact and opinion. Our goal is to produce articulate persons who will be able to 
participate in school work and in the community as adults." 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release.: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Southern Illinois University students maintain a 
better health record than most U.S. college students, "on the basis of national 
averages showing hospital days per student and number of hospitalized students," 
according to Dr. Anthony J. Raso, SIU health service director. 

During the past year an average of only one-out-of-every-seven SIU students 
spent one day hospitalized, while the national average stands at one out of every 
four. Dr. Raso says Southern has maintained this high record during the past few 
years since comparative records have been kept. 

Keeping Southern's 4500 students healthy are Dr. Raso, Dr. Katharine Kalnins, 
associate University physician, and five nurses who compose the health service which 
operates as an out-patient clinic for a daily average of 100 student-patients. 

Dr. Raso points to SIU's active disease prevention methods as possible 
clues to students requiring so little hospitalization. He says each student is 
given a thorough physical examination upon, or soon after, entering the University. 

On a voluntary basis, students receive immunizations against small pox, 
tetanus, typhoid — and Rocky Mountain spotted fever if they are to take part in 
SIU's camp activities. 

A quick check-up on all student illnesses contracted on campus or at home 
is made to prevent the spread of contagion. The health service also keeps a vigil- 
ant eye open for any environmental conditions that could jeopardize the welfare 
of students. 

Established in 1935, the health service was expanded in 1950 when a more 
comprehensive health program was introduced that gave students up to a possible 
$80 w*rth of medical treatment for a cost of $2.15 per student. 

Recently students voted to increase these benefits to $200 at a cost of 
$3.15 per student. The increased program will go into effect at the spring term. 

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This past year nearly three times as many students visited the clinic as in 
1950-51. "We want students to come to us for advice, diagnosis, treatment, or any 
other care we can give," says Dr. Raso. 

With the nearly 30 percent enrollment increase this year, the health director 
expects clinic visits to climb to even greater heights. 

Each year SIU health services have been broadened until now students receive 
such extras as pre-marital examinations, heart and lung re-checks, and examinations 
for participation in certain competitive sports. 

In addition to all this, the health service gives pre-employment examinations, 
and emergency treatment to faculty, administrative, and civil service employees. 
The service also gives annual food handler's examinations. 

Comments Dr. Raso: "Southern's health is our business. Our activities center 
on helping each student maintain his highest possible health level." 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Baker Brownell, director of Area Services at 
Southern Illinois University, will retire Dec. 1. 

The philosopher, poet and author who organized and has been coordinating the 
activities of the Area Services Office at Southern for the past two years, will 
take up residence in Fairhope, Ala., where he will write another book on small 
community redevelopment. 

Brownell, 68, had intended to retire when he gave up his post as professor of 
philosophy at Northwestern University in 1950, but instead redoubled h:.r, efforts for 
revitalizing rural areas in Arkansas and Southern Illinois. 

His successor at SIU has not been named. 

A former Chicago newspaperman who had studied philosophy under Ge'.rge Snatayana 

and William James, Brownell became interested in the "human values of .he small 

community" while teaching a course in contemporary thought at Northwestern in the 

1930' s. It is in the uncluttered and uncomplicated little places, he said, where 

knowledge can best be integrated to a rich, full .life. 

On the other hand, he argued, the metropolitan areas are afflicted by waste, 

regimentation and corruption. 

This theme ran through a half-dozen books like "The New Universe," "Earth Is 
Enough," "Philosopher In Chaos" and "The Human Community" which Brownell authorec 1 , 
He edited about 20 other volumes attempting to relate agriculture, economics and 
other subjects to modern living. 

In 1944, he was named by the Rockefeller Foundation to direct the Montana 

Study, an experiment in reeducating small town residents to their duties and 

responsibilities as citizens in a democracy. 

The Area Services Office Brownell headed at Southern includes the Alumni, 

Placement and Information Services and the Department of Community Development wh.i~h. 
in a little more than a year, has introduced community study and action programs in 

five Southern Illinois communities. 

In the 20*s Brownell was an editorial writer for the Chicago Daily News and the 
Chicago Tribune, and frequently contributed poetry to such magazines as New Republic, 

Literary Digest and Poetry. _ eh _ 



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NEWS from Eill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, Ill.-Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

SPORTS DESK 

C/J3B0NDALE, ILL., NOV. — Cliff Johnson, senior lineman from 
Cairo, today was named by his teammates as Southern Illinois 
University ! s most valuable football player. 

Johnson, a 5-11, 185-pound (;,uard-tackle, was named to all- 
conference honors his first two seasons on the squad and has started 
or played in every game since 1950, his first year. 

For three years Johnson was a tackle and offensive blocking 
signal caller, but this fall Coach Bill O'Brien solved his cuard 
problems by moving the big lineman to a fuard position. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. —Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

F ILLERS 
By John W. Allen 

Southern Illinois University 

(SIU) - Before the West had its Vigilantes, Southern Illinois had it 

Vigilantes, Flatheads, Regulators and several other minor groups. Perhaps they 

were only the growing pains of a new country. 



(SIU) - The first meeting of the county commissioners of Monroe County was 
held at Ditch* s Tavern in Waterloo. The first action of the board was to grant 
Ditch a license to operate a tavern. Their next action was to adjourn for one 
hour when sessions were resumed at the tavern. There is no record of what happened 
in the interval. 



(SIU) - In 1832 the County Commissioners of Monroe County had a well dug on 

They also 
the public square ./ contributed one dollar toward buying a Bible for the use of 

the county officers. 



(SIU) - There were 32 slaves and servants listed on the tax books of Monroe 
County in 1836. 

(SIU) - The early French settlers in Illinois gathered in villages while the 
American settlers tended to settle on somewhat scattered farms. 



(SIU) - Dr. George Fisher, an early physician and prominent citizen of 
Randolph County and one of the men who helped to frame the first constitution of 
the State of Illinois, operated a hospital, doubtlessly the first one in the state 
of Illinois and perhaps in the midwest, near the town of Modoc in 1808. 



(SIU) - The first river ferries were generally propelled by men operating long 
sweeps or oars. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Seventy of Illinois* 102 counties have increased 
representation among the record number of students at Southern Illinois 
University this year, it was reported today. 

Eight other counties have the same number of students at SIU as in the 
fall of 1953, and only 16 counties in the state failed to have at least one 
student on the enrollment lists. 

The net on-campus enrollment of 4437 also showed more than twice as 
many students from Indiana as last year, and a jump from 74 to 102 Missouri 
students. 

Enrollment from 33 Southern Illinois counties rose from 2861 students to 
3851 while the number of students from Northern Illinois counties was up from 
281 to 434. 

In Southern Illinois, only two counties — Alexander and Bond — had 
fewer students at Southern, but the drop for the two combined totalled only 
three students. On the other hand, increases for other Southern Illinois 
counties included the following: Jackson, from 457 to 645; Williamson, from 
270 to 442; Franklin, from 282 to 428 j Saline, from 166 to 214, and Randolph, 
from 71 to 111. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111,— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., NOV. — Six lettermen and a full team of highly touted 
freshmen have reported to Southern Illinois University wrestling coach Jim 
Wilkinson to begin formal workouts. 

Capt. Bob Whelan, Chicago senior and two-time IIAC 123-pound champion, 
leads a corps of tough veterans who could rack up the Salukis' best season in 
recent years. Whelan won his division title in the Ozark AAU last winter and 
was a third place finisher in the Wheaton invitational tourney. 

Paul Steingruby, 177 pound Waterloo junior, Bill Mayr, 147, and Kent 
Werner, heavyweight, Belleville juniors, and Giles Sinkewiz, sophomore from 
Belleville, finished third in their respective weights in the league tourney 
last winter and are back to add their experience and heft to the squad. Sinkewiz, 
who sat out the first half of the 1953-54 season with a broken leg, will be 
sidelined two weeks this year with a fractured elbow. 

Roy Fowley, Belleville junior, who was a Saluki regular four years ago, 
is out of the Navy and back to handle 130-pound assignments. Fowley, competing 
with the San Diego Naval team, compiled a 17-3 record. 

A crop of outstanding freshmen from Missouri and Illinois will provide 
Wilkinson with a crew of potent replacements. Rookies who could give varsity 
regulars trouble are: 

Buzz Bergfeld, 123 pounder from St. Louis' Ritenour high school, brings 
a three year undefeated record in his class to Southern. Bergfeld was Missouri 
state champion four different years and fought his way to the finals of the 
Ozark AAU meet last year, losing to Capt. Whelan in the championship bout. 

Ted Scheske, Belleville, another 123 pounder, owns a good record, in- 
cluding a sectional title, and shows promise in the lightweight category. 



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A trio of Granite City freshmen, Dale Rice, 130, Bill Wiegand, 137, 
and Tom Loyet, 147, are top prep wrestlers with several sectional titles to 
their credit. Rice has won the Granite City sectional twice and Wiegand has 
copped that prize once. Loyet finished fourth in the state two seasons ago. 

Paul Pressler, a two-time Chicago city champion at 137 pounds, did his 
high school wrestling at Hirsch high, alma mater of the Salukis' Whelan and 
alum Jack Stoudt. 

Wrestling at 157 pounds, Bob Schrode, Chicago, finished second in the city 
championships as a member of the Austin high squad. 

Another St. Louis Ritenour product, John Orlando, twice Missouri state 
champion, will report for work in the 167 pound bracket when a football injured 
shoulder separation heals. Sam Genovese, Glen Brook, is another top candidate 
for 167 pound honors. 

Carl Teets, Elgin, a regular on the Saluki grid squad, shows promise 
in the 177 pound division as does Elgin teammate Frank Lee, a heavyweight. 

Al Charley, Chicago sophomore middleweight! John Grimes, Murphysboro, senior, 
167; and Bob Dunkel, St. Louis sophomore, 167, round out the prospects signing 
in at first sessions. 

A 12-match schedule, now up for approval by the Southern athletic council, 
will begin Dec. 11 with the University of Illinois Invitational at Champaign. 



-by- 



NEWS fron Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — At the request of area life under- 
writers, Southern Illinois University ! s division of technical and 
adult education will begin (Jan. 3) a special 20«week, l f~year course 
that will qualify insurance men as chartered life underwriters. 

Teaching the course will be 0. L. Riggj Centralia, a chartered 
life underwriter who has 20 years of experience in the insurance 
business. 

Serving as advisers with Harry B. Bauernf eind, assistant dean 
for adult education, in planning the course are Janes Feirich and 
Harry R. Coles, Carbondale insurance men. 

Pre-re^istration will be held at 8 p.m. Dec. 3 in the University 
school at Southern. Class sessions, to begin Jan. 3, will be held 
from 9 a.m. to 12 noon, Saturdays. 

Participants who successfully complete the four terms of the 
course and pass examinations covering each of the four parts will be 
awarded chartered life underwriters certificates, the top qualification 
for insurance underwriters. 

Br. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

Number 90 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

THE JARROT MANSION 

By John W. Allen (Please include 

Southern Illinois University "credit" line) 

The village of Cahokia located in St. Clair County south of East St. Louis has 
three interesting old buildings, each well preserved. They have one thing in 
common — age. Each saw the close of the 1700 f s, the passage of all the I600 : s, and 
are now safely past the middle of the 1900* s. The three buildings are the courthouse, 
the log church, and the former residence of Nicholas Jarrot, often mentioned as 
the Jarrot Mansion. 

Each of these buildings appeals to a different interest. The courthouse is 
associated with the history of locaJ government in the region. The church reminds 
the visitor of the mission established by the Catholic Church there more than 
250 years ago. The Mansion is associated with the social and commercial activities 
of an interesting family. 

Nicholas Jarrot, sometimes spelled Nicolas Jarreau, the builder of the residence, 
was born in France in 1764. Member of a prominent family, he received a fitting 
education. Jarrot came to America about 1790, stopping briefly in Baltimore and 
in New Orleans before appearing in this region. He soon acquired a stock of goods 
and became a highly successful Indian trader. 

Jarrot was first married to Mademoiselle Marie Barbeau, member of a prominent 
and prosperous French family at Prairie du Rocher. This first wife lived only a 
short time. He was next married to the wealthy, cultured, and gracious 17-year-oJd 
Mademoiselle Julia Beauvais, of St. Genevieve, Missouri. Nicholas brought his 
bride to Cahokia, where they began housekeeping in a frame building across the 
roadway from the church. 

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Jarrot, then carrying on a prosperous Indian trade over an extensive 

territory, began the construction of a pretentious dwelling east of the church. 

The building, some materials for which were imported from France, was not completed, 

however, for some years. 

It is a large Colonial type dwelling, 38 by 50 feet, two stories high, with a 

basement and attic. It is massively built, the walls being 16 inches to two feet 

thick. Using no nails, the framing timbers were pegged together with wooden pegs. 

The central hallway, 16 feet wide, extends through the building. According to some 

accounts, bricks for the building were burned near the site. Other accounts state 

that they were brought from Pittsburg. 

The wide hallway through the building with its large fireplace against the 
west wall was the center of life of the house. Guests were received here, and it 
was used as a dining room for the banquets frequently held. It is recorded that 
slaves stood at each end of the hallway and wielded huge fans to keep the flies 
from annoying the guests. 

The Jarrots entertained many guests. The Bonds, John Reynolds, Ninian Edwards, 

and doubtlessly Pierre Menard were frequent guests. Tradition has Lafayette visit 

the Mansion, but no record supports the claim. With so many guests the mansion 

seemed almost constantly to have been the scene of receptions, parties, and formal 

balls. It was an exceptionally gay place at all times, and especially about the 

time of the New Years. 

Jarrot was a devout churchman. In addition to his regular attendance at mass, 

and it is recorded that he never failed to attend, he gave liberal support to the 

local church and also gave the large Indian mound now known as Monk's Mound to the 

Trappist O r der, who occupied it from 1808 until 1813. 

Jarrot served as a militia officer, a court judge in several capacities, as 

member of the Orphan's Court, and as a justice of the peace. 



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Despite the lavish entertainment practiced and attention given to social 

affairs, Jarrot remained an astute businessman. In 1815 the government confirmed 

to him titles to more than 25,000 acres of land in Illinois. Only one person, John 

Edgar, held more. Jarrot operated a horse mill in Cahokia during the War of 1812 

and supplied much flour to the army. He established the first school at Cahokia 

in one of the rooms of the Jarrot Mansion, with Samuel Davidson as teacher. Jarrot 

owned numerous slaves and other personal property and was among the wealthier men 

of Illinois. 

The Mansion stands on land that is overflowed at extremely high stages of the 

river. Some remodeling work done on the building showed the water marks left by the 

great flood of 1844. It is said that a canoe then was kept in the wide hallway of 

the building, and that the children, with ropes tied to them and to the bannisters, 

learned to swim in the hallway of the old house. Some cracks in the back wall are 

said to have resulted from shock during the earthquake that centered at New Madrid, 

Missouri, in the last days of 1811 and the first of 1812, 

A well preserved small stone building in the back yard of the Mansion is 

known as the powder house. It was here that Jarrot stored the powder in which he 

traded extensively. This building is still in a good state of preservation. 

Jarrot died at Cahokia on December 8, 1820, and is buried near the church. 

His wife, Julia, lived until 1875, dying in St. Louis at the age of 95 years. One 

of the children, Ortance, continued to live in the old home until 1886, and is 

buried in the old cemetery. 

The Jarrot Mansion is now used as a home for the Catholic Sisters teaching in 

the parochial school. The voices of school children are heard much as they 

were in 1809. 



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ȣ\'.. 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

FARM EDITOR 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Sultana, one of the Queen Mothers 
of the Jersey cattle kingdom, graced the Southern Illinois University 
livestock herd today. 

The 1^-year-old champion cow whose family has distinguished 
itself in many competitions was given to the University by the 
Curtiss Candy Company Farms of Cary, 111., through Curtiss President 
Robert Schnering. 

Sultana, herself the senior grand champion female at the Illinois, 
Wisconsin and Minnesota State Fairs in successive years, has become 
even more honored through her offspring. 

Born on the Island of Jersey on July 26, 19'-+0, she was imported 
to this country in 19^+9 by the Curtiss Candy Company and became the 
foundation Jersey female for their valuable herd. In addition to 
her reproductive success, Sultana has consistently produced 500 
pounds of butterfat a year. 

One of Sultana f s sons, Curtiss Candy Basil Curtiss, won second 
place at the National Jersey Show, junior champion honors in three 
state fairs, and was grand champion bull of the Wisconsin State Fair 
in 1953. A daughter, Curtiss Candy Deborah, was first prize senior 
yearling at the Illinois State Fair, first prize junior yearling at 
Iowa and Wisconsin State Fairs, and third at the Dairy Cattle Congress 
this year. 

Sultana also has been dam of the Winning Produce of Dam at the 

Illinois and Wisconsin State Fairs and third at the National Jersey 

Show, 

-eh- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondalo, 111. -Phone 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

(Note local names) 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC, -- Twenty-nine Southern Illinois University- 
students have been awarded scholarships for 195^-~55 j according to 
Dr. Alice Rector , executive secretary of the scholarships and loans 
committee p 

They are s 

AUBURN - Raymond Eugene Tabacehi, a junior majoring in physical 
education and a member of the SIU student council, is the recipient of 
a Sphinx Shrine club award, 

BELKNAP - Kenneth Carter, a sophomore studying pre- lav; and a 
member of the debate club, the SIU dramatic group, and the Independent 
Student Association, has been awarded the William Pulverman Memorial 
scholarship for the second time. 

CARBON DALE ■- Larry Eugene Crewcll, a freshman who last year at 
Carbondalo Community high school was a member of the National Honor 
Society, the chorus and madrigals, and the yearbook staff, is 
recipient of the first award of the Donald Forsytho Unit Number 51^? 
American Legion scholarship. 

Gene Penland, senior, and honor student, staff reporter on the 
SIU newspaper, member of the debate team, and the Little Theatre 
group, has been awarded a Thelma Louise Kellogg scholarship in English 

COBDEN - Charlotte McCann, senior, member of the Home Economics 
club, Kappa Omicron Phi, home economies honorary association, Pi 
Lambda Theta and Kappa Delta Phi, honorary associations in education, 
and the Future Teachers of Aaerica, has been awarded the Illinois 
Congress of Parents and Teachers Association Scholarship, 

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page 2,.., 

CHESTER - Joyce Gillilan, has been awarded a Southern Illinois 
University symphony orchestra scholarship. 

CHICAGO - Joe A, Kalla, (235 1 * W« 57th St.) senior majoring in 
physical education, member of the Newman club, varsity football, and 
president of the Chicago club has been awarded a Sphinx Shrine club 
scholarship, 

CHRISTOPHER &> Rebecca 'McGovern has been awarded an SIU symphony 
orchestra scholarship * 

FISHER .- Robert D, Ems . a junior majoring in physical education 
who has been, president and vice president of the "I" club, SIU 
lettermen's organization, has received a Sphinx Shrine club award. 

GRANITE CITY - Phyllis Foster , senior, member of the band, 
orchestra, chorus, madrigals, opera workshop, Pi Lambda Theta, 
honorary education organisation, Mu Phi Epsilon, honorary music organ- 
ization, who plays with a flute trio and a woodwind quintet, has been 
awarded a Presser Foundation Music scholarship. 

Edward Stueber, senior with the highest grade average in the SIU 
chemistry department, has been awarded the Johnson Foundation 
Chemistry scholarship. 

HARRISBURG ~ Peggy Fulkerson has been awarded an SIU symphony 

orchestra scholarship. 

HERRIN - Uilliam Hays Urban, a junior honor student majoring in 
professional 
English, and a/musician, has been awarded a Thelma Louise Kellogg 

scholarship in English. 

KAMPSVILLE - Bonnie Bunch, freshman, cheerleader^ former ^-H 

State Fruit Queen, and a drum majorette ; has been awarded a Sphinx 

Shrine club scholarship, 

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page 3 

LINCOLN - Nancy Bowers, sophomore, honor student in pre-nursing, 
member of the Independent Student Association, has been awarded a 
June Vick Memorial scholarship. 

MADISON - Donald G, Reed, sophomore, member of the band, orchestra., 
and a pianist has been awarded a Pressor Foundation music scholarship, 

MAHIOK <- Pi chard Gordon Lambert, sophomore, honor studoirc, bop 
loft-hand pltchor for Southern, and forward on Sit] s basketball squad 
who is majoring in mathematics, has boon awarded the SIU Varsity 
Alumni Tjet terpen* a club scholarship* 

MT< VERIfGM * Phyllis Co else, nnphoimre, formerly of lit. V rnon, 
now residing in Carbondale and at tending SIU with her mother, Mrs, 
Juanita Cocke who is also a sophomore, has boon awarded a June Vick 
Memorial scholarship, MLss Cocke is a member of the Future Teachers 
of America and the Sing and Swing club* 

Shirley Olson Keaton has been awarded an SIU symphony orchestra 
scholarship Q 

MURPHYSBQRO «-> Samuel N Berry, senior, honor graduate of 
Murphysboro Township^jhigh school where he was on the yearbook staff 
and participated in intramural sports, is recipient of the first 
scholarship award of the fraternal order of Eagles, Murphysboro area 
number 670r 

Benton Kerwin Berry, sophomore majoring in physics ; has been 
awarded the ilurphysboro Shrine club scholarship* 

Carol Smith, sophomore, who is a member of the A Capella choir, 
the football band, and the Baptist student union., has been awarded a 
Presser Foundation Music scholarship, 

OLNEY Marilyn Joyce Petty has been awarded an SIU symphony 
orchestra scholarship. 

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PANAMA - Laurella Desboroufh, junior, honor student majoring in 
art, has been awarded the second annual Francis Marion Hewitt, Sr. 
scholarship in art* 

PULASKI - Francos Evelyn Willis, senior* member of the SIU orchestra, 
band, chorus, and Mu Phi Epsilon, honorary music organization, has 
been awarded a Presser Foundation music scholarship* 

SALEM - Robert Leroy Golclsbo:. , cugh 5 freshman^ member of ^he SIU 
madrigal group and a voice major 3 has boon awarded a Presser Found- 
ation music scholarship*. 

SPRINGF/EIO •■• CJarol Je~n Dav:ls has bean avardad an BIJ symphony 
orchestra scholarship., 

WEST FRANKFORT - Jean Marie 3arr ? junior honor student and 
officer in the SIU psychology club has been awarded the scholarship 
of the Woman's Relief Corps ? the auxiliary of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, 

NATICK, MASSACHUSETTS - Robert Stephen Wells, freshman and member 
of the basketball and football teams is recipient of a Sphinx Shrine 
club award. 

Br. 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

(NOTE LOCAL NAMES) 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — "The Crucible," Arthur Miller 1 s drama of witch hunts 
in early New England, will be presented at Southern Illinois University next 
Wednesday through Saturday (Dec. 8-11) as the Southern Players first major production 
of the season. 

Its author, who also wrote the prize-winning "Death of a Salesman," did 
considerable research in the Puritan background of Salem, Mass., to describe how 
witch hunts past and present often indict the innocents 

SIU students have made careful studies to insure historical accuracy in 
costumes and scenery. Ernest Shult, a graduate student in microbiology, composed 
incidental music for the production which will be recorded by a four piece ensemble, 

Leading roles in the drama will be played by Carole Poos, Darwin Payne and 
Richard Rieke, Carbondale; Ralph Fred, DuQuoin; Robert Chamness, Marion, and Helen 
Collins, West Frankfort. 

Others in the cast, listed by home towns, are: 

BARTLETT: Rhota Oojen. 

BELLEVILLE: Jim Walwark. 

CARBONDALE: Lina Murrish and R* K. Dillinger. 

COLLINSVILLE: Lois Burner. 

DUPO: Dave Brookbank. 

HARRISBURG: Margie Zimmer. 

KANKAKEE: Jack Turner. 

MURPHYSBOROs Pat Carter. 

PINCKNEYVILLE: Nelvin Heisner. 

SAGINAW, MICH.: Joan Vigeant. 

WAYNE CITY: Don Wolfe. 

Director Archibald McLeod said season tickets are available at the Southern 
Playhouse for $1, admitting the bearer to productions of "The Importance of Being 
Earnest" late in February, "Night Might Fall" in the spring, and several student 
productions. Single admission for "The Crucible" will be 50 cents. Advance registra- 
tions may be made through the Southern Playhouse by mail or phone. 






-eh- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



HOYLETON, ILL., DEC. — Congrassmen, legislators, and representatives 
of educational organizations will be guests of the Educational Council of 100 
board of directors at a 6 p.m. dinner Dec» 7 at Southern Illinois University, 
Chairman Martin Schaeffer, Hoyleton, announced today. 

Purpose of the meeting, Schaeffer said, is to discuss means of promoting 
in southern Illinois educational opportunities equal to those in central and 
northern Illinois. 

Brief talks will be made by Mrs. E. H. Schaller, Waterloo, Council president; 
W. A. Howe, Carbondale, temporary chairman of the Egyptian Association for Mentally 
Retarded Children; Mrs. Roy W. Ide, representing the Southern Illinois chapters 
for Crippled Children and Adults; J. C. McCormick, Carrier Mills, who will 
discuss schools and taxation; and John W. Cruikshank, Belleville school board 
member and council member, who will talk on needs of Southern 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. <**- Edward Lindsay, Decatur, editor of the 
Lindsay-Schaub Newspapers and publisher of the Southern Illinoisan 
newspaper, will speak at a "Jobs in Journalism" meeting in the 
Playhouse at Southern Illinois University at 7s30 p.m. December lk* 

Lindsay will discuss opportunities in journalism at the third 
in a new series of lectures sponsored by the SIU Journalism Departmeit 
and the Journalism. Students Association. 

The Southern Illinoisan, an area daily published at Carbondale ? 
is one of the Lindsay-Schaub group which also includes daily news- 
papers at Decatur, Urbana, and East St. Louis, Lindsay is a former 
vice president of the Associated Press. Pie also serves on the 
American Council on Education for Journalism as a representative of 
the American Newspaper Publishers Association. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondalc, 111.— Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

SI U COUNTRY COLUM N 

By Albert Meyer 

ATTENTIONS FARM EDITORS 

The arrival of winter weather always brings with it the problem of frozen 
water pipes. Unhappy is the person who turns on the faucet on a cold morning and 
finds no water coming out. It always means a distasteful thawing-out job. Possible 
the expense of broken water pipes. 

An easy low-cost way to keep water pipes from freezing in winter is to wrap 
them with electrical heating tape. Thermostats may be used to turn off the electri: 
current when heat is not needed to keep the pipes from freezing. 



Speaking of electricity brings up the reminder that improper fuses are a 
danger to farm buildings. Check the fuse boxes. If there are fuses larger than 
20 ampheres in use serious trouble maybe invited. Fuses are protective features. 
If a 20 amphere fuse is too small ordinary home wiring is being overloaded. 



Occasional cleaning and oiling will make electric motors last longer. Make 
certain that the right kind of lubricant is used in the recommended amounts. Keep 
the ventilation openings unclogged. 



Milk production is one of the first things to look for in deciding whether to 
sell or keep a dairy cow. This decision becomes more important in the winter when 
the farmer begins to figure housing and feeding costs against the price of dairy 
products. 



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Unfortunately, most farmers do not have records indicating what each of his 
cows produces. To simplify this problem the farmer may weigh the milk produced 
by a cow on one day of each month, multiply the weight by the number of days in the 
month and get the monthly production figure. Repeating the process for each month 
the cow is producing gives her annual production. 



The average per-cow milk production in the southern 16 counties of Illinois 
is 3,900 pounds as compared to a state average of 5,700 pounds. The bare miniinur; 
annual production needed to have any profit over feed costs is 6,000 pounds of- milk 
Naturally, a cow producing 8,000 pounds is much more profitable. The goal alwayr. 
should be to raise the average production higher. 



Milk production is not the only thing to consider in deciding whether or not 
to cull out a cow. A good reproducer is valuable for building the herd. 



Here are the prime considerations in culling the herd properly? 

1, Know the cow's production. Get rid of the low producers. 

2. Know the reproduction performance. Eliminate those who are not good calf 
producers. 

3, Remove animals that tend to be unhealthy. 

4. Feed and manage properly what is left of the herd. There will be more 
milk per cow and greater chances for a profit. 



-am- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, Ill*~Phone 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — A blind singer who has appeared in 
more than 700 concerts In the United States and Canada will have the 
leading tenor role in the annual presentation of "The Messiah" at 
Southern Illinois University next Sunday (Dec. 12). 

Carlton Eldridge of Springfield, 111., has also had 150 college 
and university recitals and has sung the "Messiah" more than 50 times. 
He is currently in charge of vocal work at Springfield Junior College. 

Eldridge uses musical scores prepared by himself in inconspicuous 
Braille. He has sung over the National Broadcasting Co., with the 
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, in Michigan, Florida, Ohio, Iowa, Indiana, 
and other states . 

The Southern Illinois Symphony Orchestra and chorus will combine 
for the fifth consecutive year to present Handel *s work in Shryock 
Auditorium at 7 «30 p.m. Dr. Maurits Kesnar directs the orchestra and 
chorus which are composed of Southern Illinois area musicians and 
SIU students. 

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.1. ."■ 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondalc, 111 .-Phone 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — William V. Connell, an accountant, cost 
engineer, and industrial buyer, has been named purchasing agent at 
Southern Illinois University, it was announced today. 

At the sane tine, University Business Manager Edward V. Miles 
outlined a program for increased volume buying in connection with 
Southern's expanding service departments* 

Among Connell ! s duties will be the conducting of studies toward 
equipment standardization in University agencies. He also will consult 
with managers of service departments and auxiliary enterprises of the 
University so that commodities used by more than one agency may be 
economically purchased in quantity. 

Cornelia Beach, purchasing agent since 19*+3 when SIU was a 
teacher's college ordering all commodities through the state purchas- 
ing agent in Springfield, will continue her present duties, with the 
title assistant director of purchases. Her "intimate knowledge of 
procedures, of the organizational setup and of the development of the 
purchasing function with Southern's autonomous University status" will 
be valuable in Implementing the new program, miles said, 

Connell came to Southern as a senior accountant last august 
after two years as buyer for F. H. McGraw and Co*, prime contractors 
for the atomic energy plant at Paducah. At the plant site, he had 
previously worked as coat engineer for the Grinnell Corp., and piping 
erection engineer for the M. W. Kellogg Co, 

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A native of Hounds, where he was once an auto dealer, Connell 
worked for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration 
(UNRRA) in Washington, France, Germany and England from 19*+ 5 to 19 L f-7. 
He was successively'- auditor, paymaster, assistant chief accountant and 
chief of foreign payrolls. Later, he went into business as a private 
consultant in accounting and tax natters. 

Connell received a bachelor of science degree in accounting from 
the University of Illinois. 

In announcing the appointment ? Miles reported that inventories 
have been increased in general stores on campus which now distribute 
some supplies like building materials and janitorial equipment for all 
of the University u It is hoped that commodities like perishable foods 
for University residence halls may eventually be purchased in quantity 
when storage space and funds become available, Miles said. 



•el> 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111, -Phone 1020 Release ; IMMEDIATE 

SPORTS DESK 

CARBONDALE ? ILL., DEC. — * Southern Illinois University's wrest- 
ling squad will open its 195^55 season Saturday (Dec* 11) j, traveling 
to Champaign for the University of Illinois invitational „ 

Coach Jim Wilkinson reports his Salukis strong in the lower 
weights but weak in the middle weights vith two veterans and a top 
freshman out with injuries. Bill Ilayr, Belleville l^^-poundcr, is on 
crutches with a wrenched knee; Giles Sinkewiz, 177 j Belleville, has 
his elbow in a cast; and John Orlando , 16 7-pound St, Louis freshman, 
is nursing a shoulder separation. 

Wilkinson says the remainder of the squad is in good condition 
for the one day meet. He is counting on his team picking up valuable 
experience and helpful pointers from competition with squads from 
Northwestern^ University of Illinois, Navy Pier, Illinois Tech., 
Northern Illinois, Eastern Illinois, Western Illinois and Illinois 
Normal, 

The traveling squad will includes 

115 — Wes Talley, Granite City 

123— Capt. Bob Whelan, Chicago j and Buzz Bergfeld, St. Louis* 

130— Dale Rice, Granite City; and Roy Eowley, Belleville. 

137— Paul Pressler, Chicago! and Bill Wiegandj Granite City. 

1^7— Dan Cox, Marion 

157 — Bob Schrote, Chicago 

167— Bob Dunkel, St. Louis; and John Grimes, Hurphysboro. 

177— Paul Steingruby, Waterloo 
Heavyweight— Kent Werner, Belleville. 

The Salukis will open their regular season Jan. 3 against Illinois 
Normal at Normal. 

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'XjJ 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Release; I1DEDIATE 

ATTENTIONS FARM EDITORS. 

CARBONDALE, ILL,, DEC. «- Dieldrin, a comparatively new spray 
material, is excellent for controlling plum curculio and catfacing 
in peaches if applied early, says Stewart Chandler, Carbondale, in a 
report prepared for the Illinois State Horticultural Society. 

Chandler is an associate entomologist with the Illinois Natural 
History Survey and a research associate for Southern Illinois University, 
working primarily on tree fruit insect problems. 

Conclusions were based on studies in 1953 and 195*+ when the 
emphasis was on the use of dieldrin for controlling catfacing, 
deformities resulting from insect injuries to peaches during early 
stages of fruit formation. Earlier tests have shown the spray material 
superior in controlling plum curculio, an insect causing wormy peaches, 
he says. 

Spraying and dusting tests were conducted in 10 southern Illinois 
orchards for the study, some applications beginning in the pink stage 
and others in the blossoming stage. Treatment continued until blossom 
husks fell from the tiny peach, applications varying from three to four 
according to the time of beginning. 

Chandler founds 

1.. Best control was obtained where treatment started in the pink 
or early bloom stage* 

2. Dieldrin, in each instance, cave better control than other 
materials in comparative tests. 

3. In 195*+ the most critical time for catfacing damage occurred 
from the time of petal fall until the fruit husks were off, 

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Chandler also reports on other studies conducted in 195^« The 
studies and findings ares 

1, A peach harvest survey in 32 orchards, representing 12 area 
counties, showed the lowest percentage of insect injury in five years, 
Catfacing equalled or exceeded the total of all other defects, 

2, In orchards surveyed , 312 poison applications were made, 
chiefly for curculio control. These showed that lead arsenate, benzene 
hexachloride, and chlordane are declining rapidly in use for control 
of this insect. The use of parathion, an effective spray material 
carrying toxic danger for the spray equipment operator, showed a usage 
decline for the first time in five years, Dieldrin use increased. 

3, Surveys of an unsprayed peach orchard near Mounds, under study 
since 1952, showed heat and drouth cut second brood curculio infest- 
ation in 195^, indicating a low carryover for 1955. Peak numbers of 
first brood curculios came k2 days after first appearing during the 
blossom period, showing spray protection need for a rather long time, 

h, Dieldrin spray was two and one-half to four times as effect- 
ive as chlordane in controlling curculio damage to Transparent 

apples in a Johnson county orchard. 

Chandler also reports on work in controlling the roundheaded 
apple tree borer and two-spotted mites in apple orchards, A compre- 
hensive study of a 27-year-old neglected apple orchard in the Fish 
and Wildlife area near Crab Orchard Lake continued in 195 1 * with a 
survey of insect infestation habits and responses of trees to fertil- 
izers and pruning. The study was started in 1951. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS. 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — John Raab, manager of the Prairie Farms Creamery 
of Carbondale, told 900 patron-members attending the cooperative's 20th annual 
meeting at Southern Illinois University Wednesday (Dec. 8) that the 60,000,000 
pounds of milk received by the creamery during the year was an eight percent 
increase over last year. 

The creamery, a farmer-owned cooperative, affiliated with the Illinois 
Agricultural Association, serves 14 southern Illinois counties. The firm did 
a $4,000,000 business in dairy products last year at an average profit of one 
and three-fourths cents per pound of butterfat handled. Of the cooperative's 
$58,000 profit the board of directors set aside $30,000 for distribution as 
patronage dividends to member producers* Raab said the creamery has distributed 
$274,000 in patronage dividends to members during the past eight years. 

Major income came from manufactured butter and the sale of bulk whole 
milk to distributors — 48 percent from butter and 38 percent from milk. He said 
the creamery tries to move as much of the milk in the fluid state as possible. 
Surplus receipts are processed into other forms for later sale. Nearly 2,000,000 
pounds each of butter and powdered milk are manufactured annually. Plans are 
underway to begin manufacturing cottage cheese for bulk sale to distributors, 
he said. 

Norman Rushing, field representative for the creamery, said that 28 truck 
haulers pick up milk from the 14 counties daily. There are three additional 
routes for picking up cream twice weekly. 

E.- A. Fosse, Marion, president of the board of directors, said that the 

cooperative must be able to maintain a competitive position in its field and 

called for continual support from members. A building program proposed last 
year has been postponed temporarily. 

Three members of the board of directors whose terms expired were re-elected. 
They are: F. L. Graves, Villa Ridge; Dr. S. E. McKemie, Benton; and Ernest 
Fulton, Sparta. Lowell Stokes, Anna, was named to succeed Wayne K. Rich, Jonesboro. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111..— Phones 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBOMDALE, ILL., DEC. — Southern Illinois Incorporated, an area organiza- 
tion which seeks to promote better economic conditions for southern Illinois, and 
the Southern Illinois Dairy Technology Society today joined other groups in 

calling for construction of a new agriculture building at Southern Illinois 

/ 
University. 

Letters with accompanying resolutions adopted by the organizations today were 
in the hands of SIU President D. W. Morris from Goffrey Hughes, SII executive 
director, and Carl Martens, Carbondale, president of the dairy technology society. 

The SII resolution supporting new construction for agriculture at SIU 
called attention to the organization's interest in improving the area's agricultural 
economy and that this economy could be greatly improved by extending the 
agricultural education program at SIU. 

The dairy technology society resolution says that facilities now devoted to 
agriculture at SIU are "grossly inadequate," calls for a building program needed 
for continued development of a sound agrrcultrual program, and urges that necessary 
funds for such construction be appropriated by the state legislature for the 1955-57 
biennium. 

Among other organizations that during the past two or three years have called 
for construction of a new agriculture building at SIU are the Illinois Agriculture 
Association, the Illinois and the Southern Illinois Horticultural Societies, the 
Illinois Federation of Women 1 s Clubs, The Prairie Farms Creamery of Carbondale, 
the Jackson County Building and Construction Trades Council, and the Carbondale 
Kiwanis Club. 

Plans for an agriculture building, estimated to cost $2,600,000 for building 

construction, utilities, equipment, and site development, were completed nearly 

two years ago, but funds for the building were not available during the current 

biennium. 

-am- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. ~ A 175-voice choir and the 87-piece Southern 
Illinois Symphony Orchestra will combine for two performances of Handel* s 
"Messiah" at Southern Illinois University Sunday and Monday (Dec. 12 and 13). 

Four professional singers will join with the Southern Illinois area 
musicians and vocalists in the annual oratorio presentation. The soloists 
include: Carlton Eldridge, blind tenor from Springfirld, 111.; Erhardt Roeske, 
youthful bass-baritone veteran of radio, stage, opera and concert halls; 
Maurine Parzybok, a Chicago contralto who has appeared with numerous symphony 
orchestras, and Clara Mae Enright, Evanston, 111., soprano. 

"The Messiah" will be sung in Shryock Auditorium at 7:30 p.m. Sunday, and 
at 10 a.m. Monday for the weekly SIU freshman assembly. Dr. Maurits Kesnar 
is conductor of the orchestra and chorus. 

Eldridge, now in charge of vocal work at Springfield Junior College, has 
sung the "Messiah" role nearly 50 times. He has been soloist in 700 concerts and 
150 college and university recitals. 

Roeske studied at the Naples Conservatory of Music after receiving a master's 
degree from the American Conservatory in Chicago. Now singing with the Chicago 
Lyric Theater Opera Company, he has been booked for seven "Messiah" roles this 
month in Indiana and Illinois. Roeske, a winner of the Mendelssohn "Auditions 
of the Air," is also slated for a tour of midwestern and southern concert halls 
early in 1955. 

The contralto soloist, Miss Parzybok, has sung with the Chicago Opera 
Company and her many engagements with symphony orchestras include three successive 
appearances with the Chicago Symphony. She is also soloist at the Fourth 
Presbyterian Church, Chicago. 

Miss Enright, a graduate of Northwestern University, formerly taught at 

St, Olaf College, Northfield, Minn. She is currently soprano soloist at the 

First Presbyterian Churc+v^EvcHWton.-. . 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

SPORTS DESK 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC, — Varsity letters have been awarded to 
35 Southern Illinois University athletes for participation in fall 
sports, Carl E. Erickson, athletic director, announced today. 

Recipients are s 

Cross Country s 
CARBONDALE: Larry Havens 
EAST ST. LOUIS s Donald Hecke 
GALATIA: Robert Or to 
HARRISBURG: San DeNeal 
HILLSBOROs Larry Terneus 
MOUNDS." Howard Branch 

Football s 

ALBION s Allan Rodders 

ANTIOCHs Duane Weber 

AUBURN s Gene Tabacchi 

BELLEVILLE s Giles Sinkewiz and Kent Werner 

CAIRO § Cliff Johnson 

CARBONDALEs Richard Kelley and Dave Stroup 

CHICAGOs Pete Coneset. (50*+0 W.Quincy) \ Joe Kalla (235^ W.57); Ray 

Blazak (1320m- Caroldelet) ; and Arnold Isola (^250 W. Crystal) . 
CRYSTAL LAKE: Larry Parrish 
DUQUOINs Wayne Williams 

ELGIN s Frank Lee; and Carl Teets (662 Ford). 
EVANSVILLE, HID.: Henry Warfield 
FISHER: Bob Ems 
GLEN CARBONs Jack Schneider 
JOHNSTON CITY: Gene Ernest 

KIRKWOOD, 110. s Roy 1-icC lanahan (336 Victoria Place) 
PINCKNEYVILLEs Marion Rushing 
PUNXSUTAWNEY, PA.: Ed Johnson 

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF. s Ed Hayes (931 McAllister). 
SESSER: John Oelch 

WEST FRANKFORT: Joe Yusko, Gerry Hart, and Jim Riley (manager), 
ZEIGLER: Bob Jarvis. 

-by- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone t 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

Number 91 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois" — a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

MERCHANT PRINCE AND PLUNGER 

By John W, Allen (Please include 

Southern Illinois University "credit" line) 

Being a merchant prince of a region as large as several states should be a 
congenial job. For many years, beginning about 1800, William Morrison of now 
vanished Kaskaskia, well merited that designation. In addition to his eminence as 
a merchant, he was a land speculator, a politician and a first grade promoter. 

Morrison, son of Sir John Morrison, was born in Pennsylvania in 1763. When ten 
years old he began work in the store of an uncle, Hugh Morrison. He was soon a 
trusted and important employee of the trading firm of Bryant and Morrison, who 
operated over a vast territory west of Pittsburg. In 1790 he became the representa- 
tive of this firm at Kaskaskia, 

Energetic, apt, capable, possessed of reasonable daring and sound judgment, 

Morrison soon became widely know. About 1800 he established his own store at 

Kaskaskia. From this store he traded over a territory extending from Prairie du 

Chien in jVisconsin to New Orleans, and from Pittsburg to the Rocky Mountains. In 

addition to selling goods at retail, Morrison wholesaled merchandise to other 

traders. 

He also sent out special trading expeditions from Kaskaskia. With Pierre 

Menard, able Indian trader and often business rival, Morrison helped to send an 

expedition far up the Missouri to the mouth of the Big Horn in 1807. Two years 

later he and M e nard helped to found the St, Louis Missouri Fur Company that did 

much to make St. Louis the world's greatest fur market for more than a century. 

Most ventures of Morrison proved successful. One failure, however, deserves 

to be mentioned. This was his trading mission, the first by an American, sent out 

from Kaskaskia to Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1804, It was under the direction of 

Baptiste La Lande, a Frenchman, La Lande successfully conducted the expedition 

over an uncharted course to its destination and disposed of the goods at a pleasing 

profit, . 

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La Lande omitted one essential, however. He did not remit the proceeds to 
Morrison, who unsuccessfully tried to collect for many years. La Lande liked the 
country and quickly made friends with the Spanish. He stated that "the women were 
kind," married one of them and settled down. Morrison never secured a settlement. 
Perhaps he derived some satisfaction from the knowledge that he opened the historic 
Santa Fe Trail. 

Many of the daybooks and records of the Morrison store at Kaskaskia 3re still 
in existence and offer glimpses of early merchandising methods and of individuals 
then prominent in Illinois affairs. The names appearing on his store records couli 
well have been taken from a "Who's Who" for Illinois at that time. 

John Edgar, largest landholder in Illinois and one of its wealthier men often 

traded at Morrison's Kaskaskia store. Almost every week one finds the entry of 

"mackeral" indicating Edgar's faithfulness to the tenets of his Catholic faith. 

Various other entries concerning Edgar appear. They show that many of Fdccr*r 

purchases were made by Camillia, sometimes Spelled Camilla; Commile or 

Camile, a mulatto girl. She buys "cloth, muslin, three papers of pins, sugar, and 

coffee." 

The name of Nathaniel Pope also occurs frequently- He is charged with "I4 
yards of cambrick — 1.87^- bought by Negro girl." Other entries read: "Nathaniel 
Pope, Esquire - a bottle of brandy sent for by his Lady per Isaac, a Negro bov.'' 
"li gallons of ale at .75—1,12^-," "§- yard cambric— 1.00," "two skeins of silk," 
"one sweeping brush — 1,00." 

William Rector, later to become United States Surveyor General, is charged 
with 10 lbs. of sugar at 25 cents. At the same time Morrison sold sugar to French 
boatman for 50 cents a pound, and to an Indian for 75 cents a pound. Conrad 
Will, founder of the salt works at Brownsville and long prominent in public affairs 
as state senator and representative, bought a pair of boots for $10.00 



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Judge Thomas, prominent citizen at that time, is charged for ''a bottle of wine 
sent for by Judge Stuart's Negro boy." Benjamin buys a bill of goods for "Governor 
Edwards." Michel Bienvenue buys "1 lb. of coffee and one pound of sugar — 1.00." 
Widow Geaudross is charged with "cotton 2, thread 1.00." Other well known names 
and quaint entries appear on Morrison's books. 

An interesting series of entries Concerning Morrison's practice of hiring his 

slaves and servants to those needing their labor. Some of these laborers were 

held as slaves. Others were bond servants. 

Morrison not only hired his slaves to others, he also hired slaves and servants 

from others as he needed them. On July 10, 1812 he credits Baptiste Gendreau Guion 

with $3.75 "on account of his Negro going to the mouth of the Ohio and Cahokia." 

He also credits Michel Bienvenue with $60 for a voyage by his Negro boatman to 

New Orleans and charges him with $10.00 given to the boatman at New Orleans. 

On May 6, 1814 Morrison charges Pierre Menard with $10.00 "Cash to his Negro at 

Orleans." He credits Menard with his "Negro's" service, but does not indicate the 

amount. These are typical entries in the Morrison records. November 26, 

1813, "This day hired Negro, Clem, to Frank Dize, at $10 a month." An addition to 

this entry says "Returned home December 26. Due $10." 

This practice extended over many years. An entry on June 10, 1834 says 

"This day hired t© Judge Pope, Rube, the Negro boy, at $12 per month and returned 

home 10th of August 1834, completing two months services amounting to $24." Harry, 

Rachel, Wash, and Big Joe are among others "hired" to Pope. Steamboat captains hired 

numerous Negroes from Morrison, sometimes as many as six at one time. 

Morrison's landholdings were great and extended into nearly every county of 
Southern Illinois. The cafeteria of Southern Illinois University is located in the 
northeast corner of a section of land he once owned. 

From Morrison's grave on Garrison Hill, the visitor may look across the river 
that now washes over the site of the old town, but Kaskaskia and Morrison's stone 
mansion are gone. Bits of legend concerning him, however, are still to be heard. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Southern Illinois University's fourth annual 
Christmas Week, featuring more than a dozen traditional holiday activities, will 
open Friday evening (Dec. 10) when Southern will be host to Midwestern of Texas 
in the Saluki's third game of the cage season. The yearly "Deck the Halls" party 
will be held at the Student Union after the game. 

"Winter Wonderland," annual all-school semi-formal dance, will begin in the 
Men's Gym at 9 p.m. Saturday (Dec. 11). On Sunday, the Women's House Council 
Faculty will sponsor a tea at Woody Hall from 3 to 5 p.m. 

Highlighting Christmas Week at SIU will be the annual performance of 
Handel's "Messiah" at Shryock Auditorium Sunday at 7:30 p.m. and again Monday 
at 10 a.m. for the weekly freshman assembly. 

Students participating in the caroling program throughout Carbondale Monday 
evening will later receive refreshments at the home of SIU President and Mrs, 
D. W. Morris. 

Many house parties will be held near campus Tuesday (Dec. 14). Pi Kappa 
Sigma will hold Open House (at 806 South University) from 7 to 10 p.m. On 
Wednesday from 9:30 to 11 a.m. Dr. and Mrs. Morris will extend Christmas greetings 
to students in the Student Union, and an Old Fashioned Christmas Party will be 
held at the Union from 7 to 10 p.m. 

The annual all-school Christmas Assembly will be head at 10 a.m. Thursday 
in Shryock Auditorium. Southern's basketball game with Illinois State Normal 
at 8:15 p.m. will be followed by a Charity Dance, sponsored at the Women's Gym 
by Alpha Phi Omega, with proceeds going to needy Carbondale families. 

Student committee members working on arrangements for Christmas Week events 
at Southern include: 



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ANNA, ILL., Jim Mclntere, 102 Dickinson Road (Refreshments) 

AUBURN, ILL., Joan House, 816 W. Madison (Christmas S e mi -Formal Dance) 

BELLWOOD, ILL., Myrna Whitmore, 3306 Monroe St. (Caroling) 

BELVIDERE, ILL., Dorothy Kaplin, 317 Kishwaukee (Refreshments) 

CAIRO, ILL., Julia Jane Curry, 213 20th St. (Christmas Semi-Formal Dance) 

(Chairman); Sam Stuckey, 312 8th St. (Campus Decorations); Betty Verble, 416 20th 

St. (Christmas Semi-Formal D a nce); Margaret Whitacker, 2212 Walnut (Christmas 

Assembly) 

CARBONDALE, ILL., Dixie Buyan, 701 S. University (Christmas Assembly); Mary 

Jane Chaney, 809 S. University (Publicity) 

CHESTER, ILL., Phillip Smith, 303 Bueno Vista (Campus Decorations) 

CHICAGO, ILL., Lois Kalla, 2854 W. 57th St. (Program) (Chairman) 

DAHLGREN, ILL., Roger Aydt (Publicity) (Chairman) 

DANVILLE, ILL., Earl Walker, 1449 Oakwood Avenue (Christmas Assembly) 

DES MOINES, IA., Annette Baldwin, 2808 Kingman (Program) 

DU QUOIN, ILL., Jane Hamrnann, 315 S. Washington St. (Christmas Semi -Formal 

Dance) 

EAST ST. LOUIS, ILL., June Owens, 8200 Bonkum-Road (Caroling) 
FARMERSVILLE, ILL., Donald Gibbs (Program) 
GALATIA, ILL., Jerry Duane (Campus Decorations) (Chairman) 
GRAYVILLE, ILL., Carol Schoenmean, 209 E. South St. (Refreshments) 

(Co-Chairman) 

HERRIN, ILL., Wynn Church, 500 N. 13th (Program) 

HOOPESTON, ILL., Sandra Unger (Refreshments) 

HARRISBURG, ILL., Harry Boyd, 506 N. Granger (Publicity) 

JOHNSON CITY, ILL., Paul Smith, 1104 Burgess Ave. (Finance) 

KANKAKEE, ILL., James Miller, 238 Fairmont (Chairman) (Charity Dance) 

LA GRANGE, ILL., Mary More, 717 N. Brainard (Finance) 

MARION, ILL., Elizabeth Wilson, 513 S. Market St. (Finance); ft obert 

Chamness (Christmas Assembly) 

MATTCON, ILL., George L. Whitley, 1700 Moultrie Ave. (Christmas Semi-Formal 

Dance) 

MAYWOOD, ILL., Susan Johanson, 7 S. 21st Ave. (Christmas Assembly) 

MORTON GROVE, ILL,, Donald Ferrarini, 6805 Beckwith Road (Campus Decorations) 

MT. VERNON, ILL., Ruthann Fagan, 713 S. 22nd St. (Refreshments) (Co-Chairman) 

NASHVILLE, ILL., Norma Schaeffer (Caroling) (Chairman) 

NEW ATHENS, ILL., Patricia Priest, 205 N. Benton (Christmas Assembly) 

(Chairman) 

OTTAWA, ILL., Peggy 0*Brien, 1413 W. Madison (Program) 

PEORIA, ILL., Nancy Martin, 307 Maryland (Finance) 

ST. LOUIS, MO., Harold Perry, 4138 Cook Ave. (Christmas Semi-Formal Dance); 

Carl Anderson, 3132 Magazine (Campus Decorations) (Chairman) 
SALEM, ILL., Bob Telford (Publicity) 
SPRINGFIELD, ILL., Lou Ann Hart, 629 N. Rutledge (Refreshments); Ronald 

Pemberton, 831 W. Jefferson (Finance) 

TEXICO, ILL., JoAnn Simmons (Caroling) 

WEST FRANKFORT, ILL., Cynthia Kuehn, 212 E. Elm (Finance) (Chairman) 



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December 8, 1954 



TO ALL FISCAL OFFICERS OF DEPARTMENTAL APPROPRIATION ACCOUNTS; 

It is planned to send out through the Alumni Office, or through 
other agencies concerned with off-campus contacts, certain materials 
providing arguments for the support of our next Biennial Budget. Vile 
of course wish to acquaint as many people as possible with our need for 
more monies both for operation and for additional buildings to handle 
present and anticipated enrollments. 

If you know of any persons who might be in a position to say 
a good word for us where it would count, whether in behalf of your own 
departmental budget needs for next biennium or of the University's 
total needs, will you please let us have their names and addresses for 
our mailing list not later than December 17, 1954? Your help in this 
as in other matters will be greatly appreciated. 

May we request that before turning in your list of names you 
consult the members of your department for suggestions which they might 
be able to offer? 



George H. Hand Charles D. Tenney 

Vice President for Vice President for 

Business Affairs Instruction 



December 8, 1954 



Tp ALL FISCAL OFFICERS OF DEPARTMENTAL APPROPRIATION ACCOUNTS? 

It is planned to send out through the Alumni Office, or through 
other agencies concerned with off-campus contacts, certain materials 
providing arguments for the support of our next Biennial Budget. Vile 
of course wish to acquaint as many people as possible with our need for 
more monies both for operation and for additional buildings to handle 
present and anticipated enrollments. 

If you know of any persons who might be in a position to say 
a good word for us where it would count, whether in behalf of your own 
departmental budget needs for next biennium or of the University's 
total needs, will you please let us have their names and addresses for 
our mailing list not later than December 17, 1954? Your help in this 
as in other matters will be greatly appreciated. 

May we request that before turning in your list of names you 
consult the members of your department for suggestions which they might 
be able to offer? 



George H. Hand Charles D. Tenney 

Vice President for Vice President for 

Business Affairs Instruction 



December 8, 1954 



TO ALL FISCAL OFFICERS OF DEPARTMENTAL APPROPRIATION ACCOUNTS; 

It is planned to send out through the Alumni Office, or through 
other agencies concerned with off-campus contacts, certain materials 
providing arguments for the support of our next Biennial Budget. Vile 
of course wish to acquaint as many people as possible with our need for 
more monies both for operation and for additional buildings to handle 
present and anticipated enrollments. 

If you know of any persons who might be in a position to say 
a good word for us where it would count, whether in behalf of your own 
departmental budget needs for next biennium or of the University's 
total needs, will you please let us have their names and addresses for 
our mailing list not later than December 17, 1954? Your help in this 
as in other matters will be greatly appreciated. 

May we request that before turning in your list of names you 
consult the members of your department for suggestions which they might 
be able to offer? 



George H. Hand Charles D. Tenney 

Vice President for Vice President for 

Business Affairs Instruction 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Louie Lawson, Christopher, a farm manager, is the 
first of several persons already enrolling In Southern Illinois University's 
second annual on-campus winter short course in agriculture, Lee Kolmer, SIU 
supervisor of adult education in agriculture, said today. 

The six-weeks' short course will open January 3 and continue through 
February 11 with farmers attending agriculture classes daily Monday through 
Friday. 

The short course, Kolmer said, is one of the latest additions to Southern's 
programs for keeping area people abreast of new developments in agriculture. It 
has been planned for the winter season when farm folk have more time to attend. 
Any person interested in agriculture who is 18 or more years old, or who is a 
high school graduate, may enroll-. Persons living near enough may commute* 
Others will live in Carbondale. 

Kolmer said advance application for enrollment is desirable. Interested 
persons may contact him at the SIU Agriculture department* 

Regular Agriculture department faculty members will teach the 16 courses 
available for short course students. Any farmer may select up to five subjects in 
which he is interested* Persons who satisfactorily complete the course of study 
will receive certificates through the SIU Division of Technical and Adult Education. 
Enrollment costs may vary slightly according to courses selected, but the average 
will be $13 for tuition and laboratory fees* Board and room Gosts will be 
additional. Agricultural or civic organizations may assist local farmers with 

tuition scholarships. 

Kolmer said the following courses will be offered: Economic problems of 
farmers, farm management, agricultural marketing and prices, farm welding, farm 
machinery and tractors, forage crops and pastures, soils and fertilizers, crop 
production, dairy cattle feeding and management, livestock feeding and management, 
animal breeding, poultry production, farm forestry, fruit production, vegetable 
production, and landscape gardening. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBCNDALE, ILL., DEC. — Roye R. Bryant, Southern Illinois University 
placements director, today reported 82 percent more vacancies in education and 
23 percent more in business, industry, and social work listed with the SIU 
Placement Service during the year ending October 1 than in the previous year. 

Vacancies in education listed with the SIU Placement Service last year 
numbered 9,170. The demand for teachers still exceeds the supply, Bryant said. 
However, the number of available high school teachers is more in balance with 
the demand than is the number of available elementary teachers. 

In his annual report, issued today, Bryant pointed out that SIU graduates 
this year accepted positions in four foreign countries, 16 states, and 61 Illinois 
counties. More than half of the 1954 graduates who took jobs with business or 
industry went to St. Louis or Chicago areas. Of thcae who stayed in Illinois, 
one-third were employed in Cook county. 

The current average beginners' elementary teaching salary for SIU graduates 
with bachelor's degrees is $3,268, he reported. The beginning salary for secondary 
school teachers averages $3,367. Inexperienced teachers with master's degrees 
receive at least $200 more annually. The average salary of 1954 SIU graduates 
working in technical fields is $3,810 as compared to $3,619 for non-technical work. 

Because many business and industrial firms have trainee programs at a lower 
salary scale for new employees, and because of commissions, expense accounts and 
other benefits, the average figure listed may not give a true salary picture 
for graduates going into business and industry, he said. 

The 11,182 vacancies listed with the SIU placement office last year came 
from 28 foreign countries and outlying territories, 36 states, and every county 
in Illinois. More than 300 employers called at the placement office to personally 
interview job candidates. 

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Bryant said the 503 persons graduating from SIU in 1954 with bachelor's 
or master* s degrees were occupied as follows on October Is 288 are school 
teachers or administrators; 82 are continuing in graduate school at SIU or else- 
where; 68 are employed in business, industry, or social work; 51 are in the 
armed services; 13 do not desire employment; and one is unemployed. 

Placement is a year-round program, he pointed out. Heaviest listings last 
year started in December and continued through August, reaching a peak in April. 
The services of the office are open without charge to SIU undergraduates, degree 
candidates, and alumni, and to employers seeking qualified candidates. 



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. .; 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Ed Shea, Southern Illinois University 
swimming coach, doesn't have to worry about one freshman member of the 
Salukis newly formed swimming crew. 

The frosh splasher, entered in the 220-yard free style and grueling 
440-yard free style events in Southern's opener at Missouri Mines Saturday 
(Dec. 11), should have little trouble taking care of himself in any 
situation. 

His name: John L. Sullivan. (10100 Wentworth, Chicago). 



-by- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Edward J. Shea, chairman of Southern Illinois 
University f s men*s physical education department, was awarded a doctor's degree 
in physical education from New York University this week. 

Shea, who joined the SIU staff in July 1954 f was graduated from Springfield, 
Mass., College and received post-graduate training at Emory University, Atlanta, 
Ga. and NYU. He was director of athletics at the Atlanta Athletic Club and 
director of athletics at Phillips Academy before coming to Southern. 

Shea also teaches physical education and is Saluki swimming coach. 



-by- 



f ' 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL, DEC. — Gene Tabacchi, Southern Illinois University's 
pint-sized all-nround athlete with the "large, economy size" abilities, has been 
advised by University doctors to drop basketball and rest from his strenuous 
athletic duties. 

A full year of competition last year and a rugged football season this 
fall prompted the decision. The five feet eight inch, 143-pound junior from 
Auburn is Southern's only active three-sport letterman, receiving varsity 
monograms in football, basketball, and baseball. 

As a quarterback on the Saluki grid squad this fall, Tabacchi was runner- 
up to Gerry Hart in the passing department with 19 completions in 47 attempts 
for 165 yards. Tabacohi hopes to resume second base duties when baseball 
practice beings spring term. 



-by- 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — For the fifth consecutive year, Sangamo Electric 
Co. has renewed a contract with Southern Illinois University for capacitor 
research by physics students. 

The program, administered by a joint board consisting of two SIU staff 
members and two representatives of the electric company, sponsors experiments with 
capacitors and their components. 

Director of the program at Southern is Dr. 0. B. Young, who also heads a 
cosmic ray research program sponsored by the army's Office of Ordnance Research. 

The Capacitor Division of Sangamo, manufacturing capacitors for electronic, 
radionic and other equipment, is located on Crab Ornhard Lake, east of the 
University campus. Signing the newest contract for the company was Kenneth 
McGee, director of engineering at the Southern Illinois plant. 

Sangamo furnishes samples and materials for the research projects in 
addition to a financial; grant, and students visit the plant to study techniques 
or consult company scientists* One of the major purposes of the program is to 
give physics students training in applied, industrial research. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111,— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC, — Are you confused by the new Federal Income 
Tax Law? 

Dean Henry J. Rehn of the Southern Illinois University College of 
Vocations and Professions offered today to provide speakers to Southern 
Illinois clubs and organizations whose members would like to get a clearer 
understanding of the new law. 

Rehn said he had contacted a number of tax specialists throughout the 
area about speaking engagements. Upon request, the dean will put clubs and 
organizations in touch with an available speaker in their neighborhood. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phonei 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Southern Illinois University's rookie swimming 
team will make its debut Saturday (Dec. 11), meeting Missouri School of Mines 
in a dual meet at Rolla, Mo. 

Coach Ed Shea has been working his squad for three months in Southern's 
new 75-foot pool in preparation for the opener. The Missouri match will open 
a six-meet schedule which features contests with V a nderbilt University, St. Louis 
University, Bradley, and Illinois Normal. 

The team, all lacking competitive experience, will enter a full slate of 
events in its initial outing. 

Freshmen Vic Carr, Ottawa, Dave Burkstaller, Charleston, Mo., and Allan 
Cline, Springfield (2420 S. 5th), will carry the 300-yard medley relay. 

Bob Montgomery, Grafton, and John L. Sullivan, Chicago (10100 Wentworth), 
will compete in the 220-yard free style event, and Charles Strattan, Mt. Vernon 
sophomore, and Joe Barry, sophomore from Edwardsville, will handle the 50-yard 
free style chores. 

Carr will work the 150-yard individual medley, and Bruce Coleman, West 
""rankfort sophomore and southern Illinois one and three-meter AAU diving 
champion, and Roger Counsel, sophomore from Wood River, are slated for diving 
events. 

The 100-yard free style will feature Strattan and Tom Dukes, Golconda 
freshman. Cline and Randy Hand, Carbondale freshman, are entered in the 200-yard 
backstroke with Freshmen Bob Campbell, Kankakee, and Everett Ramsey, Golconda, 
going in the 200-yard breast stroke. 

Montgomery and Sullivan will compete in the 440-yard free style, and the 

400-yard free style relay team is composed of Cline, Strattan, Burkstaller, and 

Montgomery. 

The Salukis will open a tbree-meet home season Jan. 14 against Illinois 
Normal. 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

I 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Southern Illinois University *s Air 

Force ROTC rifle team won its 12th straight match this week, 
defeating Syracuse University 1862»1733, according to T/Sgt. 
Gordon Hansen, team nana per. The win was Southern's 13th in Ik 
starts. 

Top five scorers for SIU weres Carl House, WhittIngton g 
330 (out of a possible l f00 points); Darrcll Thompson, Dundas, 376 ^ 
Denny Coleman, Shawnee town, 372 | Sam Martin, West Frankfort ? 370 5 
and Curtis House, Benton, 3o*+. 



~by- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 Release; IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS. 

SIU COUN TR Y COLUM N 

By Albert Meyer 
It is a good idea to remember that a dairy cow has a nervous system just 
as do human beings. Denting the milk pail over the cow's anatomy in a fit of 
anger upsets the cow as well as the individual. Gentle treatment of a dairy 
animal is paid for many times in good returns. 



For the best long term results, follow the rule of allowing the dairy cow 
at least a 60-day recovery period after calving before having her rebred.- 



Providing plenty of good bedding and preventing cold drafts on dairy cows 
will reduce chance of mastitis infection. 



The winter season is the time during which farmers find it possible to do 
more small repair and maintenance jobs. This is a good time to look into the 
method of doing chores to see if some changes may be made which will save a little 
time and effort. A little thought on the question easily may result in savings. 

Such jobs as feeding, milking, and barn cleaning are done at least once 
daily. To save a few steps each day quickly mounts up to a considerable saving 
in time and travel during the year. 

Some questions to answer in planning to do routine chore work more efficiently 
are: 

1. Are feed bunks arranged so that they may be filled with minimum walking 
and time? 

2. Are shovels, forks, and other feeding tools placed so that the feeding 
operation may be done with the least amount of walking? 

(more) 



2..... 

3. Are tools always kept at a definite location so they are not misplaced? 

4. Do you carry feed to each animal individually or do you use a simple 
cart from which several animals may be fed at one trip from the feed bins? 

5. Are the chores so planned that there is no back-tracking and loss of 
time in shifting from one job to another? 



The question that every farmer ought to be asking himself by this time 
is: Have I thoroughly cleaned the grain drill and other farming tools and 
lubricated them well to prevent rust and corrosion before storing them in the 
machinery Shed J Grain and fertilizer drills are subject to much damaging rust 
and corrosion. 



The life of a building is shortened materially when roof drainage is not 
carried away properly. Now is a good time to put up new eave troughs or to 
repair the old ones. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

SPORTS DESK" 

CARBONDALE, ILL., D2C , — Southern Illinois university's 
basketball team, victim of three straight defeats, will be looking 
for its first win of the 195*+- 5 5 season Thursday (Dec, 16) when it 
opens the HAG season against Illinois Normal at Carbondale. 

The Redbirus, spotting a 5-3 record, will bring an inexperienced 
team against Coach Lynn Holder's rookie Salukis. Ered Harberry, 
second place scorer for Normal last season, is the only returning 
letterman with much varsity competition under his belt. 

Les Helleman, Al Meyer, Dale Olson, Bob Riggenbach, and return- 
ing serviceman Jim Jones round out the monogram winners working for 
Coach James "Pirn" Goff. 

Normal, which shared fourth place with Western Illinois in 
league play in 1953-5*+, owns victories over Quincy, Manchester, Ind., 
College, and Indiana Central. Redbird losses were to DePaul and 
Millikin. 

The Salukis stepped off on the wrong foot against Millikin, 
losing 32-62, and couldn't find their stride the next two outings, 
falling to Mississippi State 72-69 and Midwestern University 81-70. 

Freshman Larry Whitlock, member of last year's state high school 
champion Mt. Vernon Rams, has kept Southern close with his sharp 
shooting. The 6-5 forward has dropped in *+3 points in the games for a 
16 point average per game. 

Another freshman, Gus Doss, East St. Louis, has sparkled at the 

pivot spot, giving Southern much needed heft under the basket. The 

6-7 Doss has scored 33 points in his two games since entering school 

the winter term. 

(more) 



Capt. s Gib Kurtz, Fast St. Louis senior, and Jack "Jordan, junior 
from Carbonoa lo, are playing steady ball at guard and forward. 

Towering Steve Zebos, Dupo senior, who played three seasons at 
Illinois Normal before entering service, and Dick Blythe, junior from 
Gary, Ind., have alternated at the other guard slot with V/ayman 
Plolder, Carbondale sophomore, and Joe Johnson, lit, Vernon junior, 

Saturday (Dec. 18) the Salukis will tackle the Titans frou 
Illinois VJesleyan in a non-conference game at Carbondale, 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. — Phone: 1020 Release: After 8 p.m. 

December 14, 1954 

(Advance for Release after 8 p.m. December 14) 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — More efficient production methods are essential 
to preserving existing small newspapers, Edward Lindsay, Decatur, told a 
Southern Illinois University "Jobs in Journalism" audience Tuesday evening : 
(Dec. 14). 

Lindsay is editor of the Lindsay-Schaub Newspapers and publisher of the 
Southern Illinoisan, an area daily newspaper printed in Carbondale. Other 
newspapers in the group include the Dacatur Herald and Review, the Urbana Courier, 
and the East St. Louis Journal. The "Jobs in Journalism" meetings are sponsored 
periodically at SIU by the Journalism department and the Journalism Students 
Association. 

Small newspapers are disappearing in the nation because of rising costs, 
he said. The difficulty is that the cost of producing a small newspaper may be 
nearly as much per page as the cost of producing a large newspaper. 

He suggested that the economics of the small newspaper should be of 
special concern to the SIU Journalism department. There are many small weekly 
and daily newspapers in the area. He pointed out that the Southern Illinoisan 
with 18,000 subscribers is the largest in the southern third of the state, where 
SIU is the only university. 

There has been a significant shift in attitudes of present day editors from 
the ideas the old time editors had about education in journalism. In discussing 
educational preparation for the work in the field of communications Lindsay 
observed that nearly half of the editors today believe that schools of journalism 
succeed in transferring to undergraduate educational processes some of the 
characteristics that the great editors of the last century thought could only 
be found in the newspaper office under the guidance of a good city editor. 



(more) 



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Lindsay said the most promising prospects for jobs in the publishing field 
are those who have a four-year liberal arts education in a good college or 
university and a master 1 s degree in journalism from colleges that are highly 
selective in their degree candidates. 

"Obviously, these qualifications are impractical for the leason that such 
candidates for publishing jobs are too few," he added. "In 20 years I have been 
able to hire only two people who had these specifications," 

He did point out the desirability of a good foundation of liberal arts 
courses for a journalism student. Good journalism schools make this provision. 

The Lindsay-Schaub newspapers require persons seeking first jobs in 
editorial or advertising departments to have a college degree, he said. Starting 
salaries are 37 percent higher and the apprenticeship shorter if the applicants 
have journalism degrees from accredited schools, 

Lindsay represents a publishers' organization on the American Council of 
Education for Journalism which is composed of six representatives from major 
communications organizations and six from organizations of journalism educators 
and educational institutions. 

The council has an accrediting committee which acts on applications from 
schools offering professional education in journalism. A broader purpose is to 
evolve educational patterns that have proved most useful to students and employers 
in the field of communications. 

There still are not enough journalism graduates to supply the demand in 
the expanding communications industry — publishing, radio, and television — , 
he said. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phones 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., — Dec. — Houstoun Waring, publisher of the Littleton, 
Colorado, Independent, one of Colorado's most respected weeklies, has been 
named Southern Illinois University's first 1955 Elijah P. Lovejoy Lecturer in 
Journalism, Howard R. Long, SIU Journalism department chairman, announced today. 

Waring will begin a three-day stay at SIU January 26, speaking to journalism 
classes and conferring with students. He will speak at a 10 a.m. freshman 
assembly in Shryock ,\uditorium January 27 (Thursday). His topics "The Newspaper 
and Community Leadership." 

The Colorado editor will receive the Elijah P. Lovejoy certificate award 
from the SIU Journalism department at an evening dinner meeting of the Southern 
Illinois professional chapter of Sigma Delta Chi, journalism fraternity, January 
27. Waring will speak, and SIU journalism students and other guests will attend. 

Waring has published the Littleton Independent, only newspaper in the 
community of nearly 3500, for more than a quarter of a century. The town is 
12 miles south of Denver. He has received many awards for editorial writing 
and community service, was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University in 1944-45, and 
founded the school of journalism at the University of Denver. His weekly paper 
concentrates on local news and discusses state, national, and international news 
from the local angle. 

"I've never catalogued myself as a liberal," he says, "but I expect I 
take a 'liberal' position 98 percent of the time. Most people here in Littleton, 
and I suspect elsewhere as well, don't have ideologies. They raise a i'amily and 
try to keep the roof from leaking. The Independent is edited for them." 

Douglas B. Cornell, Associated Press Washington correspondent, received 
the first SIU Lovejoy lecturer award in 1954. 



-am- 






NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111 •-Phone 1020 



Releases IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Performances of Handel's "Messiah" at 
Southern Illinois University Sunday and Monday vd.ll be rebroadcast 
over nine area radio stations during the holiday season. 

Recordings of the oratorio by the Southern Illinois Symphony 
Orchestra and a chorus of 175 will be heard by radio audiences served 
by the nine stations between December 19 and Christmas Dzy* 

Stations which have confirmed dates and times for their broad' 
cast of the hour-long "Messiah" ares 

V/JPF, Herrin, Saturday, Dec. 25, 3:30 p.m. 5 VJFRX, West Frankfort, 
Sunday, Dec. 19, 1 p.m. ; WIBV, Belleville, Saturday, Dec. 25, 3»l5 P«m, 
WMOK, Metropolis, Friday, Dec. 2 1 *, 10 a.m. 

WCNT, Centralia, will present the program Saturday, Dec. 25, at 
a time to be announced later. 

Other stations which will carry the program but which have not 
yet confirmed time or date are WDQN, DuQuoin; WVLN, Olneyj WKRO, 
Cairo; and WVMC, lit. Carmel. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — One hundred and seventy-eight Southern Illinois 

University students majoring in agriculture frequently look at a scale model of a 

proposed SIU agriculture building while attending classes in crowded rooms and 

laboratories in one end of a barracks building, a tool shed, a barn, a dwelling, 

and a quonset hut. 

Southern's unprecedented enrollment growth — a 52 percent increase in two 

years — has brought with it a corresponding spurt in enrollment in agriculture. 
For example, there were 45 percent more agriculture majors enrolled at SIU during 
the 1954 fall term than during the same period in 1953, and 69 percent more than 
in 1951. Dr. W. E. Keepper, SIU acting director of the Division of Rural Studies, 
says the number of SIU students majoring in agriculture now is at the maximum 
which the department can accommodate with its inadequate facilities. 

Plans for a new functional-type agriculture building at SIU were completed 

nearly two years ago, but funds for the estimated cost of $2,600,000 were not 

included in state appropriations for the 1953-55 biennium. The new building is 

included as a high priority item in Southerns budget requests for new construction 

in the biennium beginning next July. 

Southern envisages meeting four-fold agriculture needs of the university and 

the area with such a new building, according to Keepper. These are: to provide 

classrooms, laboratories, and research facilities for the anticipated doubling of 

the current on-campus student enrollment within the next 10 or 12 years; to enable 

the university to conduct applied agricultural, non-credit, on-campus short courses 

of several weeks' duration — something for which present facilities are negligible; 

to provide facilities serving the area as a center for farm organization meetings, 

workshops, conferences, and short courses of one, two, or three days' s duration; 

and to give adequate laboratory and housing facilities for area-adapted research 

by Southern and such cooperating institutions and agencies as may be working with 

Southern on area problems. These may include land grant universities, and area, 

state and federal agricultural agencies. 

-am- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. —Phone: 1020 Releasei IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Organization of the new Small Business Institute- 
was underway at Southern Illinois University today, directed by R. Ralph Bedwell, 
former manager of the education department of the Illinois State Chamber of 
Commerce, 

The Institute was established to stimulate training of st\<aants interested 
in going into business for themselves in Southern Illinois; tc provide technical 
advice on small business operations, and to establish effective contacts between 
the businessman and the professional staff of SIU. 

The director was formerly assistant dean of the College of Commerce at 
DePaul University, Chicago, He served with the state Chamber the past three 
years, working with Illinois businessmen to promote sound educational progrr.ms 
in schools. He joined Southern's staff Dec, 1. 

Bedwell explained that three committees would be made part of the 
organizational setup of the new SIU agency: 

1. The Council of Small Business will be composed of representatives of 
business, industry, banking, labor, law, agriculture and education who will 
cooperate with regional, civic and community groups in aiding development and 
financing of small business operations. This committee will have Dr. George H, 
Hand, SIU vice president in charge of business affairs as chairman. 

2. A technical advisory committee consisting of area specialists whose 
services might be sought to advise businessmen in such fields as production, 
sales and advertising, tax structures, and personnel. Members of this committee 
would serve as adjunct professors or research associates of the University without 
pay. 

3. An informal faculty committee will be expected to contribute to the 
instructional research or educational service programs of the Institute, 

(more) 



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Named to this body were: Harry B. Bauernfeind, assistant dean of Technical and 

A^ult Education at Southern; Oliver W, Beimfohr, geography and geology department; 

Roye R. Bryant, Placement Service; Van A. Buboltz, business administration; 

Milton Edelman, economics; Lee Kolmer, agriculture; Donald K, Talbott, industrial 

education; W. J. Tudor, Area Services Office, and William C. Westberg, psychology. 

The Institute will carry out a program of research, instruction and 
educational service, the director pointed out. Among the most impurtant research 
will be studies of the factors responsible for the succesr. or failure of business 
firms in Southern Illinois, and surveys of opportunities for manufacturing, 
marketing and service in terms of the need or the overabundance of certain 
types of enterprises. 

Through the Institute's Council of Small Business, students working toward 
careers in business and industry would be given internships in area firms as 
part of their schooling. The Council would also seek loans and scholarships 
for deserving students. 

After graduation, Bedwell said, students starting into business on their 
own would be given free consulting service through the Institute. University 
specialists in economics, business law, accountancy and other fields also will 
be called upon to counsel other concerns seeking help. 

The Area Services Office of the University will help integrate the education- 
al program of the Institute with other SIU services to business, Bedwell 
explained. 

A native of Evansville, Ind., Bedwell was graduated from Evansville College 
and took a master's degree at Syracuse University. He taught mathematics at 
Franklin, N.Y. before entering the Navy for three years as a meteorologist in 
the Aleutians and the Alaskan Theater. 

Before the war, Bedwell also had been a process engineer for the 
Sunbeam Company. 

-eh- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111,— Phone* 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — A $10,000 revolving fund for operating expenses 
of a cooperative wood products pilot-plant at Southern Illinois University has 
been made available to the Carbondale U. S. Forest Service Research Center 
here by Woods Charitable Fund, Inc., according to a joint announcement today 
by Frank H, Woods, Chicago, Fund treasurer, and Richard D. Lane, Carbondale, 
Forester in Charge of the Research Center, 

An agreement signed by the two agencies provides that the fund will be 
used for labor costs and to purchase lumber and other raw materials for operating 
at SIU an experimental pilot-plant in manufacturing wood products* Receipts 
from the sale of these products will be returned to the fund to provide a 
continuing operation capital » Lane says the money will enable the pilot-plant 
to intensify the joint SIU-Forest Service research program and to Conduct special 
research in marketing wood products which it otherwise would not be able to do. 

Woods Charitable Fund is a private foundation with headquarters in Chicago. 
Woods, the treasurer, is also the president of Sahara Coa:i Company, Inc P> which 
operates four coal mines in Saline County and maintains its southern IlJinois 
office in Harrisburg. 

Woods says the fund has been made available because the foundation desires 
to further the economy of Southern Illinois and the welfare of its citizens by 
cooperating with the Forest Service in conducting research directed towacd greater 
and more profitable utilization of the area's largely undeveloped forest resources. 
Forest industries, forest land owners, and the productivity of forest lands all iray 
be benefited by this new program in the southern part of the state. 

The pilot-plant, a cooperative venture of Southern Illinois Univer: ity 
and the Forest Research Center, is in the process of activation at the SIU 
Vocational-Technical Institute campus near Carterville. A building has been 
provided and machinery obtained for early installation and operation. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Carbondale, 111.— Phone i .1020 Releasei IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC — Christmas vacation for Southern Illinois 
University students begins this Saturday (Dec. 18). 

Classes will not be resumed until Jan, 3. 

The final week before the holiday, marked by Christmas parties and 
student caroling in Carbondale, will be climaxed with an all-school Christmas 
assembly Thursday morning (Dec. 16). That evening, Southern's basketball team 
will meet Illinois Normal. 

After school is out, the cagers will play Illinois Wesleyan on their 
home court Saturday night and Indiana Central Dec. 21., 



-eh- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

Number 92 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois"— a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

CHRISTMAS 

By John W. Allen (Please include 
Southern Illinois University "credit" line) 

The origin of many customs, practices and folk beliefs found in Southern 
Illinois today can be traced back through many centuries. The observance of 
Christmas and the customs connected with it afford some examples of such that 
have long survived. 

More than 500 years before the advent of Christianity, pagan peoples in 
widely scattered countries were observing a season that corresponds to our 
Christmas. Many of their customs were the same as those we now observe. These 
pre-Christian observances were held to entreat the gods to turn the sun from 
its southern course and thus assure another summer. 

These observances also served to express the joy of the people that the 
winter solstice had passed. Each day thereafter, as the sun rose higher in its 
course, they knew that another summer with its fruiting season was approaching. 
The "unconquerable sun" was returning. 

Festival times at season of the winter solstice were observed in the British 
Isles, in the Scandinavian countries, in Persia, in Germany, in France, in Italy 
and in various other countries before the advent of Christianity. Always they 
were times of rejoicing. They were marked by feasts, singing of carols, giving 
of gifts, and general jollity, somewhat paralleling present practices. 

The plum pudding, even today a typical Christmas dish, is said to have had 
its origin in the Court of King Arthur in England. There, wine was poured over the 
pudding and set on fire. Children long ago must have begun to be good "jcs : * fore 
Christmas," for it was then said that "only good little boys and girls 1, were to 
receive gifts during observance of the Saturnalia in Rome 500 years before Christ. 

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Boughs of evergreens are now woven into festoons at Christmas time; the Romans 
wove them in like manner at their Saturnalia, 

Long ago cakes were prepared at Christmas time with one candle for each 
member of the family. They survive today as birthday cakes. Then as now, good 
fortune came to the one who blew out all the candles at one vigorous puff. 
Festoons on today's Christmas tree are the successors of such that represented 
beneficent dragons more than 2C00 years ago. 

Slaves were freed and criminals pardoned at the Saturnalia; governors often 
extend pardons to prisoners deemed as deserving at Christmas time. Little 
girls received dolls at the Saturnalia just as they do at Christmas today. 
By mutual consent, it appears, many old quarrels were then forgotten: "Peace 
on earth, Good will toward men" is still echoed. No new wars were then 
declared during the season of celebration. 

In the misty past, groups went from dwelling to dwelling and sang carols. 
Mummers long ago went about the British Isles and sang. Today, carollers gather 
and make the rounds on Christmas eve. Then they sang the very best songs they 
knew. Through the years since then, many wonderful musical compositions have 
been inspired by the season. 

St. Winfred vanquished the Druids and cut down their sacred oak with its 
mistletoe. When he came to inspect the fallen tree, he found a small evergreen 
undamaged among the limbs of the fallen oak and declared that it should thereafter 
be used as an emblem of the season. Martin Luther carried home a small fir 
tree and decorated it that his children might see the beauties of the forest. 

The first Christmas tree in Illinois is said to have been the one placed 
in the home of the Governor of the State of Illinois in 1833. Christmas trees 
are decorated in homes all over Illinois today: the tree of today, however, 
differs in at least one way from the first ones — the early ones had no toys. 

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The oak tree of Thor became the Christmas tree of the Scandinavians. The 
first Christmas card, a single card, was sent by an Englishmen to a friend in 
1844. It carried a sketch appropriate to the season. The next year a card 
was lithographed and a number of them were sent. The custom thus began. In 
1862, the words "Merry Christmas" were added. 

Through many centuries of its observance one characteristic of the Christmas 
observance has remained constant. This has been the increased measure of peace 
and kindliness that comes with the Yule Season. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. —Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — A Southern Illinois University professors 
extensive interest in the life and works of Walt Whitman has brought about 
the addition to the SIU Library of an important collection of Whitman-related 
material. 

Miss Elizabeth Stone, assistant SIU library director, said today the 
library has received an almost complete collection of the "Conservator," a 
literary publication which existed in Philadelphia for nearly three decades 
at the turn of the century and which devoted much of its attention to Whitman 
and his works during those years. 

She said the collection is one of the library's most valuable and 
significant additions. 

Charles E. Feinberg, wealthy Detroit oil company executive and noted 
collector of rare books and publications, is the donor. Feinberg 1 s special 
interest in Whitman led his attention to Southern several years ago when 
he read a book about Whitman written by an SIU English professor, Dr. Robert D. 
Faner. 

Dr. Faner's book, "Walt Whitman and the Opera," was published in 1951. 
Feinberg requested an autographed copy, and the ensuing association continued on 
the basis of common interest in the American poet and writer. Feinberg also has 
the manuscript of "Whitman's American Fame," a book by Dr. Charles B. Willard, 
SIU associate professor in University School. 

Feinberg 1 s inquiry in October, 1954, as to whether the SIU Library would 

have any interest in a gift of the "Conservator" papers, received an affirmative 

reply. The library received the collection on December 8> and will permanently 

file it at SIU. The "Conservator" was a literary periodical which called itself 
"an exponent of the world movement in ethics." Published in Philadelphia from 
1890 to 1919, its contents are rich in the original products of important American 
writers of that time. 

Its editor, Horace L. Traubel, was one of Whitman's closest friends and 
associates, and the "Conservator" throughout its existence contained large amounts 

of Whitman's contributions as well as material relative to him and his works from 
manv other sources- -30- 



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EWS frora Bill Lyons 
JOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 
Jarbondale, 111. -Phone 1020 



Releases r [MEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Mrs, Ethel R, Uilso:i, McLeansboro, is 
Loaning a collection of prehistoric Hopewellian Indian artifacts to the 
Southern Illinois University Museum, Dr. J. Charles Kelley, director, 
umouiced today. 

The collection contains many excellent museum specimens, ho said, 
md will he used for exhibit purposes at SIU, 

The artifacts were removed in 19^9 fron several mounds on Mrs. 
/ilson ! s farm near the Wabash river in White county. The mounds are on 
;he eastern ed£e of the Doe town Hills, a series of elevations rising 
abruptly from the bottomland west of the Wabash, 

Included in the collection are such artifacts as pieces of sheet 
lica, conch shell dippers, drilled bear tusks, drilled pearl beads, 
shell and copper beads, pottery vessels, mussel shell dishes and spoons, 
md a limestone pipe shaped to resemble a flower blossom. 

Irvin Peithman, SIU museum curator of archaeology, completed 
irrangements for bringing the collection to the campus, lie says 
xrehistoric people of the Hopewellian culture inhabited the area some 
1.500 years ago. Some of the material from which the artifacts were made 
;as brought into the region from other parts of the continent, he 
relieves. The mica may have come from what is now North Carolina. 
Jopper for beads probably originated in the Lake Superior region. The 
fench shells and marine shell beads likely came from the Gulf of Mexico 
^egion or from the southeastern seacoast. 

After the 19^9 discoveries on the farm, a field party of repre- 
sentatives of the Illinois State Museum. Indiana University, and 
Southern Illinois University excavated the largest of some 12 mounds 
.n the croup in June. 1950. Tho work uncovered an Interesting series 
>f burials characteristic of tho Hopewellian culture. 

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W'lS from Bill Lyons 

SOOSHEBP ILLINOIS Ul'IVSRSITY 

Carbondale, 111. - "hone 1020 Release: Ii'JCSDIATE 

CAHBONDALE , ILL. , Dec. — Our society forces loneliness on old People, claims 
a Southern Illinois University sociologist. 

J. S. McCrary, who has done much research into the social problems of old age, 
says even a young person "becomes lonely when made to feel that society is merely 
tolerating his presence. 

"At the arbitrarily determined age of 65, society pulls the ladder of life from 
"beneath a, man causing him to lose his work, a. large part of his income, and most of 
:, is useful activity," says McCrary. 

"As a matter of fact society strips him of the status which he has spent his 
life gaining. How could he feel otherwise than that society has finished with 
him?" asks McCrary. 

Older women are usaally hardest hit by loneliness, the sociologist goes on to 
reveal, ""because, rejected "by society, most of them also live out their lives 
mateless. 

"Men at least have their wives around to take c^re of then "but only IS per cent 
of women over 75 have living husbands while nearly 50 per cent of the men have living 
spouses." 

Society seems to expect these mateless old people to endure a period of widow- 
hood until death. Some nursing homes specifically state th?t if «n occue nt marries 
>e must leave. "The home may have a practical reason for such provision," admits 
McCrary, ""but for the widowe'd it constitutes a marriage taboo." 

Porced into a psychological corner to nurse a feeling of isolation the older 
parson often escapes into e fantasy world of the happy pa.st or becomes overly con- 
cerned with bodily ailments, says the sociologist. 



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The paradox of our treatment of old people, warns McCrary, is that wc also are 
hnrting ourselves. "Privately or through government agencies wc ore supporting 
thousands of persons who are quite capable of supporting themselves. As our nental 
institutions receive more and more aged patients we also arc paying this increased 
bill," he says. 

The solution of the old-age problem is not simple, according to KcCrary. 
"Lmergcncy programs such as old age assistance do only a part of the job. Freedom 
from financial need is not the only kind of security the aged require. 

"''/e must explore new ways of fitting old people into our society so that they 
can play useful and satisfying roles until the very end of their days," says 
I'IcCrary. 

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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone* 1020 Release* IMMEDIATE 



CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Southern Illinois University's basketball Salukis 
will take a Christmas holiday before returning to business Dec. 29 against 
Millikin University in a benefit game at Flora, 111. 

The Salukis were defeated in the season opener by Millikin's Big Blue 
62-82 and have won two and lost three since then. One of the victories was 
over conference foe Illinois Normal, giving Southern a 1-0 league mark and a 
tie for first place with Michigan Normal. 

Southern's attack is paced by freshman forward Larry Whitlock, member of 
last yearns Mt. Vernon state high school basketball champs. The six-foot-five- 
inch Whitlock has dumped in 95 points in six contests for a 15.8-point average 
per game . 

Jack Morgan, junior forward from Carbondale, is second in the scoring race 

with 79 points, a 13,3 average. Giant freshman center Gus Doss, East St. Louis, 

has dunked 72 points in five games for third place and a 14.4 average. 

The six-foot-seven-inch Doss, who recently completed four years in service, 
joined the Salukis at the 
/beginning cf the winter term and wasn't available for the Millikin opener. 

Guard Dick Blythe, Gary, Ind., junior, is the hottest shooter with 18 
out of 36 field goal attempts, a .500 average. Blythe also tops the free toss 
average with nine out of 13 for a .692 mark. 

The Salukis will re-open IIAC play Jan. 6 against defending champion 
Eastern Illinois at Charleston. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone; 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

SIU C OUNTRY COLUMN 

By Albert Meyer 

More normal rainfall is bringing with it a taste of early winter mud. 

It emphasizes the need for gravel on all regularly used farm roadways. This 

is the day of automobiles and trucks in agriculture. Having driveways and m..ny 

farm roads usable in all seasons is important. 



Crop controls and government aid in American agriculture isn't something 
entirely new, A minimum price was set on tobacco in 1631. 



A large chunk of the nation's farm land is owned by a comparatively small 
percent of the farm owners. Statistics show that seven percent of farm owners 
in the United States hold 54 percent of the farm land. In the southern states 
the land holdings are even larger. Here three percent of the owners have 46 
percent of the farm land. 



Most farm owners acquire their first land when they are between 25 and 
30 years old. 



The poultry people will tell you that nothing is more inviting for 
Christmas dinner than roast turkey with all the trimmings. Scarcely anyone 
disputes that statement. 

Usually the live chicken roaster market becomes quite strong 10 days 
before Christmas. 



(more) 



Winter months usually bring more activity in the farm woods. The chief 
objective in managing farm forests that are not ready for cutting is to improve 
the composition of the woods in order to have better quality trees and speed 
up the rate of growth. 



The quality of timber is determined by the size of trees, freedom from 
defects, and the rate and uniformity of growth. Clusters of sprouts need to be 
thinned to one stem before the trees are two inches in diameter. 

Young trees in the forest serve as trainers for other larger trees by 
shading the lower parts. This reduces sprouting of branches and raises the 
quality of the tree's future logs 3 All tree limbs that do not receive direct 
sunlight may be removed without reducing the growth. 



Farmers who have forest plantations of pine should thin the stand when 
the live crown is reduced to less than 40 percent of the total height of the 
tree* 



Of course, there is the constant reminder that pasturing the farm woodland 
is taboo. Besides injuring the stand of trees and furnishing poor fare for the 
livestock there is the matter of getting poor reproduction of trees. Heavily 
pastured woodlands do not reproduce the desirable oaks and tulip poplar that 
result in quality trees for the future.. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

Number 93 in a weekly series — "It Happened in Southern Illinois"-- a series con- 
sisting of regional folklore and historical accounts suitable for feature, column 
or editorial use. 

SANTA CLA US 

By John W. Allen (Please include 
Southern Illinois University "credif'line) 

A genial old gentleman will be seen often during the next few days. Children 
will cluster about him with mingled feelings of awe, admiration, wonder and hope. 
Oldsters will look and feel a nostalgic tug at their emotions as another Santa 
Claus is added to those they remember from past years. Few, however, will pause 
to recall the long and interesting story of the character represented 

The chubby, ruddy faced and bewhiskered one that we call Santa is older than 
the name he now bears, much older. Earlier character prototypes of the present 
kindly gentlemen seen at numberless places over Southern Illinois and practically 
all over the world were performing many of the same functions in pagan celebrations 
centuries before the coming of Christ. 

Our observance of Christmas and our use of a Santa Claus in many ways resemble 
the early pagan celebrations held at the winter solstice. In fact, they have so 
much in common that it all could not be accidental. These pagan celebrations came 
at the time when the sun paused in its southward journey and began to rise higher 
in the sky each day. To the pagans it presaged a new life, and they celebrated it 
accordingly. 

On December 21st of each year, ancient Greece hold its Bacchanalia, a time of 
feasting, drinking and revelry, presided over by their god of merriment. 
Scandinavians celebrated in a somewhat similar manner, under the blessings of one 
of their major gods, the' mighty Thor. The people of Italy observed the Saturnalia, 
with Saturn as their saint. In all these and in similar observances held elsewhere, 
a common clement of kindness or good will prevailed. 

In each land the people had a mythical patron who presided over the celebration. 

It was not until the advent of Christianity and Christmas, h »wever, that an historic 

individual, Saint Nicholas of Myra, became permanently associated with the annual 
observance. 



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Much of the established data as well as the legends associated with Saint 

Nicholas were gathered by Angelo Fanelli, a retired Wall Street businessman. It is 

largely through the work that Fanelli did that a connected account of the saint's 

life was developed. Some of the facts set down by Fanelli, with bits of legend 

mingled, give us a glimpse of the patron saint of Christmas* 

Nicholas was born about the year 270 A.D. in the city of Tacora, province of 

Lycia in Asia Minor. His parents were members of the Christian group that had existed 

there since the time when the Apostle Paul had visited the region some 200 years 

before. The father of Nicholas was a prosperous merchant and left his son a 

considerable legacy. 

Nicholas early became a devout churchman. Coupled with the data establishing 

this fact there is much of legend, It is said, for instance, that Nicholas rose and 

stood alone in the bowl of water at his natal bath. Illustrations based on this 

legend sometimes appear on Christmas cards, Another tradition states that Nicholas, 

even before he talked, would not take food on Wednesday, then the fast day for 
Christiana, 

While still a youth, Nicholas attained a place of respected prominence in the 

city. Despite his earnest efforts to have the charitable acts he performed remain 
unknown, his identity as their doer became known to many., When the bishop of the 
church at Myra died, 4h^g^-^e^Sns^me- Tor do i ng- s e met to select his successor. 
According to legend, a vision directed their attention to Nicholas, and he was 
immediately chosen, He, pleading youth and inexperience, txded to avoid the res- 
ponsibility. Not being able to do so, he accepted it and began an eventful and use- 
ful life. 

Many and various experiences came to Nicholas, He was cast into prison by the 

Emperor Diocletian*. There he made friends of all, including thieves and robbers, and 

became their guide and patron saint as well as that of slaver* On a sea voyage he 

stilled great 9torms and thus became the patron saint of sailors « legend has it 

that children gathered and trudged with him along the dusty roads,. He became the 

patron saint of children and of schoolboys. Statues still exist commemorating the 

■boy'*bUhops that once were selected in some of the old schools of England, 

(more) 



3 

He was also the patron saint of butchers and in some places they paid funds to the 

church in his name. Perhaps no saint has had more churches named for him. 

Nicholas died on December 6, 341, and was buried at the Church at Myra. His 

tomb was a point of pilgrimage until the Saracens' overran it in 1034, People at 
Bari, Italy, decided to remove the body of Saint Nicholas from the territory con- 
trolled by the Saracens, They therefore, in April 1087, set out in several ships to 
do so. Outwitting the Greek guards at Myra they secured the body of Saint Nicholas 
and reached Bari with it in May 1087, just before an expedition was due to set out 

from Venice with the same objective. His remains now rest in the church at Bari, Italy. 
Legend has Santa travel in various ways. In Norway and Sweden it is with 

reindeers, and he drops the presents down the chimney. In Poland and Germany he 

places them in stockings hung by the chimney or, perhaps, outside the window, - In 

Belgium and Holland he places them in wooden shoes, around which the youngsters have 

often placed hay for the big white horse that Santa rides. Recently he has been 

pictured traveling in automobiles and airplanes, 

Santa generally travels alone. Sometimes, though, he has a helper, one who finds 

the disobedient and naughty, since Nicholas himself could never punish or deny. In 

Norway his helper is Kris Kringle. In North Germany it is Knes Rutretht, who helped 

deliver gifts to the good, and Pelsnichel, who carries along birch rods for the 

meaner children. In Holland his helper is Jan Haas, who carries a big black sack 

of sticks and sand. In Switzerland his helper is Schmitzle, who goes along to scoop 

up the bad boys and girls and place them in a big black bag. In parts of Switzerland 

and Sweden, Santa is accompanied by his wife, Lucy, who helps to distribute 

presents to the deserving. 

Children are now pictured sitting on the knee of Santa Glaus. This picture 

comes from legend that originated in Poland about the 10th century. Then a seven 

year old orphan boy named Stasia, hungry, barefooted and in rags, stood watching 
other children as they made merry. Saint Nicholas saw the lonely child and asked him 
what he would like most to have for Christmas. Stasia replied, "One thing only I 
want and that is that once in my life someone will hold me on his knee, pat me, and 
put his arms around me the way fathers and mothers do." Saint Nicholas took the 
boy on his knee, patted him, put his arms around him and held him there until he 
went to sleep. The next morning Stasia awoke a happy boy, with new clothes, new sh^es, 
food, and the memory of having been loved. 

-30- 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone; 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 



ATTENTION t, FARM EDITORS. 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Artificial insemination programs help the dairyman 
obtain that higher production per cow necessary for better profits from his herd, 
says Howard H. Olson, dairy specialist at Southern Illinois University. 

Foremost of several advantages, he points out, is the fact that by artificial 
insemination the average dairy herd owner has the use of bulls of higher quality 
than he alone could afford to own. Artificial breeding organizations select 
proven bulls with a background of improving production. Quality of such males 
is determined by their ability to transmit high milk and butterfat productive 
capacities to their daughters, and to raise this level of production above that 
of dams. 

Dairy Herd Improvement Association testing programs provide the dairyman 
a good means of keeping up with the production records of cows in the herd. 

Other advantages of artificial insemination programs are: 

1.. The farmer does not have the potential danger from handling an ugly bull. 

2.. Various reproductive diseases are more easily controlled* 

3. The conception rate in the herd often may be improved. 

Olson says that proper timing is important in successfully breeding cows. 

After calving the cow should not be rebred for at least 60 days. Heifers 
should not be bred too young. Allow time for better maturity so that the young 
cow will reach maximum growth before calving.. This maturity date varies with 
breeds. 



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HBJWa from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111. - Phone 1020 Release: Ufl-SDIATE 



CAR301 T DALE, ILL., DSC. — "This Uas 1954 in Southern Illinois," a half-hour 
•orogram containing highlights of southern Illinois news during 1954, will be 
broadcast by nine area radio stations at the close of this year. 

Based on contributions fron radio stabions and newspapers throughout southern 
Illinois, the program will feature several voices recalling top news developments 
of the past year aid music by the Southern Illinois University Concert Band. 

Stations v 'hich have announced the dates and tines of their broadcasts of the 
program are: 

"7JFF, Herrin, Dec. 31, 9:30 p.m.; WDQ5, DuQuoin, January 1, 10:30 a.m.; 
l/m, Fairfield, Jan. 1, 2 p.m.; WMOZ, Metropolis; Dec. 30, 3:45 p.m.; VI "3V, 
Belleville, Jan. 1, 3:30 p.m. 

Stations which will c^rry the program but have not yet disclosed the time 
include WVMC, Mt.. Carmel, Jan. 2; WCUT, Centralia, Dec. 31; and VZSX, Hurphysboro, 
Jan. 1. 

'MIX, Mt. Vernon, will broadcast the program at a date aid time to be 
announced. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

SIU COUNTRY COLUM N 

By Albert Meyer 
Winter is a time to keep rolling land under cover. Plowing fields in 
fall and winter months is frowned upon in good farming circles because barren 
fields always are subject to more erosion during these months when there is no 
growing vegetation. A good covering of crop residue or seeded grasses and small 
grains will help hold the soil. 



Winter pause is an inherited factor in laying hens. Therefore, the farmer 
should not expect miracles from mash feeds which have been recommended to 
prevent winter slumps in egg production. 



Yellow corn usually is considered a better feed for the poultry flock than 
is white corn-. The yellow kernels contain vitamin A which is essential to 
the health of the chicken and needs to be made available in more abundant 
quantities in feeds during the winter months when sunshine periods are short 
and the flock is confined more closely in the laying house. 



In cleaning fence rows containing considerable brush and some trees, the job 
will be more permanent and may be done more economically if the farmer will 
apply the ester form of 2,4; 5-T; and 2,4-D to the cut stumps. This will 
prevent regrowth. A recommended mixture is 16 pounds of the acid in 100 gallons 
of oil. The stumps should be covered thoroughly soon after cutting. 



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Considerations for New Year's resolutions: 

The year's farm operations need careful planning before spring plowing. 

The chicken flock must have lost money last year. Begin keeping records 
at the first of the new year. 

The old milk cow that has been boarding on good feed all year and turned 
out less than 4,000 pounds of milk must go. She lost money for the herd. 

That deepening gully on the rolling twenty needs to be made into a grass 
waterway this spring. Maybe a diversion barrier will help, too. 

Must stop plowing up and down the slope this year. The good dirt's all 
disappearing down the creek. The field need strip cropping or a hay-pasture 
program instead of corn. 

In the new year the tools are going to be straightened up in the shop and 
kept in place. 

The farm machinery will be checked for needed repair parts and put into 
good running order during the slack days this winter. 

The barn will get that paint job it's been needing for two years. 

The home kitchen is going to be modernized with some needed conveniences 
for the housewife. 

Every field is going to be tested thoroughly for plant food deficiencies 
this year befcre fertilizer is applied. Might save some money. 

There are many other resolutions a farmer might make, but this is more than 
he'll, keep. 



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HSWS fron Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UTOSSITY 

Carbondale, 111. - Phone 1020 Release! IMMEDIATE 

ATTENTION: FARM EDITORS 

CARBONDALE, ILL. , DEC. — A gift of corrugated aluninun roofing and siding has 
nade possible addition of a new 30-by-50-foot poultry house to Southern Illinois 
University's growing poultry farm, V* E. Keepper, acting director of the SIIT Division 
of Rural Studies, said today. 

The Kaiser Aluninun Manufacturing company donated the aluninun material for 
the aew "building. 

Scheduled for housing a laying flock, the "building will ac conn o date fron 550 
to 600 chickens. This is the second "building provided for the poultry farn "by gifts 
to SIU. The first was s prefabricated laying house -ore seated to the University tv/o 
years ago by six Illinois firns and individuals connected with the poultry industry. 
The added equipment has enabled the Division of Rural Studies to enlarge the scone 
of its experimental poultry study and testing programs in applied practices. 

Scott Hinners, SIU poultry specialist, points to several construction features 
in the new building. It has a dirt-fill floor covered with a deep litter of straw. 
Large rolling doors at opposite ends of the building permit driving e wagon through 
the building for convenience in cleaning. 

Both long sides of the building have rolling doors (four on each side) r.ung 
fron steel dGor track. Polyester sheathing on the doors bars cold and permits 
sunlight to enter, helping to keep the building comfortable in winter when the doors 
are closed. It is a durable plastic material that is nailed to the door framing the 
same as metal siding. Welded wire screening in the openings permits the doors to be 
rolled open during warn weather for good ventilation. 



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NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone: 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL, , DEC. — Southern Illinois University, closing out its 
books on a record year, looked forward to 1955 somewhat apprehensively today. 

"You cannot increase enrollment by more than 52 percent without having 
drastic financial effects," said SIU President D. W. Morris in explaining 
that appropriated funds for the 1953-55 biennium were insui f icient to meet 
Southern's needs. 

Because of greater demands on the University for service and training, 
particularly in the past year, the board of trustees has voted to ask the state 
legislature for operating expenses of $16,500,000 for 1955-57. 

Though beset with money problems and inadequate space, the University made 
some notable progress during 1954. As a result, there were 1000 more students 
on campus this year than last, an enrollment increase of 30 percent over last 
year and 52 percent over 1952. Registration of 4619 resident students this 
fall broke all previous attendance at Southern. 

The major factor in swelling the enrollment lists has been a broadened 
educational program tailored to the needs of Southern Illinois. Students who 
formerly had to travel long distances to acquire training in vocations and 
professions are flocking to SIU, which was only a teacher* s college until a 
decade ago.. 

During 1954, a Life Science Building was completed on the campus and a 
sorely-needed new library took shape, with occupancy scheduled for next fall. 
Heavy enrollment has overcrowded existing buildings, however, and 60 old 
residences and temporary buildings are now in use. 

The 1955 legislature will be asked to grant $35,704,300 for building and 
capital improvements, including an agriculture building. Agriculture students 
now have classes in makeshift quarters, including a quonset hut and a converted 
calf barn. 

(more) 



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With classroom, shop and instructional staff for only 200 students, the 
Vocational-Technical Institute of the SIU Division of Technical and Adult 
Education was hard-pressed when nearly 400 sought admittance this fall. Some 
students had to be turned away. In the winter term when the demand for admission 
was even greater, the VTI overtaxed facilities to take in 398 students — a 
tripled enrollment increase since the VTI day school program was started three 
years ago. 

A cooperative agronomy research station, jointly operated by SIU and the 
University of Illinois, was activated in October at SIU's Experimental Farm to 
conduct basic and applied research in crops and soils, particularly those in 
Southern Illinois. A pilot plant was under construction for experiments in 
better utilization of forest products as part of a cooperative enterprise 
between SIU and the Carbondale branch of the U.S. Forest Research Center. In 
addition, the Research Center this year received an extra $150,000 appropriation 
from the federal government for expansion of its research program and staff. 

Meanwhile, members of the agriculture department staff were engaged in 
more than 25 research projects and the University was supporting 33 research 
endeavors by faculty members in other fields. Most of these were aimed at 
upgrading social, cultural and economic conditions in Southern Illinois. The 
microbiology research laboratory, engaged in radiation and nutrition studies for 
the American .Cancer Society, the Atomic Energy Commission and other agencies, 
entered into a five-year research pact with the U.S. Public Health Service. 
Research in electrical capacitors for Sangamo Electric Co. was renewed for the 
fifth year, and the Army's Office of Ordnance Research continued its contract 
for cosmic ray studies at Southern. 

A half dozen cooperative programs of fisheries and wildlife research 
received new impetus when the Truax-Traer Coal Co. put a 1400-acre tract of 
strip mine property at the University's disposal. 

(more) 



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In the campus residence halls, a program was started in 1954 to integrate 
instruction with student activities and social life. The objective was to make 
the dormitories small communities in themselves where students attend some of 
their classes and where closer kinship between faculty and students is developed 
by resident counselors. 

Among the new curricula added were those in personnel management and an 
intern program for student accountants. 

At the SIU camp at Little Grassy Lake, area school children were treated 
to an aggregate of nearly 12,000 days of camping this year. 

The department of community development, organized at Southern in 1953, 

wound up the study phase of "Operation Bootstrap" in Eldorado last spring and 

offered its help to three other towns — DuQuoin, Elizabethtown and Rosiclare. 
A Small Business Institute was established on the campus to stimulate 

training of youth to go into business for themselves, and to offer advice to 

industry on financing and expansion. 

The Little Theater traveling troupe, going on the road for the second year, 
presented a children's play and an adult comedy in 29 Southern Illinois 
communities last spring. 

At year end, statistics showed that Southern was the fourth largest 
institution of higher learning in the state. SIU officials, hoping that the 
new legislature would be sympathetic to the school's growth, foresaw an en- 
rollment of 5500 resident students in 1955 and 6500 by 1956 if funds are available 
for staff, housing and classrooms. 

If not, said SIU President Morris, a cutback will be necessary, resulting 
possibly in a shortened school year, or even dropping the summer session. 



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.14 ■- t 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Phone; 1020 Release: IMMEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — Sexton, Pick, Graves, and Harp. 

Morbid? Not at all. Certainly George Sexton (Mt, Vernon), Harry Pick, 

(Centralia), Herman Graves (Marion), and David Harp (West Frankfort) don*t think 

so. These four men are among 4,619 Southern Illinois University students whose 

one of 
names are part of/ SIU* s most interesting publications, the student directory. 

The 1954-1955 edition reads like something in which Hemingway and Earl 
Wilson might have collaborated. Readers need look no further than the last names 
of listed students to read about Barr, Brewer, Beers, Stein, Lager, Bock, Pabst, 
Wineman, Miller, Tippy, and Belcher. Or to find Friend, Swain, Love, Trulove, 
Bliss, Joy, Sinn, Lynch, and Mourning. 

SIU T s names in "nobility" include King, Prince, Dukes, Earls, Knight, and 
Gentry. Then there are Pope, Bishop, and Priests and a choice of Siam, Spain, 
Holland, and England. 

For those affected by the elements there are Rain, Rains, Rainwater, and 
naturally Brook, Creek, and Branch, SIU can then offer Vinyard, Timberlako, 
Overturf, Stubblefield, Cornstubble, Outland, Moss, and Mudd. And if those are 
a bit confining there are Moon and Starr, with North, Northern, Eastman, South, 
and nine Wests. 

Southern's personalities include Young, Merry, Sharp, Quick, Sweet, Gayer, 
Louder, Free, and Truenow. Or one might prefer Tweedy, Wise, Gaunt, Moody, 
Featherly, Gouty, Rich, amd More. To all of which should be added Small, Stout, 
Short, Little, Long, and Low. 

SIU can furnish Dodge, Ford, Hudson, Nash, Olds, and Tucker, with a color 
choice of Redd, White, Blue, Black, Gray, Green, and Brown. 

Of course, there is just one Good and one Best. 

Available on campus are Cottcn, Rice, and Coffee; as well as Birch and Maple. 



(more) 



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Then there are Bull, Moose, Fox, Wolf, Pigg, Beavers, Maverick, Newt, and 
Fly; plus Spitz, Springer, and Bassett. To which must be added Bird, Finch, 
Partridge, Peacock, Pidgeon, Swan, Jay, and Rooks; not to mention Bass, Trout, 
Pickerel, Pike, Herring, Haddock, and Sturgeon. 

Southern's rosters include Shoemaker, Trimmer, Tanner, Mason, Potter, 
Cooper, Sawyer, Miner, Farmer, Barber, Baker, Brewer, Cook, Booker, Usher, Divers, 
Sellers, Doctorman, Goldsmith, Guard, and Justice. 

And one's choice of a miscellanea? Hand, Hook, Junck, Klok, Seats, Spinner, 
Sparks, Stones (two), Wicks, Box, Lux, Farthing, Sands, Page, Baggs, Flannell, 
Riddle, Church, Gates, and House (seven). 

Other interesting combinations include those of Hardwig and Haier; Helms, 
Rudder, and Boatright; and Dare, Goforth, Chance, Boner, and Boos, Then for sheer 
lilt in an actual directory-order combinatien, who can resist Pedigo, Peebels, 
Peeck, and Peel? 

Secure holds on first and last positions in Southern's latest student 
directory are those of Janet Lou Aaron (West Frankfort) and Andrew Zupka 
(Chaffee, Mo.). 

Honors for this directory's longest last name go to a Nokomis lad who 
spells it (if there is time) Buechsenschuetz. Unchallenged for nominal brevity is 
John Re of Dowell, 111., who outdoes 16 students with thtee-lotter names. 

And fewer names at Southern are better known than those of John L. Sullivan 
(Chicago), William Boyd (Kankakee) , and Lon Chaney (Pulaski). 

Many find fascination in the rhythm and cadence of names. In these qualities 

few can surpass those of Southern students Funderburk, Furtwengler, Fickbohm, 

Fleckenstein, Strackeljahn, Hockgeiger, Dinwiddie, Schutzenhofer, Schwartztrauber, 

Schluckebier, Schneidermeyer, Crawshaw, Buxbee, Vanbibber, Slogenhop, Lichtenstein, 

Hazelrigg, Zapotocky, Epperheimor, Sackwitz, Meisenheimer, Mornhinweg, Hooppaw, 

and Ringeringj a group rounded out superbly by a trio who shout! get together 

if they aren't; Biggerstaff, Bloodworth, and Bodkin. 

(more) 



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3..... 

Then inevitably appear the names at which Southern* s instructors pale: 
Vontungeln, Barczewski, Wawrzyniak, Mroz, Sgro, PrTszkiewicz, Schierschwitz, 
Dworzynski, Kaczynski, Gruetzemacher, Kasprzycki, Czajkowski, Graskewicz, and 
Wabiszewski. 

Defying classification are such as Goin, Goos, Gunning, Harms, Huff, Hurt, 
Marks, Nannie, Nimmo, Null, Ratcliff, Rose, Rule, Rush, Rushing, Shadowed, Shcok, 
Snow, Summers, Treat, Vowels, Weeks, Youngblood, Dahdah, Dscqac, Almost, Aia.2Ci, 
Aljaryan, Blessing, Brake, Bushkill, F ee, and Frier. 

Forty-nine Smiths assemble in this year's SIU directory to top the repeated- 
names list which includes 35 Johnsons, 24 Davises, 24 Joneses, and 23 Browns. 

c inally there is Pugh. 

And Ditto. 



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'! , 



NEWS from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, 111.— Fhone; 1020 Release: B.JviEDIATE 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC, — Concerned because all Illinois high school 
students do not receive the same caliber of English instruction, the Illinois 
Association of Teachers of English has drawn up a list of teaching criteria to 
bring all students up to the highest possible level. 

According to Dr. Charles Willard, Southern Illinois University English 
supervisor in the University school and president of the association, high on 
the list is a reduction in the teaching load so English teachers do not have 
classes of more than 25 students. 

"With this workable— size class teachers can require one short written 
composition a week and give effective training in both spoken and written English," 
says Willard. 

The association is asking teachers of other subjects to require students 
to use complete statements in responding to classroom questions. 

"In order to facilitate classroom recitations teachers often are inclined 
to complete answers for students or call on a more apt student," Willard points 
out. "Some teachers are not concerned enough when students mix up sentence 
structures as long as the facts are correct. The teaching of English cannot 
be a one-hour-a-day proposition. Teachers of all subjects must cooperate." 

Also recommending that the English program include a 50-50 proportion 

of literature and composition throughout the high-school years, the association 

is seeking more emphasis on world literature, propaganda analysis, critical 

listening, and on clear, effective expression. 

Touching on the one-sided preparation of some of Illinois's English 
teachers, the association is advising all English teachers to have training 
in speech, grammar, and compostion as well as in literature. 

Commenting on this, Dr. Willard says, "We want to prepare students not only 
to be informed but to be articulate members of our democratic socfety. We want 
to encourage English teachers to provide students with as many opportunities as 
possible to speak before high school, civic, religious, and other groups." 

-br- 



■> '3 --U iM ■"-::■ : 



Ntwb from Bill Lyons 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 

Carbondale, I U.— Phone: 1020 Releases IMMEDIATE 

AREA RAINFALL 
HITS NORMAL 
FOR THE YEAR 

CARBONDALE, ILL., DEC. — December's six inches of rainfall were just what 
was needed to make 1954 a normal year weatherwise in southern Illinois, says 
Dalias Price, Southern Illinois University associate professor of geography who 
specializes in area weather study. 

Most laymen would hardly believe that 1954 was as normal as it was in spite 
of ups and downs in temperature and precipitation,, he says. He quotes statistics 
on Carbondale* s weather to back his analysis and says that,, with flight local 
variations, they are representative of much of southern Illinois. 

The year had 105 days with some rainfall. The heaviest came September 21 
when 2*36 inches fell in one afternoon. The year 3 s total was slightly more than 
45 inches, the normal expectancy for southern Illinois. 

March was the driest month with only a little more than one inch of rain- 
fall. Other months had three or more inches. Sixteen days from November 2 to 18 
comprised the year's longest period without rain. 

The year's normal precipitation, however, is insufficient to offset the 
deficiency of some 20 inches accumulated during the previous three years of sub- 
normal rainfall, Price points out. It will take another year or more of normal 
or above-normal rainfall to catch up. 

Northwestern and northern counties of southern Illinois suffered considerable 
crop damage because they received less rainfall than the rest of the area. 
Excessive evaporation during hot summer weather also affected area farm crops, 
even with fairly norr.ial rainfalls because of a lack of reserve moisture in the 
soil. 

(mo-.e) 



Temperatures went haywire during the early part of 1954, Price says. 
February and April were warmer than normal and March and May were colder. May 
was the most out of line — six degrees colder than average. In fact, most early 
seeded vegetables were stunted and some in low areas were killed by May's cold 
weather. 

The coldest 1954 reading at Carbondale was five degrees above zero on 
January 11 — considerably above the 22 below of February 2, 1951. The hottest 
day came July 14 with a reading of 104 degrees. The record for Carbondale is 
113. The year had 81 days with readings above 90 and 16 days with readings 
above 100, There were only 24 days during the months of June, July, and August 
in which the maxiumum reading did not hit 90 or more. The 199 frost free days 
between April 2 and October 19 we>s-e six days more than average. However, frost 
came five days earlier than normal in the fall. 

The year produced only one "old-fashioned" snow, a nine-inch fall in 
January which stayed on the ground 10 days* However, the year's total of 11 
inches was three short of the normal quota. February failed to live up to its 
usual record as the snowiest month* 

As a whole the year was normal in temperature in spite of variations. The 
year's average was 57.2 degrees — four-tenths of a degree below normal. The lafit 
three months were slightly below normal in temperature. Summer months were a bit 
above average. 

Says Price, "The record refutes the theory that the climate is warming 
up — at least in southern Illinois during 1954." 



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